The number and characteristics of newspaper and Twitter reports on suicides and road traffic deaths in young people

In the light of concern about the harmful effects of media reporting of suicides and a lack of comparative research, this study compares the number and characteristics of reports on suicides and road traffic accidents (RTAs) in young people (aged 11–18) in newspapers and Twitter during a 6-month period. Tweets about young people’s suicides were […]

Differences in firearm suicides by residential location in Texas, 2006-2015

This study used Texas state vital statistics records, 2006–2015, to examine firearm use rates among 28,010 suicide decedents by residential location (urbanized vs. all others). Firearms were responsible for 44% of all teenage suicides and 76–90% and 50–60% of suicides of men and women aged 60 + years, respectively, and firearm use rates remained steady for both […]

Isolating the association of sleep, depressive state, and other independent indicators for suicide ideation in United States teenagers

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, suicide is the second leading cause of death in American teenagers, and is a growing public health concern. This study uses multivariable logistic regression to investigate the independent relationship between suicide ideation and sleep duration in teenagers using the 2015 Youth Behavior Risk Surveillance Study, controlling […]

Cause of caregiver death and surviving caregiver coping style predict thwarted belongingness in bereaved youth

Both bereavement and thwarted belongingness serve as risk markers for youth suicide-related behaviors. This study examined candidate predictors of thwarted belongingness among bereaved youth, including caregiver cause of death and surviving caregiver coping style. A group of 43 caregiver-bereaved families (58 children aged 7–13-years-old) participated in a longitudinal study investigating associations between hypothesized bereavement-related contextual […]

The effects of publicized suicide deaths on subsequent suicide counts in Israel

This study investigated associations between indiscriminate media reporting of suicides and later inflated suicide counts among Israel’s general population between the years 2008 and 2012. Self-inflicted deaths that received post-suicide media exposure (referred to as “publicized suicides”) were selected via Google news search-hit appraisals. Distributions of suicides were inspected and risk ratios (RRs) estimated by […]

Cognitive-affective correlates of suicide ideation and attempt: Mindfulness is negatively associated with suicide attempt history but not state suicidality

The objective of this study was to test whether 3 cognitive-affective correlates,–mindfulness, emotion reactivity, and depressive symptom severity—have different associations with current suicidal ideation (SI), a history of suicide attempt (SA) and SA + SI among emerging adults. Whether impulsive-aggression (IA) moderated associations between cognitive-affective correlates of suicidal behavior and suicidality was also tested. Survey data on […]

Protective factors of suicide an suicidal behavior relevant to emergency healthcare settings: A systematic review and narrative synthesis of post-2007 reviews

Suicide is a major public health concern and, with recent societal changes, such as economic and technological changes, there may be emerging protective factors that mitigate suicide risk that are unrecognized in emergency healthcare. This systematic review aims to identify protective factors for suicide that can feasibly be assessed in time-limited emergency healthcare settings. A […]

The relationship between suicidal responses and traumatic brain injury and severe insomnia in active duty, veteran, and civilian populations

This study examined how a positive traumatic brain injury (TBI) screening and insomnia severity relate to suicidal outcomes across active duty, veteran, and civilian samples. Data were used from 3,993 participants from 19 studies. We conducted a series of analyses by group to identify which significantly differed on the variables of interest. TBI and insomnia […]

Which chart elements accurately identify emergency department visits for suicidal ideation or behavior?

In an emergency department (ED) sample, we investigated the concordance between identification of suicide-related visits through standardized comprehensive chart review versus a subset of 3 specific chart elements: ICD-9-CM codes, free-text presenting complaints, and free-text physician discharge diagnoses. The method for this study was review of medical records for adults (≥18 years) at 8 EDs across […]

Are bullying perpetration and victimization associated with adolescent deliberate self-harm? A meta-analysis

This study sought to appraise internationally published literature investigating bullying in its association with deliberate self-harm (DSH). A systematic review and series of meta-analyses using random effects models were conducted. A total of 68 effect sizes, analyzing data from 156,284 adolescents aged 11–19 years were examined. Results showed significant associations between both traditional bullying perpetration […]