Health plans for suicide prevention in Spain: A descriptive analysis of the published documents

The number of deaths by suicide worldwide each year is more than 800,000 people, which is equivalent to one death every 40 seconds. Suicide prevention has been listed by the World  Health Organisation as a global imperative and has become a priority for global public health. This descriptive study describes and compares the intervention components[…]

Intimate partner sexual violence and violent victimisation among women living homeless in Madrid (Spain)

The purpose of this paper is to discover the extent to which women living homeless in Madrid (Spain) have been victims of intimate partner sexual violence (IPSV), analysing the connection between stressful life events (SLE) relating to violent victimisation and having suffered sexual assault by a partner. This study took place using a sample of[…]

The impact of temporary contracts on suicide rates

The number of suicides has increased in the last decades in several developed countries. For instance, Spain has experienced a gradual but steady increase in suicides since the 80’s and it is currently the leading external cause of death in the country. At the same time, the dualisation of the labor market, with a strong[…]

Catalonia Suicide Risk Code Epidemiology (CSRC-Epi) study: Protocol for a population-representative nested case-control study of suicide attempts in Catalonia, Spain

Introduction Suicide attempts represent an important public health burden. Centralised electronic health record (EHR) systems have high potential to provide suicide attempt surveillance, to inform public health action aimed at reducing risk for suicide attempt in the population, and to provide data-driven clinical decision support for suicide risk assessment across healthcare settings. To exploit this potential,[…]

Suicidal thoughts and behaviors: Prevalence and association with distal and proximal factors in Spanish university students

Objective
We report on the prevalence of suicidal thoughts and behaviors in Spanish university students and their risk and protective factors (distal/proximal; individual/environmental).
Methods
First‐year university students completed an online survey including Self‐Injurious Thoughts and Behaviors Interview (SITBI) items, the screening version of the Columbia‐Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C‐SSRS) along with adversities[…]

Understanding patients’ experiences of the wish to hasten death: An updated and expanded systematic review and meta-ethnography

Objectives Patients with advanced disease sometimes express a wish to hasten death (WTHD). In 2012, we published a systematic review and meta-ethnography of qualitative studies examining the experience and meaning of this phenomenon. Since then, new studies eligible for inclusion have been reported, including in Europe, a region not previously featured, and[…]

Suicidal ideation in Spanish and Italian lesbian and gay adults: The role of internalized sexual stigma.

A growing body of research claims that sexual minority individuals have nearly twice the suicidal ideation rate of heterosexual individuals. Method: The main objective of the current study was to test a model wherein internalized sexual stigma (ISS) mediates the association between some gay-related stressors and suicidal ideation. The present cross-sectional survey involved two samples[…]

Factors associated with hospitalization after suicide spectrum behaviors: Results from a multicenter study in Spain.

The objective of this study was to identify factors associated with hospital admission after suicide spectrum behaviors. PatientsÕ characteristics, the nature of the suicidal behavior, admission rates between centers, and factors associated with admission have been examined in suicide spectrum presentations to emergency departments in 3 Spanish cities. The intent of the suicidal behavior had[…]

Poor long-term prognosis in mixed bipolar patients: 10-year outcomes in the Vitoria Prospective Naturalistic Study in Spain.

Objective: There have been few prospective long-term naturalistic studies of patients with mixed episodes of bipolar disorder. The aim of this study was to examine 10-year outcomes in patients with at least 1 mixed episode. Method: A naturalistic sample of bipolar I disorder patients (n=120), representative of bipolar patients treated in a catchment area of[…]

High Affinity 3Himipramine and 3Hparoxetine Binding Sites in Suicide Brains

Specific binding of 3Himipramine & 3Hparoxetine was simultaneously examined in human brains from 11 controls & 11 depressed suicide victims. A single saturable high affinity site was obtained for both radioligands. Age was not related to significant changes in either binding parameter, indicating stability in the brain serotonergic system with increasing age. A significant decrease[…]