Coping and suicide in college students: Does being optimistic matter?

Background: Transitioning to college life in young adulthood can represent a challenging developmental period and college students are at heightened risk for engaging in suicidality. Aims: We aimed to investigate the roles dispositional optimism and coping strategies play in suicide risk (viz., suicidality) and suicide protection (viz., reasons for living) in college students. Method: A sample of 252 American college […]

Self-disgust and tis relationship with lifetime suicidal ideation and behavior: Results from a cross-sectional, internet-based survey

Background: The emotion disgust is typically directed toward stimuli in the external environment, but sometimes people develop self-directed disgust responses. Aims: The current questionnaire study focused on the role of self-disgust in lifetime suicidal ideation and behavior. Method: A total of 1,167 individuals participated in an Internet-based survey containing self-report measures of self-disgust, externally directed disgust proneness, coping styles, diagnoses […]

The mediating role of coping self-efficacy in Hope Box use and suicidal ideation severity

In this study, we examined the indirect effect of the Virtual Hope Box (VHB) smartphone application on suicidal ideation, mediated through coping self-efficacy. A total of 117 veterans with suicidal ideation completed measures on coping self-efficacy and suicidal ideation at baseline and weeks 3, 6, and 12. Participants were randomly assigned to either the VHB […]

Cognitive, emotional, temperament, and personality trait correlates of suicidal behavior.

Suicide is one of the leading causes of violent death in many countries and its prevention is included in worldwide health objectives. Currently, the DSM-5 considers suicidal behavior as an entity that requires further study. Among the three validators required for considering a psychiatric disorder, there is one based on psychological correlates, biological markers, and […]

Childhood adversity, perceived discrimination, and coping strategies in relation to depressive symptoms among First Nations adults in Canada: The moderating role of unsupportive social interactions from ingroup and outgroup members.

Aboriginal peoples are at greater risk of experiencing early life adversity relative to non-Aboriginal peoples in Canada, and as adults frequently experience high levels of discrimination that act as a further stressor. Although these factors appear to contribute to high rates of depressive disorders and suicidality in Aboriginal peoples, the psychosocial factors that contribute to […]

Coping with suicidal thoughts.

There are times in life when we might feel totally, hopeless, helpless, overwhelmed with emotional pain. It can seem like there is no other way out of our problems, we’ve run out of ideas, possible solutions. Our problems seem unfixable. The pain feels like it will never end. We believe we’ve run out of options, […]

Coping card usage can further reduce suicide reattempt in suicide attempter case management within 3-month intervention.

This randomized controlled trial was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of using crisis coping cards (n = 32) in the case management of suicide prevention compared with case management without the use of coping cards (n = 32) over a 3-month intervention period. The generalized estimating equation was used to examine the interaction effect between […]

Safety Plan Treatment Manual to Reduce Suicide Risk: Veteran Version

This manual describes a brief clinical intervention, safety planning, that can serve as a valuable adjunct to risk assessment & may be used with veterans who have attempted suicide, have suicide ideation, have psychiatric disorders that increase suicide risk, or who are otherwise determined to be at high risk for suicide. The purpose of the […]

Men who Were Sexually Abused in Childhood and Subsequent Suicidal Ideation: Community Comparison, Explanations and Practice Implications

This study draws on a clinical sample of 147 Australian men who were sexually abused in childhood, of whom 39 also gave open-ended interviews, & comparisons are made with a community sample of 1,231 men. It was found the sexually abused men were up to 10 times more likely to report suicide ideation than the […]

Exposure to Human Tragedy, Empathy, and Trauma in Ambulance Paramedics

Paramedics are exposed to events involving human pain & suffering on a daily basis. At times, certain circumstances lead workers to develop an emotional connection with the victim or his or her family. When this occurs, paramedics report increased symptoms of traumatic stress. One of the coping strategies described in these circumstances is to manage […]

Religious Beliefs, Coping Skills and Responsibility to Family as Factors Protecting Against Deliberate Self-Harm

This study examined whether religious beliefs, coping skills, & responsibility to family serve as factors protecting against deliberate self-harm in Sabah, Malaysia. A cross-sectional comparative study assessed deliberate self-harm hospital patients admitted during December 2006-April 2007. 42 patients were matched with 42 controls. There were significant differences in religious beliefs & responsibility to family between […]

