Social problem-solving and suicidal behavior in adolescent girls: A prospective examination of proximal and distal social stress-related risk factors

Adverse social experiences are often linked to suicidal behavior in adolescence, perhaps particularly for girls. Social problem-solving abilities may indicate more or less adaptive responses to adverse social experiences that contribute to adolescent girls’ risk for suicidal behavior. While social problem-solving is implicated in cognitive and behavioral theories of suicidal behavior, prior work is largely […]

Social support reduces the risk of unfavorable parenting styles for suicidal behaviors in early adolescents

Objective: Depression and perceived stress are important risk factors for suicidal behaviors among adolescents. The current study examined the joint effects of parenting styles on suicidal ideation (SI) and attempt (SA) in early adolescents while considering relevant individual factors, and evaluated whether social support can offset the risk. Methods: The present study was part of a large […]

Anxiety, stress & mindfulness: A do-it-yourself guide to wellness

Instead of trying to get rid of anxiety and stress, change your relationship to them. Mindfulness practice grounds us. Our drama-of-the-moment becomes thoughts and feelings that come and go as we navigate back to now. Awareness wakes us up from automatic pilot, and the mental fog begins to lift. Damaging self-talk starts to lose its […]

The effect of brief mindfulness meditation on suicidal ideation, stress and sleep quality

Objectives Suicide is the fourth leading cause of death for individuals aged 15–29 years, and early intervention on suicidal ideation and risk factors should be priortized. Brief mindfulness meditation (BMM) is convenient and cost-effective in improving physical and mental well-being, but less is known about its efficacy for suicidal ideation, stress and sleep quality. We investigated […]

Suicide among lawyers: Role of job problems

Introduction Suicide research has neglected the legal profession. The present investigation determines what risk factors distinguish lawyers’ suicides from those of the general population. Given the substantial investment in their careers, client dependency, and ongoing stress of work, job problems are seen as key potential drivers of lawyers’ suicides. Methodology Data are from the National […]

Mediating effect of genome-wide DNA methylation on suicidal ideation induced by stressful events

Objective Schizophrenia is a debilitating disease that is associated with higher rates of death by unnatural causes including suicide. Exposure to stressful events is an important risk factor for suicidal ideation (SI); however, the mechanisms that link stress, SI, and suicide remain unclear. Epigenetic processes are involved in both vulnerability to suicidal behavior and stress. Therefore, we sought to study […]

DNA methylation of genes involved in the HPA axis in presence of suicide behavior: A systematic review

DNA methylation in genes of the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis has been associated with suicide behavior. Through a systematic review, we aimed to evaluate DNA methylation levels of the genes involved in the HPA pathway and their association with suicide behavior. A search of articles was performed using PubMed and Science Direct, EBSCO. The terms included […]

Stressful experiences in university predict non-suicidal self-injury through emotional reactivity

Theoretical perspectives on non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI; direct and deliberate self-injury without lethal intent such as self-cutting or hitting) have long underscored the affective regulating properties of NSSI. Less attention has been given to the processes through which individuals choose to engage in NSSI, specifically, to regulate their distress. In the present study, we tested one […]

The role of impulsivity and self-control in suicidal ideation and suicide attempt

Two studies are reported examining the relation of self-control, as measured by self-report inventories, to indices of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. In the first study (n = 113), self-control related significantly (p < 0.05) and negatively to both indices (r = −0.37 and r = −0.26), and, in a hierarchical regression analysis, added significantly to the variance in the […]

Perceived stress from interpersonal relations predicts suicidal ideation in Chinese university students: Roles of meaning in life and coping humor

Existing studies emphasize that interpersonal relationships are closely associated with the increased risk of suicidal ideation (SI). However, the mechanism underlying this association remains poorly understood. In this study, we  investigated how and under what conditions the perceived stress from interpersonal relations links to SI. Also we explored the possible important roles of meaning in […]

Stressed, lonely, and overcommitted: Predictors of lawyer suicide risk

Suicide is a significant public health concern, and lawyers have been shown to have an elevated risk for contemplating it. In this study, we sought to identify predictors of suicidal ideation in a sample consisting of 1962 randomly selected lawyers. Using logistic regression analysis, we found that high levels of work overcommitment, high levels of […]

Climate-related shocks and other stressors associated with depression and anxiety in Bangladesh: A nationally representative panel study

Background Climate change has major implications for common mental disorders including depression and anxiety in vulnerable nations such as Bangladesh. However, knowledge gaps exist around national estimations of depression and anxiety, and the associations between the prevalence of these disorders with climate-related and sociodemographic risk factors. To address these gaps, this study analysed data from […]

