Perpetrator mental health: Depression and suicidality as risk factors for domestic homicide (IN: Preventing Domestic Suicides: Lessons Learned from Tragedies, edited by P. Jaffe, K. Scott & A-L. Straatman)

In this chapter, we explore depression and suicidality as risk factors for domestic violence (DV) homicide. We begin by outlining evidence for the importance of depression and suicidality in potential perpetrators of lethal DV and discuss the specific case of homicide–suicide. We speculate on some of the reasons that these factors have not been more […]

Suicide, homicide, and all-cause mortality among transgender and cisgender patients in the Veterans Health Administration

Purpose: This study examines the differences in suicide, homicide, and all-cause mortality between transgender and cisgender Veterans Health Administration (VHA) patients. Methods: VHA electronic medical record data from October 1, 1999 to December 31, 2016 were used to create a sample of transgender and cisgender patients (n = 32,441). Cox proportional hazard regression was used to evaluate differences in […]

Evaluation of the quality of cause of death statistics in rural China using verbal autopsies.

Death registration systems in rural China are in a developmental stage. The Disease Surveillance Points (DSP) system provides the only nationally representative information on causes of death. In this system, there are no standard procedures or instruments for ascertaining causes of death; hence available statistics require careful evaluation before use. Contact us for a copy […]

Bullying, suicide, and homicide: understanding, assessing, and preventing threats to self and others for victims of bullying.

Includes CD.

Gender differences in the presence of drugs in violent deaths.

Aims: To investigate differences in the presence of drugs, by gender, when considering deaths attributable to homicides and suicides. Design: Logistic regression analysis of mortality data collected by the Colorado Violent Death Reporting System. Participants and Setting: A total of 5791 Colorado decedents who died of violent causes from 2004 to 2009. Measurement: Forensic pathologist […]

Homicide rates among persons aged 10-24 years–United States, 1981-2010.

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Do gun Buybacks Save Lives? Evidence From Panel Data

In 1997, Australia implemented a gun buyback program that reduced the stock of firearms by around one-fifth (& nearly halved the number of gun-owning households). Using differences across states, the authors tested whether the reduction in firearms availability affected homicide & suicide rates. It was found that the buyback led to a drop in the […]

Domestic Violence-Related Deaths

Using data from the “Surveillance for Violent Deaths – National Violent Death Reporting System, 16 States, 2005” (Karch et al, 2008), it is possible to extrapolate that as many as 7,832 male & 1,958 female domestic violence-related suicides occur annually in the United States. When domestic violence-related suicides are combined with domestic violence homicides, the […]

Commentary: Addressing Suicidality in the Treatment of Parricidal Offenders

The high rate of suicide among parricidal offenders has important treatment implications. It suggests that the assessment & management of suicide risk & of interpersonal violence needs to be conducted in an intregrative fashion. The role of hopelessness & despair in parricidal acts & the need to target these for treatment, ideally by combining group […]

Mortality Rates of Males who Commit Parricide or Other Violence Offense Against a Parent

This study examined & compared the mortality of matricidal & patricidal offenders by using a comprehensive national data set with follow-up ranging from 3-24 years. 99 matricidal, 113 patricidal, & 111 control violent male offenders were evaluated over the period 1973-2004 in Finland. One-third of deaths among parricidal offenders were due to suicide. The matricidal […]

National Confidential Inquiry Into Suicide and Homicide by People With Mental Illness. Annual Report: England and Wales

This report examines deaths by suicide & people convicted of homicide for the period January 1997-December 2007. Sudden unexplained deaths of psychiatric inpatients for the period March 1999-December 2007 are also reviewed. 14,429 cases of suicide & 589 convictions for homicide were identified as patient suicides & homicides, i.e. the individual had been in contact […]

Homicide Followed by Suicide: a Comparison With Homicide and Suicide

Homicide-suicides are a rare yet very serious form of lethal violence which mainly occur in partnerships & families. The extent to which homicide-suicide can be undertood as being primarily a homicide or a suicide event, or rather a category of its own is examined. In total, 103 homicide-suicides were compared to 3,203 homicides & 17,751 […]

