When health services are powerless to prevent suicide: Results from a linkage study of suicide among men with no service contact in the year prior to death

Aims: To investigate cases of suicide in which there was no healthcare contact, by looking at history of help-seeking and evidence of previous mental health vulnerability. To identify any life events associated with suicide for which individuals did not seek help. Background: Previous research has suggested that non-consultation is the main barrier to suicide prevention among men. […]

Mental health services use and depressive symptom scores among gay and bisexual men in Canada

Purpose To evaluate the association between mental health services (MHS) use and depressive symptom scores among gay and bisexual men (GBM) and compare with heterosexual men in Canada. Methods We used data from the 2015–2016 cycles of the Canadian Community Health Survey. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the PHQ-9 questionnaire (prior two weeks). MHS consultations […]

Gender-specific aspects of suicide-related communication in a high risk sample of psychiatric inpatients

Background: In addition to help-seeking behavior in a professional context, suicide-related communication (SRC) with that discloses suicidal thoughts and plans to relatives and significant others play a major role in suicide prevention. While studies revealed gender differences in help-seeking behavior in case of suicidal thoughts and intent in a professional context, the empirical evidence on […]

Psychosocial job stressors and risk of suicidal behavior: An observational study among Swedish men

Objective This study aimed to explore the relationship between psychosocial job stressors and suicidal behavior (fatal and non-fatal) among Swedish men while controlling for potential confounders. Methods Population-based Swedish longitudinal cohort study of male conscripts without previous self-harm (N=1 483 310) enlisting 1968–2002. Conscription examinations included measures of IQ, stress resilience and psychiatric diagnoses. Job demand–control (JDC) […]

A rapid review to determine the suicide risk and risk factors of men who are survivors of sexual assault

This rapid review assessed the suicide risk and risk factors of men who are survivors of sexual assault. We searched three academic databases (Cochrane, Medline and PsycINFO) for peer-reviewed articles in English published between 2010 and 2022. We rated the quality of the evidence based on the National Health and Medical Research Council Levels of […]

COVID-19 and MENtal health: Addressing men’s mental health needs in the digital world

The COVID-19 pandemic continues to be a source of stress and have important mental health implications for all persons but may have unique implications for men. In addition to the risk of contracting and dying from COVID-19, the rising COVID-19 death toll, ongoing economic uncertainty, loneliness from social distancing, and other changes to our lifestyles […]

Suicide among males across the lifespan: An analysis of differences by known mental health status

Introduction Suicide among males is a major public health challenge. In 2019, males accounted for nearly 80% of the suicide deaths in the U.S., and suicide was the eighth leading cause of death for males aged ≥10 years. Males who die by suicide are less likely to have known mental health conditions than females; therefore, […]

Mental health and suicide prevention in men: Evidence brief

Of the estimated 4,000 suicide deaths in Canada each year, 75 per cent are men. Suicide is the country’s second leading cause of death for men aged 15-39 (after accidental death). Research into sex differences in suicidal behaviour has revealed a gender paradox, wherein men are more likely to die by suicide, and women are […]

A systematic review of suicidal behaviour in men: A narrative synthesis of risk factors

Rationale Suicides by men outnumber those by women in every country of the world. To date, there has not been a comprehensive systematic review of risk factors for suicidal behaviour in men to better understand the excess deaths by suicide in men. Objective The present systematic review seeks to determine the nature and extent of the risk factors to predict suicidal behaviour in […]

Men, suicide, and family and interpersonal violence: A mixed methods exploratory study

Research has shown a link between gender, violence, and suicide. This relationship is complex, and few empirical studies have explored suicide and family and interpersonal violence perpetrated by men. Drawing on a coronial dataset of suicide cases and a mixed  methods design, this study integrated a quantitative analysis of 155 suicide cases with a qualitative […]

Understanding the context of suicides by older men compared with younger old men and women: An exploration of coronial data in Victoria, Australia

Background: The rate of suicide among men aged 85 years or older is the highest of any age or gender group in many countries, but little is known about their pathways to suicide. Aims: This study aimed to determine the context of suicide by men aged 85 years or older. Method: Data were extracted from the Victorian Suicide Register regarding […]

‘The last thing you feel is the self-disgust’ the role of self-directed disgust in men who have attempted suicide: A grounded theory study