Mental health and substance use of farmers in Canada during COVID-19

Farmers in Canada faced higher levels of mental distress than the general public prior to the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and are generally less likely than the public to seek help. However, the mental health impacts of COVID-19 on farmers in Canada remain unexplored. Our objective was to investigate mental health outcomes among farmers […]

Evaluating potential iatrogenic effects of a suicide-focused research protocol

Background: Concerns regarding the potential iatrogenic effects of suicide assessment have long impeded suicide research. Aims: We sought to examine the effects of an intensive, suicide-focused assessment protocol on mood, suicidality, and urges to harm oneself or others. Method: Participants were adults admitted to a psychiatric inpatient unit for recent suicidal ideation or behavior, or reasons unrelated to suicide. Our […]

The relationship between posttraumatic embitterment disorder and stress, depression, self-esteem, impulsiveness, and suicidal ideation in Korea soldiers in the local area

Background: The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence of posttraumatic embitterment disorder (PTED) among soldiers, and examine its relation to stress, depression, self-esteem, impulsiveness, and suicidal ideation. Methods: The subjects of this study were 200 soldiers and 197 control subjects, a total of 397 persons. Measurement tools used included the PTED self-rating scale, Stress […]

Self-harm in young people: Investigating the role of resilience and posttraumatic stress related to the COVID-19 pandemic

Evidence shows that young people may have experienced increased levels of posttraumatic stress and depression during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, the landscape on self-harm is still unclear. This study aimed to examine the role of COVID-19 related posttraumatic stress, depression and resilience as predictors of self-harm with and without suicidal intent. Participants were 625 young […]

Using vocal characteristics to classify psychological distress in adult helpline callers: Retrospective observational study

Background: Elevated psychological distress has demonstrated impacts on individuals’ health. Reliable and efficient ways to detect distress are key to early intervention. Artificial intelligence has the potential to detect states of emotional distress in an accurate, efficient, and timely manner. Objective: The aim of this study was to automatically classify short segments of speech obtained […]

Recent stressful experiences and suicide risk: Implications for suicide prevention and intervention in U.S. Army soldiers

Objectives To identify the extent to which the presence of recent stressful events are risk factors for suicide among active‐duty soldiers as reported by informants. Methods Next‐of‐kin (NOK) and supervisors (SUP) of active duty soldiers (n = 135) who died by suicide and two groups of living controls: propensity‐matched (n = 128) and soldiers who reported suicidal ideation in […]

Stress and suicidal ideation: The role of state or trait anhedonia in a moderated mediation model

Background Recent works suggested taking into account the severity and the type of anhedonia when examining suicidal ideation. The present study investigated a moderated mediation model addressing the psychosocial mechanisms that account for the association between state or trait anhedonia and suicidal ideation. Methods State anhedonia was assessed using the Snaith-Hamilton Pleasure Scale, while trait […]

People exposed to suicide attempts: Frequency, impact, and the support received

Objective Little is known about people who have been exposed to a suicide attempt by someone they know. The purpose of this study was to examine how many people have been exposed to a suicide attempt by someone they knew and whether the exposure was associated with general well-being and suicidal ideation. Method A population-based […]

The Narrative-Crisis Model of suicide and its prediction of near-term suicide risk

Despite decades of research, much remains unknown about the transition from chronic to imminent suicidal risk. In the context of COVID-19, this question is even more urgent. The present study tests a novel, stepwise model of this transition, termed the Narrative-Crisis Model. This model proposes that, in people with chronic risk factors, stressful life events […]

Moderating role of coping in the association between minority stress and suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among sexual and gender minority young adults

Objective This study examined associations of minority stressors (i.e., victimization, internalized homonegativity, and stigma consciousness), and coping styles (i.e., active, avoidant, and passive) with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts (suicidality) among sexual and gender minority (SGM) young adults, and whether coping style moderated these associations. Methods Logistic regression analyses examined these associations among 1432 SGM […]

Minority stressors and suicidal ideation in sexual and gender minority youth assigned female at birth: Prospective associations and racial differences

Introduction: Suicidal ideation (SI) disproportionately affects sexual and gender minority (SGM) versus cisgender/heterosexual youth, likely due to the minority stressors (MS) they face. Research has shown cross-sectional associations between SGM MS and suicidality; however, few studies have used  longitudinal data or examined racial differences in the effects of MS on SI. The current study tested […]