Gender differences in suicide rates of municipalities in South Korea: A latent profile analysis by life cycles

Background: South Korea showed the highest suicide rate among the countries in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Aims: This study aimed to discern the profiles of municipalities according to their suicide rates across the life cycle and gender, and then to identify the unique characteristics of each latent group. Method: This study applied a latent profile modeling to […]

Presence and predictors of suicide ideation in a clinical outpatient context

Background: It is of vital importance to study the risk factors associated with suicidal behaviour. The purpose of this study is to analyse the presence of suicide ideation and related factors in an applied clinical environment. Method: A correlative-predictive study is conducted with a sample of 180 adult patients, 64% women, with an average age […]

Are trajectories of social isolation from childhood to mid‑adulthood associated with adult depression or suicide outcomes

Purpose Social isolation has been shown to have negative effects on mental health outcomes though little is known about trajectories across the life course. We examined the relationship between trajectory groups and selected mental health outcomes in mid-adulthood. Methods We previously created a typology of social isolation based on onset during the life course and […]

Parenthood and lower risk of suicide in women and men: The total Swedish population followed across adulthood

Background Previous studies suggest a protective effect of parenthood on suicide, but little is known about how the association may change across the lifespan, or in relation to sex, marital status or occurrence of psychiatric disorders. Methods We followed a cohort of over 5 million Swedish women and men, from 1991 to 2011, up to […]

Suicide among males across the lifespan: An analysis of differences by known mental health status

Introduction Suicide among males is a major public health challenge. In 2019, males accounted for nearly 80% of the suicide deaths in the U.S., and suicide was the eighth leading cause of death for males aged ≥10 years. Males who die by suicide are less likely to have known mental health conditions than females; therefore, […]

The role of context in shaping the relationship between physical health and suicide over the life course

U.S. suicide rates are at a thirty-year high while physical health, as measured by life expectancy and pain, has declined, particularly for those without a college degree. We investigate how these patterns may be related by exploring the role of physical health problems in suicide deaths using 2019 data from the National Violent Death Reporting […]

Is young adulthood a critical period for suicidal behavior among sexual minorities? Results from a US national sample.

The developmental timing of suicide-related disparities between heterosexuals and sexual minorities (i.e., lesbian/gay and bisexual (LGB) people) is an understudied area that has critical prevention implications. In addition to developmentally situated experiences that shape risk for suicidality in the general population, sexual minorities also experience unique social stressors (e.g., anti-LGB stigma) that may alter their […]

Factors associated with suicide in four age groups: A population based study.

Life events and circumstances leading to death change throughout the life course. In this study, 4 age groups within those who have died by suicide are compared in terms method of suicide, sex, occupation, mental disorders, prior suicide attempts, and life events prior to death. Analyses were based on a database of deaths by suicide […]

Does resilience predict suicidality? A lifespan analysis.

In this article, we examine the association between resilience and suicidality across the lifespan. Participants (n = 7485) from the Personality and Total Health (PATH) Through Life Project, a population sample from Canberra and Queanbeyan, Australia, were stratified into three age cohorts (20Ð24, 40Ð44, 60Ð64 years of age). Resilience is associated with suicidality across the […]

Suicide risk at young adulthood: Continuities and discontinuities from adolescence.

Young adult suicide is an important social problem, yet little is known about how risk for young adult suicide develops from earlier life stages. In this study the authors report on 759 young adults who were potential high school dropouts as youth. At both adolescence and young adulthood, measures of suicide risk status and related […]

“It Takes a Community” Report on the Summit on Opportunities for Mental Health Promotion and Suicide Prevention in Senior Living Communities

In October 2008, a meeting was held in Gaithersburg, Maryland regarding opportunities for mental health promotion & suicide prevention in senior living communities. This report provides the proceedings from the meeting. The discussions included topics such as the human cost of untreated mental illness, hearing the voices of residents, suicide in older adults, whole-population approaches […]

Suicide Films About Adolescents (IN: Suicide and the Creative Arts, edited by S Stack & D Lester)

This chapter opens with an extensive discussion of the developmental history of adolescents & factors that may increase their risk of suicide. Adolescent suicides are present in many movies as the central theme or as part of a general theme. Some movies concerning adolescent suicide are reviewed in this chapter, including: Dead Poet’s Society; The […]

The Role of Gender and Sexual Relations for Young People in Identity Construction and Youth Suicide

This paper examines the cultural context of youth suicide, & asks how youth suicide may be related to emerging sexual identity. In particular, it focuses on the situation of young heterosexual women. The findings are based on interviews with 41 young people, parents, & youth service providers. Interviews were semi-structured & open-ended, & included the […]

Why do so Many Latina Teens Attempt Suicide? A Conceptual Model for Research


Suicide Ideation Across Reproductive Life Cycle of Women: Results From a European Epidemiological Study

This study compared suicide ideation among women in the pre-, peri-, & post-menopause using a cross-sectional household survey of non-institutionalized adults from 6 European countries. 8794 out of 21,425 respondents provided data. To use men as a comparison group, 3 different groups of males were defined based on the mean age of the female groups. […]

The Changing Gender Ratio in Occurrence of Deliberate Self-Harm Across the Lifecycle


The Effect of Life Transitions on Suicide in the Elderly

This document is an extended abstract submitted for possible presentation at the annual meeting of the Population Association of America. The authors studied the social determinants & life course transitions that may contribute to the tendency toward suicide among different age subgroups, & consequently, different cohorts of older adults.

Effective Communication With Bereaved Child Survivors of Suicide


Suicide in Preadolescents: who is at Risk?

Suicidal behavior (ie, thoughts and attempts) in children is an issue of serious concern. In the past, suicide in young children has been largely denied and ignored. However, this is no longer possible, as accumulating evidence supports the existence of suicidal thoughts and actions in preadolescent children. This article explores suicidal behavior in preadolescent children […]

The Value of Forgetting Suicidal Thoughts and Behavior


Suicide as Goal-directed Action


Studying Suicide From the Life Course Perspective: Implications for Prevention

Suicide risk is influenced not only by factors such as the cultural acceptability of suicide, the ease of availability of lethal suicide methods, help-seeking behaviours in times of crisis, & access to effective treatments following self-harm. Suicide prevention programs might usefully focus on 2 discrete areas: the prevention of psychiatric illnesses that precede suicide & […]

Suicide Risk and Hostage/Barricade Situations Involving Older Persons