Identifying the social demographic correlates of suicide bereavement

We investigated the demographic correlates associated with suicide bereavement among a representative sample of U.S. adults from the 2016 General Social Survey. A secondary aim of this study was to use this representative data platform to cross-check official data findings of U.S. completed suicides. Questions on suicide bereavement were administered to 1,432 GSS 2016 respondents […]

The suicidal animal: Science and the nature of self-destruction

Discussion of animal self-destruction during the early nineteenth century was structured by, and perpetuated, the Romantic view that suicide was a rational and even noble escape from intolerable circumstances. Popular accounts generally concerned animals that intentionally ended their lives to escape hopeless danger or human mistreatment

Youth suicide as a “wild” problem: Implications for prevention practice.

Abstract: The intent of this article is to explore the idea that youth suicide Ðwhich is conceptualized here as an unstable, historically contingent, and unruly problem Ð cannot be solved, nor contained, through an exclusive reliance on pre-determined, universal or standardized interventions. Informed by a constructionist perspective, social problems like youth suicide are understood as […]

The mediating effect on psychosocial factors on suicidal probability among adolescents.

Suicidal probability is an actual tendency including negative self-evaluation, hopelessness, suicidal ideation, and hostility. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of psychosocial variances in the suicidal probability of adolescents, especially the role of mediating variance. This study investigated the mediating effects of psychosocial factors such as depression, anxiety, self-esteem, stress, and […]

What did the Royal Almoner do in Britain and Ireland, c.1450-1700?

This article attempts to shed new light on almoners by exploring what they actually did, principally in the enforcement of the law on suicide, their conception of charity in handling the affairs of suicide victims, & the benevolent uses to which they put forfeited assets. While apparently focusing on an “odd man out”, suicide, the […]

Societal Stigma and Suicide Prevention

In this letter to the editor, the authors note their agreement with Caine’s commentary on suicide prevention in the December 2010 issue of Psychiatric Services. However, they assert his focus on risk factors is not enough & that lifting the stigma on suicide & suicidal ideation is also needed. They propose 2 strategies: practical measures […]

Suicide, Slavery, and Memory in North America

This article widens the traditional scope of evidence to consider slave self-destruction from multiple perspectives & chronological moments & more effectively places suicide within the long history of North American slavery. The author focuses on what she terms slave suicide ecology: the emotional, psychological, & material conditions that fostered it. (46 notes) JA

Suicide movies: social patterns 1900-2009.

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Measuring an Aspect of the Distribution of Mental Health: Suicide in Australia 1907-2003 Working Paper Series WP2006.9

The authors argue from welfare economics there is a legitimate economic justification for governments to be concerned with suicide. However, the purpose of this paper is to show the usefulness of employing an alternative measure of suicide – potential years of life lost – rather than a count of the number of suicides. It is […]

Myths About Suicide

This book has three main chapters, one on the suicidal mind, one on suicidal behaviours, and the last on causes, consequences, & subpopulations. In each chapter, the author describes a number of myths & misunderstood topics, & then dispels or explains them.

Rethinking Suicide Bombing

The psychiatric literature on suicide bombing was reviewed & compared to similar anthropological literature. A probe into the methodologies of researching suicide bombing, definitions of “war” & “terrorism” & beliefs on life, death, homicide, & suicide demonstrate that most of the psychiatric literature rflects a particular perspective which aspires towards a certain universalism. Anthropological approaches […]

Suicide Terrorism (IN: Assessment, Treatment, and Prevention of Suicidal Behavior, edited by R I Yufit & D Lester)

This chapter discusses suicide terrorism, first looking at this phenomenon in various cultures. The prevalence of suicide terrorist attacks is discussed next, followed by a profile of suicide terrorists including information on demographic characteristics, religion, revenge for personal suffering, & personality factors & psychopathology. The main elements that prepare an individual for suicide terrorism are […]

Can Sports Events Affect Suicidal Behavior? A Review of the Literature and Implications for Prevention

This study reviews literature on the relationship between sports spectatorship & suicidal behaviour to ascertain whether sports spectatorship has an impact on suicidal behaviour, either increasing the risk or being a protective factor. PubMed/MEDLINE & PsycINFO searches were done & 9 studies, published between 1986-2006, were identified. Results indicate sports events can have an impact […]

Criminalizing Suicide Attempts: can it be a Deterrent?

Suicidal behaviour constitutes a serious public as well as mental health problem all over the world. Many developed countries have done away with the legal provision of punishing attempted suicides. However, in India this continues to be a punishable offence under the Indian Penal Code (1833). This review discusses the various issues related to criminalizing […]

Women and Suicidal Behavior: a Cultural Analysis

There is significant variability in gender patterns & meanings of suicidal behaviour within & across cultures. The cultural diversity in gender patterns & interpretations of suicidal behaviour challenges essentialist perspectives on gender & suicidal behaviour. It also challenges the assumption, common in industrialised countries, that women are protected from suicide as long as they stay […]

Constructing a Social Problem: Suicide, Acculturation, and the Hmong

Between September 1998-May 2001, 8 Hmong teenagers died by suicide in 1 urban community. Newspaper accounts attempted to establish the suicides as the outgrowth of problems brought about by the Hmong immigration to the United States. In-depth interviews were conducted with individuals either directly familiar with the events or positioned to provide the best information […]

Suicide and the Partition of India: a Need for Further Investigation

A search was undertaken to document cases of suicide during the partition of India into India & Pakistan in 1947. Cases were found for India & for women. The experience of those in Pakistan & of men was hard to locate. There is a need for further investigaton to provide a fuller picture of suicide […]

The Social Construction of Police and Correctional Officer Suicide (In: Suicide and Law Enforcement, edited by D C Sheehan & J I Warren)

This chapter compares the dimensions, etiology, & social construction of police & correctional officer suicide. In the process, it explains the public attention & inattention paid to both & the reality & mythology of suicide rates. These analyses, based on the author’s sociological work in police & correctional departments in the United States & Europe, […]

Years of Life Lost From Suicide in China, 1990-2000

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Madness, Neurasthenia, and “Modernity”: Medico-Legal and Popular Interpretations of Suicide in Early Twentieth-Century Lima

This article examines medico-legal & popular interpretations of suicide in early twentieth-century Lima. In this period, physicians & lawyers interpreted suicide though the lens of modern scientific & legal thought & came to challenge the traditional interpretations of the Church, which insisted that suicide was a voluntary act. For ordinary people, medico-legal discourse on suicide […]

A Death of One’s Own (IN: The Politics of Deviance, by A Hendershott)

Suicide has traditionally been viewed as a deviant act because it contributes to a climate in which individual life is devalued. Yet, as the author argues in this chapter, the line between suicide that is viewed as being justified (e.g. a person with a terminal illness) & suicide that is for the wrong reasons (e.g. […]

Diagnosing Suicides of Resolve: Psychiatric Practice in Contemporary Japan

Drawing on 2 years of fieldwork at psychiatric institutions around Tokyo, the author examines how psychiatrists try to persuade patients of the pathological nature of their suicidal intentions & how patients respond to such medicalization. Psychiatrists’ ambivalent attitudes toward pathologizing suicide & how they limit their biomedical jurisdiction by treating only what they regard as […]

Too Lonely to die Alone: Internet Suicide Pacts and Existential Suffering in Japan

The author begins this study by examining the recent rise in suicide in Japan & the most common public explanations given for this. Cases of Internet suicide pacts are then examined, placing them within the context of suicide in Japan in general, & providing a representative selection of ethnographic findings from Japanese suicide-related websites. Findings […]