Year: 2014 Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior.(2013).43(6):621Ð633. DOI: 10.1111/sltb.12044 SIEC No: 20140093

Results showed that hope and optimism negatively predicted thwarted belongingness, perceived burdensomeness, and suicidal ideation. However, these results were not found for acquired capability. Overall, this study suggests that higher levels of hope and optimism are associated with lower levels of suicidal ideation, thwarted belongingness, and perceived burdensomeness in this American Indian/Alaska Native sample.