Year: 2020 Source: Archives of Suicide Research. (2020). 24(sup2), S264-S281. DOI: 10.1080/13811118.2019.1592042 SIEC No: 20200919

This study examined differences by race/ethnicity and state in poisoning deaths of undetermined intent (UnD) versus suicide classification and the potential impact of state variations on UnD rates for Blacks and Hispanics. We used data from the 2005-2015 U.S. National Violent Death Reporting System (N = 29,567 aged 15+) and weighted coarsened exact matching. The odds of UnD classification were 7-10 times higher in the 5 highest UnD states (Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, Utah, and Rhode Island) than in other states. Blacks in these 5 states had twice the odds of Whites of being classified as UnDs than suicides, but had lower odds in other states. Other significant UnD classification factors were opioid and cocaine positive toxicologies.