Year: 2015 Source: Bulletin of Clinical Psychopharmacology.(2014).24(4): 350-9.doi:10.5455/bcp.20130208020424 SIEC No: 20150384

In this study, we aimed to assess the epidemiology of suicide attempts, especially focusing on rates and trends in Northeastern Turkey. In 2007, parasuicide rates per 100,000 inhabitants were 47.7 for females, 17.7 for males, and 32.5 for both genders. Suicide attempts were more common in women in all age groups except ≥50 years. The most common methods of deliberate self-harm were as follows: medical drug/toxic substance ingestion (93.3%), hanging (1.7%), and cutting or stabbing (3.6%). Housewives (53.8%) formed the largest group among women. Physical domestic violence was a common reason for suicide attempts in women aged 15-34 years. The only cited reason for suicide attempts that was predominant in males was financial difficulties. A previous psychiatric diagnosis was present in 19.5% of parasuicide cases, and the rate of seeing a doctor for psychiatric reasons in the last 6 months prior to the suicide attempt was 15.8%. Conclusion: Self-poisoning is the most common method for attempted suicide. The risk groups in our region appeared to be younger and married females. The epidemiology of suicide attempt cases in our region resembles a mixture of both European and Asian communitiesÕ parasuicide patterns.

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