Year: 2023 Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior. (2023), 53(1), 39-53. SIEC No: 20230524
Objective Identifying digital markers of sleep disturbance—a known suicide risk factor—may aid in the detection of imminent suicide risk. This study examined sleep-related communication and texting patterns in personal text messages (N = 86,705) of suicide attempt survivors. Method Twenty-six participants provided dates of past suicide attempts and 2-week periods of positive mood, depressed mood, or suicidal ideation. Linguistic Inquiry Word Count was used to identify sleep-related texts via a custom dictionary. Mixed effect models were fitted to test the association between suicide/mood episode type (e.g., attempt versus ideation) and three outcomes: likelihood of a text including sleep-related content, nightly count of texts sent from midnight to 5:00 AM, and sum of unique hour bins from midnight to 5:00 AM with outgoing texts. Results Analyses with a sleep dictionary that was manually revised to be more accurate (but not the original unedited dictionary) showed sleep-related communication was more likely during depressed mood episodes than positive mood episodes. Otherwise, there were no significant differences in sleep-related communication or objective texting patterns across episode type. Conclusions Although we did not detect differences in sleep-related communication tied to suicidal thoughts or behaviors, sleep-related communication may differ as a function of within-person mood level.