Not okay? Okay: A roadmap back from the brink

In Not Okay? Okay. combat veteran and suicide survivor Sheridan Taylor chronicles the anguish and rage he experienced in the darkest depths of despair, and he shares the process and triumph of fighting his way out. After a lifetime enduring pain and discovering love, Sheridan shares his unique perspective on the power of hope and how to heal the […]

Suicide scripts in Italian newspapers: Women’s suicide as a symptom of personal problems and men’s suicide as a symptom of social problems

Background: There is substantial variability, by culture, in suicide rates, and also in suicide beliefs and attitudes. Suicide beliefs and attitudes predict actual suicidality. They also are elements of cultural scripts of suicide. Most suicide-scripts research has been conducted in Anglophone countries. Aims: This study investigates women’s and men’s suicide scripts in Italy. Methods: Italy’s suicide scripts, including beliefs about […]

Perceived impact of COVID-19 among callers to the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline

Background: Research indicates that the COVID-19 pandemic caused increases in psychological distress and suicidal ideation. Aims: To describe the ways suicidal callers to the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline (Lifeline) perceived COVID-19 to have impacted them and assess whether these callers perceived COVID-19-related stress as contributing to their suicidal thoughts. Method: Telephone interviews were conducted with 412 suicidal callers to 12 […]

Lifetime and current self-harm thoughts and behaviors and their relationship to parent and peer attachment

Background: Previous research suggests attachment is a vulnerability factor for self-harm thoughts and behaviors in adults. Yet, few studies have investigated this relationship during adolescence, although adolescence is a critical period for changes in attachment relationships and self-harm onset. Whether and how attachment relates to self-harm thoughts and behaviors as measured in daily life is also […]

It is official, they are different: Discrepancies between national statistical agency and register-based state suicide mortality statistics in Australia

Background: In Australia, most state-based suicide registers now publicly release suicide mortality data alongside those the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) releases annually. Aims: This study compared ABS’s recorded suicides with three state-based suicide registers (Queensland, Victoria, and Tasmania). We compared their case definitions and coding approaches to assist users in choosing the most suitable […]

Hotel suicides in Australia 2006-2017: Examining the frequency, characteristics, and spatial clustering

Background: This study investigated the frequency, characteristics, and geospatial clustering of hotel suicides in Australia to inform suicide prevention efforts. Aims: (1) To determine the proportion of suicide deaths that occurred in hotels, (2) to determine differences in demographic characteristics of hotel deaths compared to other locations, (3) to assess level of planning, and (4) to determine whether […]

Factor structure and validity of the suicidal narrative inventory among Indian adults

Background: The suicidal narrative is a presuicidal state comprising several risk factors for suicide and is assessed using the Suicidal Narrative Inventory (SNI). Aims To assess the internal structure, reliability, and validity of SNI among Indian adults. Methods Between August 2020 and January 2021, the SNI, together with other self-report measures, was administered to adult respondents using an online anonymized […]

Clinically significant scores for thwarted belonging and perceived burden from the Interpersonal Needs Questionnaire (INQ-15)

Background: Social disconnection is associated with all-cause mortality and suicide. Measures of social disconnection with reliable cut-off scores are needed to aid in the assessment of clinically significant change. Aims: The current study sought to identify reliable clinical cut-off scores for the 15-item Interpersonal Needs Questionnaire (INQ-15), which assesses two indices of social disconnection associated with suicide ideation […]

Childhood trauma and suicide: Associations between impulsivity, executive functioning, and stress

Background: Suicide is a leading cause of death worldwide, and childhood trauma has been found to be an important risk factor. However, the mechanisms linking trauma to suicide risk remain unclear. Aims: The current registered report sought to (1) investigate whether childhood trauma and its subtypes were related to suicide risk in adulthood and (2) […]

ChatGPT, artificial intelligence, and suicide prevention: A call for a targeted and concerted research effort

There is an ever-increasing speed in digital transformation, including health communication and healthcare. ChatGPT is one of the most recent milestones in this regard, having been introduced to the public by OpenAI in  November 2022. Although ChatGPT is still under development, it is likely that we will face a widespread rollout of such tools during […]

Validity of short-term assessment of risk and treatability in the Japanese Forensic Probation Service

This study aimed to evaluate the predictive validity and reliability of the Short-Term Assessment of Risk and Treatability (START) in the context of the Japanese forensic probation service. START is a structured professional judgement guide for risk domains concerning negative behaviors such as violence, self-harm, suicide, substance abuse, unauthorized leave, victimization, and self-neglect. In this […]

Using an intersectional approach to explore the lived mental health experiences of traveller men affected by suicide in Ireland

