Does response on the PHQ-9 depression questionnaire predict subsequent suicide attempt or suicide death?

As use of standard depression questionnaires in clinical practice increases, clinicians will frequently encounter patients reporting thoughts of death or suicide. This study examined whether responses to the Patient Health Questionnaire for depression (PHQ-9) predict subsequent suicide attempt or suicide death. Contact us for a copy of this article, or view online at

Parental bonding and attitudes toward suicide among medical college students in Japan.

This study suggests that a higher level of maternal care influences beliefs that suicide is a rare phenomenon.The promotion of suicide prevention among medical students is needed.Suicide prevention could also be introduced with child rearing supports.

Developing social capital in implementing acomplex intervention: A process evaluation of theearly implementation of a suicide preventionintervention in four European countries.

Background: Variation in the implementation of complex multilevel interventions can impact on their delivery and outcomes. Few suicide prevention interventions, especially multilevel interventions, have included evaluation of both the process of implementation as well as outcomes. Such evaluation is essential for the replication ofinterventions, for interpreting and understanding outcomes, and for improving implementation science. This […]

The association between childhood maltreatment subtypes and current suicide risk among homeless men and women.

This study explored self-reports of five childhood maltreatment (CM) subtypes and their associations with current suicide risk in a sample of 500 homeless persons. Participants completed the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire and the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview. Individual, unique, and cumulative associations of CM subtypes and subtype combinations with suicide risk (no vs. low vs. moderate/high) were […]

Utility of the patient health questionnaire-9 to assess suicide risk in patients with systemic sclerosis.


Behaviour patterns preceding a railway suicide: Explorative study of German federal police officers’ experiences


“Let me count the ways:” Fostering reasons for living among low-income, suicidal African American women.

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Grief experiences and expectance of suicide.

Suicide is generally viewed as an unexpected cause of death. However, some suicides might be expected to a certain extent, which needs to be further studied. The relationships between expecting suicide, feeling understanding for the suicide, and later grief experiences were explored. In total, 142 bereaved participants completed the Grief Experience Questionnaire and additional measurements […]

Addressing Suicide Potential and Prevention in Rural and Frontier Areas: Suicide Prevention Toolkit for Rural Primary Care Providers. Summary Report


Taranaki Suicide Prevention Needs Assessment

This report provides the results of a needs assessment conducted in the Taranaki region of New Zealand. 7 chapters discuss: data & methods; suicide in Taranaki; self-harm in Taranaki; suicide prevention in Taranaki; suicide prevention training & coordination; service mapping against the national suicide prevention action plan of 2008; & recommendations. Appendices provide the information […]

Subtle Suicide: our Silent Epidemic of Ambivalence About Living

The authors have developed the concept of “subtle suicide”, risky behaviour where the individual does not care if he or she lives or dies. Based on psychotherapy sessions & case studies, the book also offers biographical sketches of well-known people who exhibited subtle suicide behaviour, including Marilyn Monroe, Anna Nicole Smith, Jim Morrison, & Evel […]

Getting the Best Return on Your Screening Investment: an Analysis of the Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire and Reynolds Adolescent Depression Scale

Data from 64 adolescent inpatients admitted for serious suicide ideation, 50 adolescent inpatients admitted following a suicide attempt, & 56 randomly selected high school controls were used to evaluate the Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire & the Reynolds Adolescent Depression Scale – Second Edition. The hypothesis that a combination of mean scores on the two measures & […]

Assessing Item and Scale Sensitivity to Therapeutic Change on the College Adjustment Scales: Working Toward a Counseling Center Specific Outcome Questionnaire

The purpose of this study was to determine which items & scales on the College Adjustment Scales were sensitive to therapeutic change for college students, thus assessing the validity of the test as an outcome measure & providing data for the development of future college counselling specific outcome questionnaires. 9 of 12 items addressing suicide […]

Talk to me. a National Action Plan to Reduce Suicide and Self Harm in Wales 2008-2013


Protocol Survey 1993/94

The primary purpose of this survey was to gather baseline data in several areas. Community agencies in southwest Alberta were surveyed. With regard to protocol development, questions asked included: did the protocols increase community coordination for more effective referral of clients; did protocols identify gaps in services & help to determine which agency could best […]

Does Every Allusion to Possible Suicide Require the Same Response? A Structured Method for Assessing and Managing Risk

This article presents a method for physicians to assess & manage suicide risk. The severity of suicide ideation is associated with suicide risk. In this model, its assessment proceeds sequentially from passive to active suicide ideation, to a specific detailed plan, including intention to harm oneself, reasons for living, & impulse control. Primary care patients […]

The Psychometric Properties and Correlates of the Reynolds’ Suicide Ideation Questionnaire With Kuwaiti and American Students

In samples of 460 Kuwaiti & 273 American college students, the Reynolds Suicide Ideation Questionnaire proved to have good internal consistency & concurrent validity with measures of anxiety, optimism, pessimism, death obsession, obsession-compulsion, & ego-grasping. The questionnaire was factorially complex in both samples, but the 8 critical items showed a similar two-factor pattern in both […]

Special Reference to Employee Knowledge About Depression and Suicide: Baseline Results of a Workplace-Based Mental Health Support Program

An office in Saitama Prefecture, Japan had been provided with a mental health support program. An initial questionnaire survey was conducted in December 1999. 216 people responded; most had stressful schedules & demanding jobs. Their subjective well-being was generally poorer relative to the reference. The mean score of knowledge about depression & suicide was 10.5 […]

Parasuicide and Tinnitus

A prospective study of successive admissions to the Regional Poisons Unit, South Glamorgan, Wales following deliberate self-poisoning, identified 211 overdoses, by 184 individuals (27 cases being repeat attempts). Unexpectedly, when compared to rates in the general population, tinnitus was underrepresented in this population by a factor greater than 4. Only 3 individuals reported having tinnitus. […]

Adolescent Suicide: an Integrated Approach to the Assessment of Risk and Protective Factors


Development and Validation of the Self-Harm Reasons Questionnaire

This study examined a newly developed, self-report measure of reasons for self-harm. The Self-Harm Reasons Questionnaire (SHRQ) was administered to 143 undergraduate students. Results indicated self-harm reasons covaried in meaningful & internally consistent ways, with subgroups of self-harm reasons correlating with hypothesized concomitants of self-harm, such as depressive symptoms. Findings have implications for prevention & […]

A Comparative Assessment of Suicide Risk for Young People in Youth Detention

This study compared levels of agreement in the assessment of suicide risk by detention centre staff procedures compared with those completed by a mental health clinician. Over a 6-month period, 64 young people assessed as being acutely suicidal were referred for a clinical mental health assessment. Cohen’s kappa statistic was used to determine inter-judgmental agreement […]

Evaluation of Student Suicide Prevention Training in Virginia

This evaluation was conducted through 1,021 surveys of school staff who participated in youth suicide prevention training in Virginia as well as a control group who did not participate in the training. Participants in both ASIST & QPR training reported the training was beneficial. ASIST participants received more training than QPR participants & as such […]