Suicide rates in Nordic prisons 2000-2016

Objective
To compare suicide rates of people in prison and the general population in the Nordic countries.
Methods
Data on deaths by suicide and person-years for people in prison and the general population were obtained for the Nordic countries during 2000–2016. Age-standardized rate ratios were calculated.
Results
The suicide rate[…]

A new national suicide prevention programme in Finland

Suicide prevention requires enhancing the efficiency of current activities and the introduction of new approaches. Therefore, a new suicide prevention programme has been put into action, starting this year. Its key message is the following: 1) the attitudes of those encountering persons who have attempted suicide must be transformed to ensure that no one who[…]

Suicide mortality and use of psychotropic drugs in patients hospitalized due to bipolar disorder: A Finnish nationwide cohort study

Background
Knowledge on the comparative effectiveness of pharmacological treatments to prevent suicide mortality in bipolar disorder is still lacking.
Methods
We studied the risk of suicide mortality during 1996–2012 among all patients who had been hospitalized due to bipolar disorder in Finland (n = 18,018; mean follow-up time 7.2 years) using nation-wide databases. We[…]

Excess mortality, causes of death and life expectancy in 270,770 patients with recent onset of mental disorders in Denmark, Finland and Sweden.

To investigate the excess mortality in different diagnostic categories due to suicide and other external causes of death, and due to specific causes in connection with diseases and medical conditions. The life expectancy was generally approximately 15 years shorter for women and 20 years shorter for men, compared to the general population.

Gender differences in comorbidity of conduct disorder among adolescents in Northern Finland.

As compared to boys with conduct disorder (CD), suicidality (including suicidal ideation and behaviour) was significantly more commonly the cause of hospitalization among girls with CD. Among somatic conditions, there was a significant predominance in self-reported allergies among girls. Girls had more often diagnosed comorbid post-traumatic stress disorder and marginally significantly more major depressive disorder.[…]

Mechanical restraint in adolescent psychiatry: a Finnish Register study.

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Risk Factors and Pathways Leading to Suicide With Special Focus in Schizophrenia: The Northern Finland 1966 Birth Cohort Study

This study investigated risk factors, developmental pathways, & the rate of attempted or completed suicide in a longitudinal population-based prospective birth cohort in Finland. Data was collected prospectively for 10,934 individuals, born in 1966, & alive & resident in Finland at age 16. A total of 121 suicide attempts & 69 suicides had occurred by[…]

Increased premature mortality of competitive powerlifters suspected to have used anabolic steroids

Misuse of supraphysiological doses of anabolic steroids is claimed to have serious side effects. The aim of the study was to determine the mortality, and the cause of premature deaths among a group of subjects who are strongly suspected to have used anabolic steroids for a non-medical purpose over several years. The mortality of 62[…]

Incidence and Predictors of Suicide Attempts in DSM-IV Major Depressive Disorder: a Five-Year Prospective Study

Prospective information on 249 patients enrolled in the Vantaa Depression Study was available to investigate time spent in depressive states & the timing of suicide attempts. During the follow-up assessment period, there were 106 suicide attempts per 1,018 patient-years. The incidence rate per 1,000 patient-years during major depressive episodes was 21-fold & it was 4-fold[…]

The Attitudes of Emergency Staff Toward Attempted Suicide Patients. A Comparative Study Before and After Establishment of a Psychiatric Consultation Service

This study compared the attitudes of Finnish emergency room staff in a general hospital toward patients who had attempted suicide before & after establishment of a psychiatric consultation service. Attitudes were measured on the Understanding Suicidal Patients Scale. 100 participants returned the questionnaire. General understanding & willingness to nurse patients who attempted suicide did not[…]