Examination of the geographic parameters of suicide: A historical comparison study of Ontario and Alberta

Within Canada, suicide rates vary by province which may be attributed to several factors which have been studied. A longitudinal study examining social factors such as birth, divorce and marriage rates from 1950 to1990 found a positive correlation between divorce rates and suicide rates and “a negative association between birth rates and suicide rates”. Other[…]

Trends and factors associated with suicide deaths in older adults in Ontario, Canada

Background: Suicide in older adults is a significant overlooked problem worldwide. This is especially true in Canada where a national suicide prevention strategy has not been established. Methods: Using linked health-care administrative databases, this population-level study (2011 to 2015) described the incidence of older adult suicide (aged 65+), and identified clinical and socio-demographic factors associated[…]

Suicides in young people in Ontario following the release of “13 Reasons Why”

Objective: “13 Reasons Why,” a Netflix series, included a controversial depiction of suicide that has raised fears about possible contagion. Studies of youth suicide in the United States found an increase on the order of 10% following release of the show, but this has not been replicated in other countries. This study aims to begin to[…]

Prevalence and correlates of youth suicidal ideation and attempts: Evidence from the 2014 Ontario Child Health Study

Objectives:
To present the 12-month prevalence and correlates of suicidal ideation and attempts in a sample of youth in Ontario.
Methods:
Data come from the 2014 Ontario Child Health Study, a provincially representative survey of families with children in Ontario. Youth aged 14 to 17 y (n = 2,396) completed a computer-assisted, self-administered[…]

Examining the association between suicidal behaviors and referral for mental health services among children involved in the child welfare system in Ontario, Canada

Although various studies have investigated factors associated with mental health service utilization, few studies have examined factors associated with referral for mental health services among maltreated children. The objective of this study was to examine the association between suicidal thoughts and self-harming behavior and referral for mental health services among children involved in the Child[…]

Suicide-related Twitter content in response to a national mental health awareness campaign and the association between the campaign and suicide rates in Ontario

Objective: Mental health awareness (MHA) campaigns have been shown to be successful in improving mental health literacy, decreasing stigma, and generating public discussion. However, there is a dearth of evidence regarding the effects of these campaigns on behavioral outcomes such as suicides. Therefore, the objective of this article is to characterize the association between the event[…]

Firearm-related injuries and deaths in Ontario, Canada, 2002-2016: A population-based study

BACKGROUND: Firearm-related injury is an important and preventable cause of death and disability. We describe the burden, baseline characteristics and regional rates of firearm-related injury and death in Ontario.
METHODS: We conducted a population-based cross-sectional study using linked data from health administrative data sets held at ICES. We identified residents of Ontario of all ages who[…]

Evaluation of Talk Today, a program of the Canadian Mental Health Association, Ontario Division: Part A Report

McGill’s Faculty of Education began a collaboration with the Canadian Mental Health Association, Ontario Division in 2018 to evaluate their Talk Today program. The present report details the Talk Today program designed by CMHA Ontario and is a comprehensive mental health program aimed at promoting and spreading awareness of mental health for young athletes. Additionally,[…]

Trends of intentional drug overdose among youth: A population-based cohort study

Background: Intentional overdose is the commonest form of self-harm in adolescents globally. We explored temporal trends in intentional overdose among youth. Methods: Using multiple linked healthcare databases, we conducted a population-based cohort study in Ontario, Canada, from 2002 to 2015. We included all patients aged 8 to 19 years who presented to an emergency department (ED) or were[…]

Changing rates of self-harm and mental disorders by sex in youths presenting to Ontario emergency departments: Repeated cross-sectional study

Objective:
To document the rates of intentional self-harm and mental disorders among youths aged 13 to 17 years visiting Ontario emergency departments (EDs) from 2003-2017.
Methods:
This was a repeated cross-sectional observational design. Outcomes were rates of adolescents with (1) at least 1 self-harm ED visit and (2) a visit with a[…]