Objective: Globally, suicide affects more men than women. Emotional pain underpins many theoretical accounts of suicidality, yet little is known about the role of disgust in suicide. Self-directed disgust, whereby aspects of the self-serve as an object of disgust, has been hypothesised to factor in suicide. This research aimed to explore the processes which link self-disgust […]

Suicide amongst young Inuit males: The perspectives of Inuit health and wellness workers in Nunavik

The rate of suicide amongst Inuit boys and men in Nunavik has risen since the 1980s. Despite this, little is known about the strengths and protective factors, and the unique risks, that contribute to suicidality amongst Inuit males. This article presents the findings of a qualitative interview study conducted with Inuit health and wellness workers […]

Men’s anxiety, why it matters, and what is needed to limit its risk for male suicide

Anxiety disorders are the most prevalent mental health disorder experienced by men. If left untreated, anxiety is predictive of psychiatric disorders including depression and associated suicide risk. Despite the prevalence and impact of men’s anxiety, it remains largely overlooked in the field of men’s mental health. Globally, men are reported to have lower rates of […]

The social determinants of male suicide (IN: Men’s Issues and Men’s Mental Health: An Introductory Primer, R. Whitley)

Men account for approximately 75% of suicides in the western world, with male suicide rates particularly pronounced in certain groups of men, including: (i) middle-aged men; (ii) men living in rural and remote regions; (iii) White men; (iv) Indigenous men; (v) military veterans; and (vi) men involved in the criminal justice system. The reasons for […]

How to save a life: Vital clues from men who have attempted suicide

Male suicide rates are high and rising, and important insights can be gleaned from understanding the experiences of men who have attempted suicide. Drawing from a grounded theory photovoice study of diverse Canadian men, three intertwined thematic processes were derived: (a) preceding death struggles, (b) life-ending attempts and saving graces, and (c) managing to stay […]

Segmenting or summing the parts? A scoping review of male suicide research in Canada

Objective: Suicide in Canadian men is high and rising. Research consistently indicates increased suicide risk in male subgroups including sexual minority, Indigenous, middle-aged, and military men. The current scoping review addresses the research question: Among male subgroups featured in Canadian suicide research, what are the key findings to inform suicide prevention efforts?. Method: A scoping […]

A rapid review to determine the suicide risk of separated men and the effectiveness of targeted suicide prevention interventions

Objective This rapid review aimed to understand the rates of suicidal ideation and behaviours in men who are separated from intimate relationships, the co-occurrence of risk factors, and the effectiveness of suicide prevention interventions for them in order to inform future suicide prevention efforts. Method The review method followed a streamlined systematic review process which […]

The association between childhood trauma and lifetime suicide attempts among a sample of male prisoners: A pilot observational study

Background: Prisoners have higher rates of suicide attempts compared with general population. A history of childhood trauma (CT) is common among incarcerated subjects and it is a well-known risk factor for lifetime suicide attempts. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to investigate whether lifetime suicide attempts may be related to the exposition to CT among […]

Psychosocial impact of the COVID-19 pandemic: A cross-sectional study of online help-seeking Canadian men

Purpose: The COVID-19 pandemic has had a profound impact on the lives of men. The present study investigated psychosocial impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on a help-seeking sample of Canadian men, focusing on diverse aspects of their psychosocial well-being. Methods: A cross-sectional, open survey study design was used. Canadian adult men who were visiting an […]

Barriers to physical activity for father’s living in marginalising conditions

Physical activity can be a conduit for improving men’s social connectedness as well as physical gains for well-being. However, marginalised men, and fathers in particular, can be challenged to engage in leisure time physical activity. This qualitative study reports how fathers, who experience complex and significant social and health inequities, conceptualise and experience barriers to […]

Men and suicide: Primary care prevention in the era of COVID-19 and beyond

The COVID-19 pandemic has had detrimental effects on mental health, including a predicted increase in suicidality, making suicide prevention a high priority. The rate of men’s suicide in the United States is significantly higher than that of women’s suicide. This case study considers the role of primary care advanced practice nurses in addressing the risks […]

Caregiving as suicide-prevention: An ecological 20-country study of the association between men’s family carework, unemployment, and suicide

Purpose Suicide rates are generally higher in men than in women. Men’s higher suicide mortality is often attributed to public-life adversities, such as unemployment. Building on the theory that men’s suicide vulnerability is also related to their private-life behaviors, particularly men’s low engagement in family carework, this ecological study explored the association between men’s family […]