Background: There are limited data on suicidal behaviour in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). This study aimed to evaluate several aspects affecting suicidality in OCD patients and determine whether impulsivity or hostility are associated with suicide attempts in this vulnerable group. Methods: Eighty-one patients with OCD were assessed by structured clinical interview for DSM-IV (SCID I), Yale-Brown Obsessive–Compulsive Scale […]
The mediating roles of hostility and dissociation in the relationship between sexual assault and suicidal thinking in college students.
Sexual assault and suicide are two serious public health concerns. Research has documented the relationship between sexual assault and suicidal thinking and attempts; however, limited research explores the more multifaceted relationships between posttraumatic stress reactions and suicidal ideation in college students through unsuccessful modulation of emotion. The authors hypothesized a mediation model where the relationship […]
Melancholic features and hostility are associated with suicidality risk in Asian patients with major depressive disorder.
Background Suicide rates are higher in East-Asians than other populations, and especially high in Koreans. However, little is known about suicidality risk and melancholic features in Asian patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). Method Drug-free MDD outpatients were included from 13 centers across five ethnicities consisting of Chinese (n=290), Korean (n=101), Thai (n=102), Indian (n=27), […]
See SIEC #2010-0798 for the McGirr et al article.
Hostility and Suicide: the Experience of Aggression From Within and Without(IN: Relating to Self-Harm and Suicide. Psychoanalytic Perspectives on Practice, Theory and Prevention, ed. by S Briggs, A Lemma and W Crouch)
Cluster C Personality Disorders in Major Depressive Episodes: the Relationship Between Hostility and Suicidal Behavior
Depressed inpatients with & without Cluster C Personality Disorders were compared in terms of suicidal behaviour & associated psychopathology. Depressed inpatients with pure Cluster C Personality Disorders had higher levels of suicide ideation but not more previous suicide attempts. Greater suicide ideation in these patients was associated with more hostility. Future studies may clarify whether […]
This article reviews evidence suggesting impulsive-aggressive traits are part of a developmental cascade increasing suicide risk among a subset of suicides. These personality traits, which do not appear to be a consequence of psychiatric disorder, seem to play a larger role among younger suicides & may mediate familial transmission of suicidal behaviour. However, not all […]
Erotism, Aggression and Suicide Therapeutic Implications (IN: Science and Psychoanalysis, ed. by J H Masserman)
This study investigated the perceptions of adolescents concerning the relationship between chronic peer abuse & suicidal behaviour. The author argued that chronic peer abuse is an additional risk for adolescents suicidal behaviour. The results of the study upheld this contention & also generated important evidence that bystander perceptions supported victims’ views. (50 refs)
Dimensions of Impulsivity and Aggression Associated With Suicide Attempts Among Bipolar Patients: a Preliminary Study
In this study, the authors assessed trait impulsivity & hostility among 52 DSM-IV bipolar subjects with & without histories of suicide attempts. Impulsivity & hostility were correlated among attempters, but not non-attempters. Attempters had significantly higher levels of overall hostility, more extensive subcomponents of hostility, & a trend toward higher overall impulsivity. Associations between lifetime […]
2 models, the hostility & anxiety reduction models, were simultaneously tested in order to determine whether self-mutilation (SM) in adolescence was characterized by greater feelings of anxiety & hostility. 61 students who indicated that they hurt themselves as well as a comparison group of non-SM students completed the Hostility & Direction of Hostility Questionnaire, the […]
Viewing borderline personality disorder (BPD) as a “high risk” disorder, the authors investigated whether childhood abuse was a risk factor for adult suicidal behavior or if it was related to other known risk factors for suicide in BPD. They found that occurrence & severity of childhood sexual abuse, but not physical abuse, predicted adult suicidal […]
Life events in 82 self-poisoning subjects were studied using the Bedford Collefe LEDS to see whether there was a difference between those who had a clear depressive syndrome (according to the Present State Examination) & the remainder. Greatest number of life events were found in those with high levels of extrapunitiveness, whereas those who had […]
Hostility & depression were examined in male psychiatric patients who exhibited either assaultive or suicide-attempting behavior. Both groups were compared to a sample of nonviolent males to provide a basis for interpreting the magnitude of these variables in relation to their violent behavior. Both suicide-attempting & assaultive patients were characterized by high levels of hostility […]
Dysphoric Adolescents as Young Adults: a Prospective Study of the Psychological Sequelae of Depressed Mood in Adolescence
The longitudinal implications of age-18 dysphoric mood were evaluated in 87 23-year-old young adults, using a prospective multi-informant design. Elevated initial CES-D (Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression)scores were found to predict chronic depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation in both genders. The results indicate that adolescent dysphoric mood is an important predictor of psychological distress in young […]
The Relevance of Anxiety and Aggression for the Suicidality of Students: a Content Analytical Approach (IN: Suicidal Behaviour in Europe: Recent Research Findings, edited by P Crepet et al)
This study analyzes aggression & anxiety in the definition or prediction of suicide criteria among students. Utilizing content analysis, the communications of 120 students who contacted a psychotherapeutic counselling center in an university were examined. Results indicate that the most significant verbal expressions appeared in the definition of suicide ideas. Inward-directed hostility seemed predominant. The […]