Differences between patterns of suicide in East Asia and the West: The importance of sociocultural factors

BJECTIVE: To compare suicide rates and characteristics in East Asian and Western countries. METHOD: Data from five East Asian jurisdictions and five English-speaking Western countries were obtained from national offices responsible for collection of statistics. Data were graphed to demonstrate differences between East Asian and Western age patterns of suicide. Relevant literature was reviewed, including […]

Perceived discrimination and suicide ideation: Moderating roles of anxiety symptoms and ethnic identity among Asian American, African American, and Hispanic emerging adults

Suicide is a leading cause of death for vulnerable ethnic minority emerging adults in the United States (Web‐based injury statistics query and reporting system [WISQARS], 2015). Perceived discrimination (Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 40, 2011, 1465) and anxiety symptoms (Asian American Journal of Psychology, 1, 2010, 18) are two predictors that are theoretically and conceptually related, but […]

Elderly suicide with and without a history of suicidal behavior: Implications for suicide prevention and management.


Nonsuicidal self-injury in Asian versus Caucasian university students: Who, how, and why?


Clinical and psychosocial profiles of Asian immigrants who repeatedly attempt suicide: A mixed-method study of risk and protective factors.

Journal held in CSP Library.

A mediation model of professional psychological help seeking for suicide ideation among Asian American and white American college students.

Relative to White Americans, Asian Americans were advised by fewer people (especially fewer family members) to seek professional help, which was, in turn, associated with lower rates of professional psychological help seeking for suicide ideation. These findings underscore the importance of gatekeeping as a suicide prevention strategy for Asian American college students.

Predictors of Asian American adolescents’ suicide attempts: a latent class regression analysis.

Although suicide-related outcomes among Asian American adolescents are a serious public health problem in the United States, research in this area has been relatively sparse. To address this gap in the empirical literature, this study examined subgroups of Asian American adolescents for whom family, school, and peer relationships exerted differential effects on suicide attempts. Data […]

South Asians in college counseling.

The goal of this article is to provide information on the assessment and treatment of South Asian college students for mental health practitioners. We provide a brief historical review of the cultures from which these students come and the process of migration to the United States and also make recommendations for work with these students […]

Moderation effects of perfectionism and discrimination on interpersonal factors and suicide ideation.

This study examined the moderating effects of 3 risk factors-perfectionistic personal discrepancy, perfectionistic family discrepancy, and discrimination-on the associations between interpersonal risk factors (i.e., perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness) and suicide ideation in a sample of 466 Asian international students studying in the United States. We focused specifically on perceived discrimination and maladaptive perfectionism as […]

The “model minority” victim: immigration, gender, and Asian American vulnerabilities to violence at school.

Although previous research has demonstrated that immigration and gender may be related to victimization within U.S. schools, this study explores how immigration and gender are related to the victimization of Asian American youth within U.S. schools. Multilevel analyses that draw from the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 suggest some important results. For instance, Asian American […]

Melancholic features and hostility are associated with suicidality risk in Asian patients with major depressive disorder.

Background Suicide rates are higher in East-Asians than other populations, and especially high in Koreans. However, little is known about suicidality risk and melancholic features in Asian patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). Method Drug-free MDD outpatients were included from 13 centers across five ethnicities consisting of Chinese (n=290), Korean (n=101), Thai (n=102), Indian (n=27), […]

Asian American mental health: a call to action.


HIV risk, substance use, and suicidal behaviors among Asian American lesbian and bisexual women.

The authors examined the association between lesbian/bisexual identity and three risky health behaviors (HIV risk, substance use, and suicidal behaviors) in a sample of Asian American women. This cross-sectional study was designed to investigate the prevalence of HIV risk behaviors and mental health functioning among unmarried Chinese, Korean, and Vietnamese women ages 18 to 35 […]

Mental illness and suicide in British South Asian adults.

South Asians make up about 5% of the UK population. Their rates for mental illness and suicide have been shown by some researchers to be rather lower than that of the total UK population, using a variety of measures, and considering many psychiatric conditions. This paper reviews the literature on the extent of mental illness […]

Impulsive but Fatal Self-Poisoning With Pesticides Among South Asians in Nickerie, Suriname: an Exploratory Autopsy Study

The circumstances & characteristics of suicides in Nickerie, Suriname are described in order to gain insight into why South Asians commonly use self-poisoning. An exploratory psychological autopsy study was conducted with 19 survivors of 13 suicides. Impulsivity plays an important role in self-poisnonings, as well as aggression & easy accessibility of pesticides. Possible answers to […]

Suicide and Attempted Suicide Among South Asians in England: who is at Risk?

Evidence suggests differences & similarities in patterns of suicide & attempted suicide between South Asians & the general English population. Among South Asians, the excess of females among both suicides & attempted suicides in even more marked; the traditional view of a strong family structure among Asians is confirmed, although cultural conflicts between generations is […]

Exploring the Validity of the College Student Reasons for Living Inventory Among Asian American College Students

The cultural validity of the College Student Reasons for Living Inventory was examined with a sample of 314 Asian American college students. Although results did not completely replicate the 6-factor structure as identified by Westefeld et al (1992), partial support was found. The content of the 5 factors that emerged corresponded to 5 of the […]

Ethnic Differences in Suicidal Ideation and Attempts

This article provides an update on the relationship between ethnicity & suicide ideation & attempts. It reviews the rates of suicide ideation & attempts across ethnic groups in the Untied States as well as the risk factors associated with suicide attempts in each ethnic group. Findings from published studies underscore the need to conduct large […]

Cultural Considerations in Adolescent Suicide Prevention and Psychological Treatment


Correlates of Suicidal Behaviors Among Asian Americans

This study examines the correlates of suicide ideation, suicide plan, & suicide attempt among Asian Americans, focusing on nativity & gender. The sample comprised 998 adult men & 1,097 adult women. Analysis of weighted lifetime prevalence of suicidal behaviours revealed that United States-born Asian American women had a higher prevalence of suicide ideation & suicide […]

Suicide Rates in People of South Asian Origin in England and Wales: 1993-2003

This study calculated the South Asian origin population suicide rates & assessed changes over time using new technology. Suicide rates in England & Wales were calculated using the South Asian Name & Group Recognition Algorithm (SANGRA) computer software. The age-standardized suicide rate for men of South Asian origin was lower than other men in England […]

Suicide Among Racial and Ethnic Minority Groups: Theory, Research, and Practice

This edited book includes chapters on: a cross-cultural theory of suicide; theories of suicide; suicide among African Americans; suicide risk in Hispanic adolescents; suicide among Asian Americans; suicide in indigenous peoples; suicide in Native American communities; prevention in American ethnic minority populations; testing & assessment; ethnic considerations in intervention & treatment with suicidal people; clinical […]

Cultural Diversity and Suicide: Ethnic, Religious, Gender, and Sexual Orientation Perspectives

This book is intended for clinicians & researchers who want to increase their consideration of cultural issues when working with suicidal clients or doing research in this area. The introduction discusses how culture affects suicide, suicide throughout history, definitions, risk indicators, assessment, prevention, crisis intervention, & counselling & psychotherapeutic approaches. The remaining chapters in the […]