Year: 1999 Source: Canberra, ACT: The Australian National University, 1999. 34p. SIEC No: 20011432

Excess female suicide over male is reported for very few populations. Two exceptions, as far as youth suicide is concerned, are Western Samoa & the Indian population of Fiji. This paper examines age-sex patterns of suicide in these two populations & seeks to explain why female youth suicide exceeds that of males. Female suicide is concentrated at young ages to a greater extent than males. It is argued this is due to differing causal factors. For females in both populations, these comprise sexuality, marriage & childbearing, while for males, economic & social status are important. An important factor in Western Samoa is method of suicide which leads to sex equality of fatality rates & thus contributes to excess female youth suicide. (70 refs.)