Year: 1984 Source: American Psychologist, v.39, no.10, (October 1984), p.1148-1160 SIEC No: 19860738

The results of a research program on the effects of crowding in prisons & jails are summarized. The relationship of crowding to rates of suicide, non-violent deaths, violent deaths, psychiatric commitments, inmate-on-inmate assaults, disciplinary infractions, & attempted suicide & self-mutilations as evidenced in archival records from 4 state prison systems is examined. Research methodology is described. In general, crowding in prisons appears to be related to increased pathology. (NBB)