Interpersonal precipitants are associated with suicide intent communication among United States Air Force suicide decedents

Few studies explore differences between suicide intent communicators and noncommunicators, and to date, none have examined the association between suicide precipitants and intent communication.
United States Air Force suicide decedents (N = 236) were categorized as suicide intent communicators or non-communicators within 30 days prior to death. The top two frequently occurring[…]

Evidence for underregistration of suicide: Case report

In this case report, we will present two cases in which the Dutch municipal coroner registered a natural death, but treating psychiatrists doubted the validity of this decision on the grounds of clinical data and investigation. For both cases, we present evidence that deaths likely resulted from suicide, raising serious doubts about the accuracy of[…]

Suicides and deaths of undetermined intent by poisoning: Reexamination of classification differences by race/ethnicity and state

This study examined differences by race/ethnicity and state in poisoning deaths of undetermined intent (UnD) versus suicide classification and the potential impact of state variations on UnD rates for Blacks and Hispanics. We used data from the 2005-2015 U.S. National Violent Death Reporting System (N = 29,567 aged 15+) and weighted coarsened exact matching. The odds[…]

Deciphering suicide and other manners of death associated with drug intoxification: A Centers for Disease Control and prevention consultation meeting summary

Manner of death (MOD) classification (i.e., natural, accident, suicide, homicide, or undetermined cause) affects mortality surveillance and public health research, policy, and practice. Determination of MOD in deaths caused by drug intoxication is challenging, with marked variability across states. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention hosted a multidisciplinary meeting to discuss drug intoxication deaths[…]

Counting suicides and making suicide count as a public health problem

Relatively few countries credibly count their dead. Thus, differential sophistication as well as sociopolitical and economic support of healthcare and systems to investigate deaths inevitably leave a large gulf between richer and poorer countries in accurately registering manner and cause of death. And when suicide is in question, the variable stigma of self-harm combined with[…]

Public perceptions of firearm- and non-firearm-related violent death in the United States: A national study

Background: Persons tend to estimate the likelihood of events, such as the risk for homicide versus suicide, in proportion to the ease with which they can retrieve examples of these incidents from memory (1). Because the recency of personal experience and media coverage can influence this retrieval (1–3), misperceptions about the relative frequency of suicide versus[…]

Distinctive injury deaths: The role of environment, policy and measurement across states.

Background Maps identifying the most distinctive feature of each state have become popular on social media, but may also have important public health applications. A map identifying the most distinctive injury death in each state could be a useful tool for policymakers, enabling them to identify potential gaps in prevention efforts.
Objective To identify the most[…]

Deaths due to use of lethal force by law enforcement: Findings from the National Violent Death Reporting System, 17 U.S. States, 2009-2012.

Several high-profile cases in the U.S. have drawn public attention to the use of lethal force by law enforcement (LE), yet research on such fatalities is limited. Using data from a public health surveillance system, this study examined the characteristics and circumstances of these violent deaths to inform prevention. METHODS:
All fatalities[…]

Five years of investigations April 1, 2012-March 31, 2017: Summary report.

Between April 1, 2012 and March 31, 2017, 255 serious injuries or deaths of young people were reported to the Advocate. Three of these notifications involved young people subject to a Courtesy Supervision Agreement or Medical Treatment Order and will not be included in this analysis. This means that we will be looking at 252 notifications.[…]

Gender and age differences in suicide mortality in the context of violent death: Findings from a multi-state population-based surveillance system.

Males are more likely than females to die by all forms of violent death, including suicide. The primary purpose of the present study was to explore whether the gender difference in suicide rates is largely accounted for by males’ general greater tendency to experience violent deaths. The current study examined gender and age[…]