A systematic review of validated suicide outcome classification in observational studies

BACKGROUND: Suicidal outcomes, including ideation, attempt, and completed suicide, are an important drug safety issue, though few epidemiological studies address the accuracy of suicidal outcome ascertainment. Our primary objective was to evaluate validated methods for suicidal outcome classification in electronic health care database studies. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of PubMed and EMBASE to […]

National Suicide Rates a Century After Durkheim: do we Know Enough to Estimate Error?

Durkheim’s nineteenth-century analysis of national suicide rates dismissed prior concerns about mortality data fidelity. Over the intervening century, evidence documenting various types of error in suicide data has only mounted & surprising levels of such error continue to be routinely uncovered. Yet the annual suicide rate remains the most widely used population-level suicide metric troday. […]

Suicidal Behavior: the Need for its Documentation in Multiaxial DSM-V Diagnoses

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Can Novel Nosological Strategies aid in the Identification of Risk for Suicidal Behavior?

In this editorial, the authors discuss the way suicidal behaviour is currently classified in the DSM-IV – only as a symptom in the context of Major Depressive Episode or of Borderline Personality Disorder. They recommend that suicidal behaviour be considered a separate diagnostic category & documented on a sixth axis. (16 refs.)

Issues for DSM-V: Suicidal Behavior as a Separate Diagnosis on a Separate Axis

In this editorial, the authors recommend that suicidal behaviour be considered a separate diagnostic category documented on a sixth axis in the DSM-V. Conceptual & practical reasons for their recommendation are briefly discussed. (5 refs.)

Suicide Trends and Antidepressants

In this letter to the editor, Isacsson comments on a previous study by Reseland et al (2006) on suicide & the use of antidepressants in the four Nordic countries. Isacssson notes the classification of deaths was changed in 1969 with the introduction of the category of uncertain cause of death in ICD-8 &, therefore, some […]

Severity of Depressive Episodes According to ICD-10: Prediction of Risk of Relapse and Suicide

All psychiatric inpatients in Denmark who had received a diagnosis of a single depressive episode at their first discharge between 1994-1999 were identified. The risk of relapse & the risk of suicide were compared for patients discharged with an ICD-10 diagnosis of a single mild (1103 patients), moderate (3182 patients) or severe (2914 patients) depressive […]

ICD-10 Predicts Risk of Relapse and Suicide in People Diagnosed With a Single Depressive Episode

Please see SIEC #2006-0927 for Kessing’s study.

Trends in Suicide by Method in England and Wales, 1979 to 2001

Definitions of Suicidal Behavior: Lessons Learned From the WHO/EURO Multicentre Study

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Factor Analysis of the DSM-III-R Borderline Personality Criteria in Psychiatric Inpatients

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Confirmatory Factor Analysis of DSM-IV Criteria for Borderline Personality Disorder: Findings From the Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study

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Self-Inflicted Injuries: Agreement Between the Clinicians

Published in “Back to the Future: Refocusing the Image of Suicide,” ed. by J L McIntosh

Mild Disorders Should not be Eliminated From the DSM-V

High prevalence estimates in epidemiological surveys have led to concerns that the DSM system is overly inclusive & that mild cases should be excluded from future DSM editions. This article demonstrates that DSM-III-R disorders can be placed on a severity gradient that has a dose-response relationship with outcomes assessed a decade later, & that no […]

The Effects of Changes in the World Health Organization’s International Classification of Diseases on Suicide Rates in 71 Countries, 1950-1999

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An Evaluation of External Cause-of-Injury Codes Using Hospital Records From the Indian Health Service, 1985

This study examined external cause-of-injury & poisoning codes from American Indian Health Service hospital records in order to evaluate the usefulness of International Classification of Diseases coding. Of the 10,921 hospital discharge records with at least one injury-related diagnosis or health service code, 7.3% were coded as suicide/attempt. The authors conclude that this coding was […]

Mental Disorders, Psychiatric Patients, and Suicide (IN: Assessment and Prediction of Suicide, edited by R W Maris et al)

This chapter explores the value of psychiatric disorders as a predictive variable for suicide. It starts with a discussion of the classification of psychiatric disorders & suicidal behaviors, summarizes recent studies investigating the link or association between psychiatric disorders & suicide, proposes various explanations of the nature of these associations, & offers some broad conclusions […]

Multimodal Therapy: Applications to Partial Hospitalization in the Light of Long-Term Follow-Up of Borderline Patients

This paper considers the results of long term follow up studies of patients originally diagnosed as borderline personality disorders by DSM criteria.

Panic Disorders and Suicidal Behavior

This Editorial summarizes the main points of the controversy surrounding reports that panic disorders are associated with greatly elevated risk for suicide attempts. It discusses panic disorders & panic attacks, & summarizes community studies & clinical studies examining panic disorder & nonfatal suicidal behaviour. It notes the central questions raised by these studies & draws […]

Surveillance of Poisoning and Drug Overdose Through Hospital Discharge Coding, Poison Control Center Reporting, and the Drug Abuse Warning Network

The authors compared 4 measures of poisoning incidence by studying a case series at 2 urban hospitals. In multiple logistic regression, factors of age, hospital admission, suicidal intent, principal poisoning or overdose type, & mixed drug overdose were statistically significnat predictors of case match or report varying by surveillance measure. Findings indicate that common surveillance […]

The Validity of Major Depression With Psychotic Features Based on a Community Study

This article reports on the evidence for the validity of psychotic major depression as a distinct subtype based on cross sectional and 1 year prospective data from the Epidemiologic Catchment Area study. Consistent with findings from previous clinical studies, only about 14% of major depressions were accompanied by psychotic features. (36 refs.)

Mental Retardation and Psychiatric Illness

The revision of DSM-III & changes in policies of third-party payers have sensitized clinicians to the presence of psychopathology among mentally retarded persons. The authors discuss the relationship between mental illness & mental retardation, & review recent research on the diagnosis of specific psychiatric disorders in these patients. Some problems, such as psychoses & phobias, […]

Mortality in DSM-IIIR Schizophrenia

Mortality was investigated in 356 DSM-IIIR schizophrenics admitted to a university psychiatric hospital over a 12-year period. Observed death was compared with mortality among the general population in Iowa. Schizophrenics had nearly a 3-fold increase in overall mortality, primarily attributable to unnatural causes of death. The rate of suicide was more than 23 times greater […]