Year: 2004 Source: The American Journal of Economics and Sociology, v.63, no.5, (November 2004), p.1193-1212 SIEC No: 20060179

The author discusses four categories of putative indirect reciprocity, two of which pertain to interaction between individuals & two of which involve social systems. The conclusion is that two of these categories, reciprocal reputation & institutionalized reciprocity, are strongly linked to reciprocity, whereas the other two categories, generous reputation & metaphysical reward, are likely to involve only an element of illusionary reciprocity & a substantial degree of altruism. (26 refs.)