Thwarted interpersonal needs mediate the relation between facets of mindfulness and suicide ideation among psychiatric inpatients.
Roush, J.F., Mitchell, S.M., Brown, S.L., & Cukrowicz, K.C.
Previous research suggests a negative association between mindfulness and suicide ideation, yet limited research has examined the specific role of mindfulness on suicide ideation or attempted to link this construct with theory-driven risk factors for suicide among high-risk individuals. The current study examined the mediating role of thwarted interpersonal needs (i.e., thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness) in the relation between facets of mindfulness and suicide ideation among psychiatric inpatients. Participants were 118 psychiatric inpatients who completed self-report assessments of mindfulness, thwarted belongingness, perceived burdensomeness, and suicide ideation. Results indicated that the additive effect of thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness mediated the relation between the act with awareness, non-judging, and non-reactivity mindfulness facets, and suicide ideation. Facets of mindfulness appear to be differentially related to thwarted interpersonal needs and subsequent suicide ideation. Continued examination of specific facets of mindfulness, as they relate to suicide ideation, may highlight potentially important distinctions and better inform suicide risk assessment and treatment.