Suicide and the Air Force Mental Health Provider: Frequency and Impact

The authors reviewed data from 97 active duty Air Force mental health providers who responded to an anonymous survey. 48% of the providers had experienced a patient’s suicide. One-third of them reported a sense of responsibility for that patient’s death. More than 20% reported significant emotional or behavioural changes following the death. Many providers experienced […]

Stress in Irish Dentists: Developing Effective Coping Strategies

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Coping With Thoughts of Suicide: Techniques Used by Consumers of Mental Health Services

This study examines how individuals with serious mental illness & a history of suicidal behaviour cope with suicidal thoughts. 198 participants from 14 regional consumer-run Hope Dialogues in New York State wrote up to 5 strategies they use to deal with suicide ideation. Strategies were classified according to grounded theory. First responses included spirituality, talking […]

Identification of Violent Fantasies in Computer-Based Content (In: Suicide and Law Enforcement, edited by D C Sheehan & J I Warren)

This chapter suggests that the violent video games written by Eric Harris (one of the Columbine High School shooters) represented an externalization of his mindset. Computer games allow for the creation of individual scenarios & a self-destructive game may be created. Access to these scenarios may prevent suicidal or violent behaviour. They may be profiled […]

Police Humor in Suicide Investigation (In: Suicide and Law Enforcement, edited by D C Sheehan & J I Warren)

Humour is a highly specialized psychological response to the stress of human tragedy. This chapter reports personal observations of police humour encountered in more than 2500 suicide investigations; describes the red, yellow, greeen, & white zones of primitive, immature, adolescent, & mature humour; relates these zones to officer maturity; gives examples of each zone, & […]

Impact on Crisis Negotiators of Suicide by a Suspect (In: Suicide and Law Enforcement, edited by D C Sheehan & J I Warren)

Crisis negotiators in California who had been involved in the past 5 years in incidents in which the suspect died by suicide completed a questionnaire & provided information about: anxiety symptoms during the incident; formal support afterwards; informal support from co-workers, supervisors, administrators, & investigators; long-term effects of the incident in the form of posttrauamtic […]

Victim-Precipitated Homcide: Incident and Aftermath (In: Suicide and Law Enforcement, edited by D C Sheehan & J I Warren)

This chapter presents & discusses a set of training materials for police departments aimed at helping police officers cope with victim-precipitated homicide. Materials focus on providing officers with a range of intervention strategies to attempt to reduce the risk associated with these situations for both the officer & the perpetrator. These strategies are intended to […]

The Socioeconomic Aetiology of Suicide Mortality in Russia

The socioeconomic aetiology of suicide mortality was analyzed for a large set of Russian regions. Suicide rates were statistically accounted for by transition-related stressors such as hyperinflation & severe economic depression. A deficiency of coping resources – lacking economic activities of the regional populations – turned out to be the strongest explanatory variable. Heavy binge […]

Comparison of Non-Suicidal Self-Injurious Behavior and Suicide Attempts in Patients Admitted to a Psychiatric Crisis Unit

This study examined differences in personality, coping skills, & select psychopathology symptoms in Belgian psychiatric patients with & without non-suicidal self-injury &/or suicide attempts. Data was collected in a sample of 128 psychiatric patients by means of self-report questionnaires. Results support a continuum of self-harm such that patients with both non-suicidal self-injury & suicide attempts […]

Negative Intrusive Thoughts and Dissociation as Risk Factors for Self-Harm

Relationships between self-harm & vulnerability factors were studied in a general population of 432 participants, of whom 30% reported some experience of self-harm. This group scored higher on dissociation & childhood trauma, had lower self-worth, & reported more negative intrusive thoughts. Among the non-harming group, 10% scored similarly to the self-harmers on the dissociation & […]

Suicide Attempts by Adolescent Latinas: an Exploratory Study of Individual and Family Correlates

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The Relationship of Physical Discipline and Psychological Maltreatment in Childhood to the use of Dysfunctinal Tension-Reducing Behaviors in Adulthood: the Mediating Role of Self-Capacities

The utility of Self-Trauma Theory for explaining the long-term impact of the experience of childhood physical discipline &/or psychological maltreatment was examined. Specifically, the self-capacities of interpersonal relatedness, identity, & affect regulation were tested as mediators of the impact of child maltreatment on different tension-reducing behaviours in adulthood: substance use, aggression, & suicidality. Heirarchical regression […]