Sexual identity development: Relationship with lifetime suicidal ideation in sexual minority women

Aims and objectives—This study draws on a life course perspective to evaluate, in a sample of sexual minority women: (1) the relationship between age at reaching sexual identity milestones and risk of  suicidal ideation, (2) developmental stages or stages of sexual identity development that represent greatest risk, and (3) the relationship between age of reaching […]

Association between headache and suicidality: An analysis of universal suicide screening data at a large urban county hospital

BACKGROUND: Identifying individuals at increased risk of suicide is important, particularly those who present for treatment for nonpsychiatric chief complaints who may go undetected. It has been found that pain symptoms, such as headache, are associated with suicide, although this association requires further characterization. This study examined specific components of suicidality in relation to headache subtypes. […]

Suicide in African American adolescents: Understanding risk by studying resilience

Historically, suicide rates for African American adolescents have been low, relative to rates for youth of other racial-ethnic backgrounds. Since 2001, however, suicide rates among African American adolescents have escalated: Suicide is now the third leading cause of death for African American adolescents. This disturbing trend warrants focused research on suicide etiology and manifestation in […]

Five-year mortality after hospitalisation for suicide attempt with a violent method

Objective This study aimed to estimate the 5-year mortality among people admitted into a transdisciplinary unit providing combined psychiatric and somatic rehabilitation treatment. Methods In this retrospective study, we analyzed the clinical records of all individuals admitted into the transdisciplinary unit from 01/01/2011 to 12/31/2017 after a suicide attempt using violent means. Vital status was […]

Demographic and psychosocial factors associated with recent suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among lesbian, gay, bisexual, pansexual, queer, and asexual (LGBQ) people in Australia: Correlates of suicidality among LGBQ Australians

Introduction To examine demographic and psychosocial correlates of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among a large cross-section of sexual orientation populations in Australia, including lesbian, gay, bisexual, pansexual, queer, and asexual (LGBQ) people. Methods A national survey was conducted involving 5,174 cisgender LGBQ participants aged 18+ years. Multivariable regressions identified factors associated with recent suicidal […]

Scores on the suicide cognitions scale-revised (SCS-R) predict future suicide attempts among primary care patients denying suicide ideation and prior attempts

Background: Approximately half of patients who attempt or die by suicide screened negative for suicidal ideation during their most recent medical visit. Maladaptive beliefs and schemas can increase cognitive vulnerability to suicidal behavior, even among patients without recent or past suicidal thoughts and behaviors. Assessing these beliefs could improve the detection of patients who will engage […]

The prospective relation between borderline personality disorder symptoms and suicide risk: The mediating roles of emotion regulation difficulties and perceived burdensomeness

Background Despite the strong link between borderline personality disorder (BPD) symptoms and suicide risk, little is known about the mechanisms underlying this association. Theory-driven research clarifying the pathways through which BPD symptoms increase suicide risk over time is needed and may highlight relevant treatment targets for decreasing suicide risk among individuals with heightened BPD symptoms. […]

Suicide risk profiles and barriers to professional help-seeking among college students with elevated risk for suicide

Suicide is the second leading cause of death among college students, yet many students with elevated suicide risk do not seek professional help. This study identified suicide risk profiles among college students and examined these in relation to students’ perceived barriers to professional help-seeking. Data were obtained from college students (n = 1689) identified to be at […]

Emotional abuse and perceived stress: The most relevant factors in suicide behavior in first-episode psychosis patients

People with a mental disorder have a higher risk of suicidal behavior. Little research has examined the role of childhood trauma in suicide behavior, and even fewer studies have assessed the specific relevance of subtypes of childhood trauma and suicidal behavior in first-episode psychosis (FEP). The aims of the present study were: 1) to compare […]

Feasibility and validity of ecological momentary assessment in the investigation of suicide risk

Ecological Momentary Assessment has been used to investigate a wide range of behaviors and psychiatric conditions. Previous investigations have consistently obtained promising results with high acceptance and compliance rates, and with only minor reactive effects for specific variables. Despite the promise of this methodology for the study of severe psychiatric populations, little is known about its […]

Don’t miss the moment: A systematic review of ecological momentary assessment in suicide research

Suicide and suicide-related behaviors are prevalent yet notoriously difficult to predict. Specifically, short-term predictors and correlates of suicide risk remain largely unknown. Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) may be used to assess how suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STBs) unfold in real-world contexts. We conducted a systematic literature review of EMA studies in suicide research to assess […]

