Sexual orientation and the integrated motivational-volitional model of suicidal behavior: Results from a cross-sectional study of young adults in the United Kingdom

Sexual orientation minority (i.e., lesbian, gay, bisexual, queer, and other; LGBQ+) persons represent a vulnerable population with respect to suicide-related behavior. An emerging theory of suicide, the Integrated Motivational-Volitional Model of Suicide (IMV), is utilized in the present study to examine sexual orientation, as well as a number of other IMV-defined pre-motivational factors (i.e., demographics,[…]

Risk factors for suicide and suicide attempts among patients with treatment-resistant depression: Nested case-control study

The risk of suicide is elevated among patients with treatment-resistant depression (TRD). Risk factors for suicide and suicide attempts among cases and controls with TRD were investigated using data from nationwide Swedish registers. Among 119,407 antidepressant initiators with a diagnosis of depression, 15,631 patients who started a third sequential treatment trial during the same depressive[…]

Prevalence of moderate and acute suicidal ideation among a national sample of tribal college and university students 2014-2015

To examine the relationship between suicide risk and hazardous drinking, depression, and anxiety, adjusting for demographics, among tribal college students across the United States. Methods. We invited tribal college students enrolled in 22 tribal colleges from fall 2014 and 2015 to participate in the Creating Campus Change study, a cross-sectional online/paper survey assessing alcohol use[…]

Big five personality clusters in relation to nonsuicidal self-injury

Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a complex behavior that serves many functions and may be motivated by several factors. Although previously limited to the context of personality disorders, consideration of how general personality traits might be related to NSSI warrants examination. Our aims were to investigate whether clusters based upon the Big Five personality traits exist[…]

Testing the integrated motivational-volitional model of suicidal behavior in Chinese adolescents

The integrated motivational-volitional model of suicidal behavior (IMV; O’Connor & Kirtley, 2018) integrates some key factors of suicidal behavior (e.g., defeat and entrapment) to explain the development of suicidal ideation and suicidal attempts. This study aimed to empirically test this model in a sample of Chinese adolescents. A number of 1,239 Chinese adolescents (679 girls; Mage = 14.07, SD = 1.54)[…]

Aggressive worriers: How aggression moderates the association between intolerance of uncertainty and suicidal desire constructs

Suicide is a public health concern and has been the tenth leading cause of death in the United States since 2008. The Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicidal Behavior is an empirically supported model of suicide. The theory posits that thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness examine the individual’s perceived connectedness to others around them and together create[…]

Object-based learning and well-being: Exploring material connections

Object-Based Learning and Well-Being provides the first explicit analysis of the combined learning and well-being benefits of working with material culture and curated collections. Following on from the widely acclaimed Engaging the Senses, this volume explicitly explores the connection between the value of material culture for both learning and well-being. Bringing together experts and practitioners from eight[…]

Investigating viewership of season 3 of “13 Reasons Why” and the mental wellness of adolescents: Partially randomized preference trial

Background: A conflicting body of research suggests that additional investigation is needed to understand how globally watched television shows featuring social and mental health issues, such as 13 Reasons Why, might affect adolescents’ mental wellness. Objective: This study aims to investigate adolescents’ viewership of the third season of the Netflix drama 13 Reasons Why (13RW-3)[…]

Identifying socio-demographic risk factors for suicide using data on an individual level

Background
Suicide is a complex issue. Due to the relative rarity of the event, studies into risk factors are regularly limited by sample size or biased samples. The aims of the study were to find risk factors for suicide that are robust to intercorrelation, and which were based on a large and unbiased sample.[…]

Harnessing quality improvement and implementation science to support the implementation of suicide prevention practices in juvenile detention

Suicide is the second leading cause of death among 10- to 25-year-olds, and suicidal behavior is four times more likely among youth who enter juvenile justice settings. The current quality improvement work aimed to improve the use of suicide prevention practices in a behavioral health unit within a juvenile detention center and was informed by[…]