Rates of suicide are seven times higher among Traveller men, an Indigenous ethnic minority group in Ireland, compared with non-Traveller men. Several factors are implicated, including racism, social exclusion, discrimination, inadequate accommodation, unemployment, and lower educational attainment. Systemic and cultural barriers inhibit Traveller men from seeking support. This study addresses a gap in the literature […]

Trajectory of suicide as a transformation in obscurity: As told by the deceased’s next of kin

There is a collective call from the field of suicide research for studies on the individual dynamics of suicidality in order to understand the deadliness of the suicidal process. This study examines the deceased next of kin’s (‘survivor’s) experience of the suicidal process in order to gain perspectives that can be used in the preventive […]

The global prevalence of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among men who have sex with men: A systematic review and meta‑analysis

Background This study aimed to determine the global prevalence of suicidal ideation and attempts among men who have sex with men (MSM) as a systematic review, and meta-analysis. Methods For this meta-analysis, a search in four international databases (PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and EMBASE) was designed, and performed. In the next step, the information […]

The certified QPR Pathfinder training program: A description of a novel public health gatekeeper training program to mitigate suicidal ideation and suicide deaths

Suicide represents a significant public health concern. One approach to reducing suicide rates is to train gatekeepers-community members who, through their day-to-day practices, interact with a substantial proportion of the population-to detect individuals at elevated suicide risk and refer them to appropriate mental health care services. One of the most well-known community gatekeeper training programs […]

Risk and protective factors associated with self-cutting behavior among adolescents at first contact with the juvenile court

Adolescents involved in juvenile legal system are at increased risk for self-cutting behavior, however, correlates associated with elevated risk remain underresearched, particularly among youth with first involvement with the court. This study utilized an epidemiological two-year longitudinal study involving 401 adolescents at first contact with the court (Mage = 14.47; SDage = 1.94 years; 43% female; 42% […]

“Help me control my impulses!”: Adolescent impulsivity and its negative individual, family, peer, and community explanatory factors

The literature shows that impulsivity, prevalent in adolescence, is negatively linked with a variety of psychosocial factors (e.g., positive interpersonal relationships, emotion regulation); however, there is limited research examining the relative contribution of multiple factors for this trait nor exploring how these factors influence the associations between impulsivity and risk-related outcomes. Drawing on multiple components […]

Survey of knowledge, self‑efficacy, and attitudes toward suicide prevention among nursing staff

Objective This study aimed to explore the knowledge, self-efficacy, and attitudes toward suicide prevention among nurses with different demographic characteristics. Methods A cross-sectional descriptive design was adopted, and the study was conducted between August and September 2020. The content of the questionnaire included basic demographics, knowledge, self-efficacy, and attitudes toward suicide prevention. Correlation analysis was […]

Suicide risk in male incarcerated individuals in Spain: Clinical, criminological and prison‑related correlates

Background Prison suicide is a complex phenomenon that may be influenced by individual, clinical, social and environmental factors. In Spain, few studies have explored the relationship with institutional, prison-related variables. The aim of this study is to examine correlates of suicide in a sample of male incarcerated individuals from 5 Spanish penitentiary centers. Methods This […]

Suicidal attempt in adolescents with major depressive disorder

Aim: In this study, we aimed to assess the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of adolescents diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD), with and without suicide attempts, as well as to investigate the factors predicting suicide attempts. Materials and Methods: This study included 151 adolescents aged between 12 and 18 years, who were diagnosed with MDD […]

Regional disparities in suicide among patients with cancer: A nationwide population-based study in Japan

Background This study aimed to explore prefecture-level differences in suicide risk among patients with cancer in Japan. Methods Data from the National Cancer Registry, which covers the entire Japanese population, were used. Patients diagnosed with cancer between 2016 and 2017 were included. The standardized mortality ratio (SMR) for suicide within 2 years after cancer diagnosis was […]

Predicting suicide attempts among Norwegian adolescents without using suicide-related items: A machine learning approach

Introduction: Research on the classification models of suicide attempts has predominantly depended on the collection of sensitive data related to suicide. Gathering this type of information at the population level can be challenging, especially when it pertains to adolescents. We addressed two main objectives: (1) the feasibility of classifying adolescents at high risk of attempting suicide […]

A systematic review of MRI studies and the “Emotional paiN and social Disconnet (END)” brain model of suicidal behavior in youth

Introduction. Risk of suicidal ideation and suicidal behaviors greatly increases during adolescence, and rates have risen dramatically over the past two decades. However, few risk factors or biomarkers predictive of suicidal ideation or attempted suicide have been identified in adolescents. Neuroimaging correlates hold potential for early identification of adolescents at increased risk of suicidality and […]