Suicide in Detective Fiction (IN: Suicide and the Creative Arts, edited by S Stack & D Lester)

In real life, suicide may occur at a rate double the murder rate, yet is is relatively rare in detective fiction. This chapter examines reasons for this, asserting that the rules Auden, Van Dine, & Knox laid out for the genre have remained influential. These rules, particularly Auden’s, provide insight into audience needs & satisfactions […]

Lessons for Mental Health Care in Scotland

This report examines the details of individual cases of suicide & homicide by people with mental illness, asking: how many cases are there? what are the common themes? can we learn from them about risk & how to reduce it? Over the study period, there were around 5,000 suicides & around 500 homicides in Scotland. […]

Firearm Availability and Suicide, Homicide, and Unintentional Firearm Deaths Among Women

This study sought to determine whether measures of firearm availability are related to rates of suicide, homicide, & unintentional firearm deaths among American women. Pooled cross-sectional time series data on suicide, homicide, & unintentional firearm deaths (1988-1997) were used to estimate the association between the rate of violent death among women & 4 proxies of […]

The Psychodynamics of Suicide in Sophocles’s Plays (IN: Suicide and the Creative Arts, edited by S Stack & D Lester)

This chapter presents an analysis of self-destructive behaviour as depicted by the ancient Greek playwright Sophocles in two of his dramas, “Oedipus Rex” and “Antigone”. It is concluded the self-destructive behaviour depicted illustrates some of the psychodynamic processes often present in the minds of suicidal individuals but that the plays do not present new ideas […]

Doomsday Movements in Africa: Restoration of the Ten Commandments of God

This article investigates Kibwetere’s Movement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments of God. A brief summary of the Movement’s short history is followed by an outline of the movement’s main beliefs. This Ugandan cult’s sociohistoric context is analysed. The cult’s document, “A Timely Message”, is summarized & their relationship with a similar Marian movement […]

Homicide and Suicide Risks Associated With Firearms in the Home: a National Case-Control Study

The hypothesis that having a gun in the home is a risk factor for adults to be killed or to kill themselves was tested. Two case-control analyses were based on American samples of subjects 18 years of age & older. 10 living matched controls for each case subject were drawn from the 1994 National Health […]

Suicide in Nazi Concentration Camps, 1933-9

Combining legal, social, & political history, this article contributes to a more thorough understanding of the changing relationship between Nazi concentration camps as places of extra-legal terror & the judiciary, between Nazi terror & the law. It is argued the conflict between the judiciary & the SS was not a conflict between good & evil […]

Post-Prison Mortality: Unnatural Death Among People Released From Victorian Prisons Between January 1990 and December 1999

The extent & nature of unnatural death among people released from Victorian prisons between January 1990-December 1999 were examined. A total of 820 men & women were identified as having died unnatural deaths while not imprisoned prior to July 2000. The unnatural death rate of ex-prisoners was 10 times that found in the general Victorian […]

Domestic Homicide and Homicide-Suicide: the Older Offender

In a retrospective study of data from coroners’ files on domestic homicides involving individuals killed by an older spouse or family member over a 15-year period in Quebec, several specific offender & victim characteristics, & circumstances were identified. The homicide was frequently followed by the suicide of the perpetrator. Several victims had pre-existing medical illnesses. […]

Letter to the Editor

In this letter to the editor, the authors discuss how their systematic review of the epidemiology of homicide-suicide reached different conclusions from those of Eliason (2009) & two earlier reviews done in 1983 & 1992. A reply by Eliason follows.

Suicide and the Partition of India: a Need for Further Investigation

A search was undertaken to document cases of suicide during the partition of India into India & Pakistan in 1947. Cases were found for India & for women. The experience of those in Pakistan & of men was hard to locate. There is a need for further investigaton to provide a fuller picture of suicide […]