The mental health and well-being of multiracial LGBTQ youth

This report is the first of its kind to exclusively explore the mental health and well-being of multiracial LGBTQ youth, highlighting the unique mental health experiences among youth of different racial backgrounds. It uses data from a national sample of nearly 4,739 multiracial LGBTQ youth ages 13–24 who participated in The Trevor Project’s 2022 National […]

Mental health promotion and suicide prevention in the workplace: Policy and response recommendations to help employers positively impact workers and the work environment

In the United States, roughly 50,000 people die by suicide each year, most of whom are of working age. According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), one in  five adult Americans lives with a mental health condition every year. While rates for diagnosed mental health conditions vary by demographic, conditions like […]

Exploring the impact of suicide care experiences and postintervention supports sought among community pharmacists: A cross-sectional survey

Background There is a need to appropriately train, support and remunerate pharmacists for their expanding roles in mental healthcare. Pharmacists often care for people experiencing mental health crises, including suicidal thoughts and behaviours, but little is known about pharmacists’ suicide care experiences. Aim This cross-sectional study aimed to explore the impact of professional experiences with […]

Corticolimbic DCC gene co-expression networks as predictors of impulsivity in children

Inhibitory control deficits are prevalent in multiple neuropsychiatric conditions. The communication- as well as the connectivity- between corticolimbic regions of the brain are fundamental for eliciting inhibitory control behaviors, but early markers of vulnerability to this behavioral trait are yet to be discovered. The gradual maturation of the prefrontal cortex (PFC), in particular of the […]

Postvention needs assessment for those bereaved by suicide in Edmonton: Living Hope Community Plan to Prevent Suicide in Edmonton. September 2022

The purpose of this report is to provide the City of Edmonton’s Living Hope plan with an initial understanding about what postvention supports are required for those grieving a death by suicide. The needs assessment focuses specifically on the City of Edmonton. This research is intended to support other work being completed through the Living […]

Community resilience: Models, metaphors and measures

In this paper, we discuss the importance of community resilience for Aboriginal health and  well-being. The concept of resilience has been used in developmental psychology and psychiatry to describe  individuals’ capacities to achieve well-being and thrive despite significant adversity. Resilience is also a useful concept in ecology where it draws attention to the ability of […]

The relationship of adverse childhood experiences to PTSD, depression, poly-drug use and suicide attempt in reservation-based Native American adolescents and young adults

Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with numerous risk behaviors and mental health outcomes among youth. This study examines the relationship between the number of types of exposures to ACEs and risk behaviors and mental health outcomes among reservation-based Native Americans. In 2011, data were collected from Native American (N = 288; 15-24 years of […]

Indigenous population continues to grow

Indigenous peoples, their communities, cultures and languages have existed since time immemorial in the land now known as Canada. The term “Indigenous peoples” refers to three groups—First Nations people, Métis and Inuit—who are recognized in the Constitution Act. However,  while these groups are representative of the Indigenous population as a whole, each is tremendously diverse. […]

Parental phubbing, self-esteem, and suicidal ideation among Chinese adolescents: A longitudinal mediational analysis

Parental phubbing refers to a phenomenon in which parents are distracted by their smartphones when they interact with their children. It has become a common concern and linked to adolescents’ internalizing and externalizing behavior problems. However, much remains unclear about reciprocal associations among parental phubbing, self-esteem, and suicidal ideation and the potential mechanisms underlying these […]

Mental disorder symptom among public safety personnel in Canada

Background: Canadian public safety personnel (PSP; e.g., correctional workers, dispatchers, firefighters, paramedics, police officers) are exposed to potentially traumatic events as a function of their work. Such exposures contribute to the risk of developing clinically significant symptoms related to mental disorders. The current study was designed to provide estimates of mental disorder symptom frequencies and […]

Future directions for optimizing clinical science & safety: Ecological momentary assessments in suicide/self-harm research

Objective: Mobile technology has facilitated rapid growth in the use of intensive longitudinal methods (ILM), such as ecological momentary assessments (EMA), that help identify proximal indicators of risk in real-time and real-world settings. To realize the potential of ILM for advancing knowledge regarding suicidal and self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITB), this article aims to provide […]

Collaborative assessment and management of suicidality for teens: A promising frontline intervention for addressing adolescent suicidality

This pilot open trial examined the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary outcomes of the Collaborative Assessment and Management of Suicidality for teens (CAMS-4Teens) who presented to outpatient care with suicidal thoughts and behaviors. Participants were 22 adolescents (age 13–17; 59% identified as female) with clinical elevations (≥7) on the Suicidal Behaviors Questionnaire–Revised (SBQ-R). Primary outcomes were […]