The law criminalizing attempted suicide in Ghana: The views of clinical psychologists, emergency ward nurses, and police officers

Background: Attempted suicide is still considered a crime in Ghana. Aims: The purpose of this study was to investigate the attitudes toward this law held by health workers and police officers in Ghana so as to provide culture-sensitive arguments to aid in abolishing the law. Method: Qualitative interviews were conducted with eight clinical psychologists, eight emergency ward nurses, […]

Epidemiologic characteristics of suicidal behavior in contemporary Ghana

Background: Suicidal behavior receives considerable coverage in African media. Yet, there has been limited empirical research that focuses explicitly on suicidal behavior in African societies, while comprehensive and reliable official data on the phenomenon are limited. Aims: This article contributes to the empirical research on suicidal behavior in African societies by examining police-recorded data on suicidal behavior […]

Correlates of suicide among middle and high school students in Ghana

Purpose We know little about the epidemiology of suicide among middle school students in Ghana, including the years preceding high school. This study explores the onset, characteristics, and recent patterns of suicide among Ghanaian middle and high school students. Methods This study used the World Health Organization Global School-based Student Health Survey (GSHS, 2012), which […]

Exploring the role of religion in the recovery experiences of suicide attempt survivors in Ghana

Background Religion performs a doubled edged role in a suicide crisis. On the one hand, it elicits empathic responses towards suicidal persons. On the other, it condemns and shames them. Although there is evidence that religion promotes better health and general wellbeing, little attention has been given to its role in recovery, especially after a […]

Media reportage of suicide among police officers in Ghana: A mixed method analysis

Rates of suicide have been recorded among the police in some parts of the world. Despite the attention that this topic has received, it appears that not much is being researched on it in Africa. Besides, research on suicide in Ghana has been skewed towards the public, to the neglect of the police. The sparse […]

Joining psychiatric care and faith healing in a prayer camp in Ghana: Randomised trial

Background: Care of people with serious mental illness in prayer camps in low-income countries generates human rights concerns and ethical challenges for outcome researchers. Aims To ethically evaluate joining traditional faith healing with psychiatric care including medications (Clinical identifier NCT02593734). Method: Residents of a Ghana prayer camp were randomly assigned to receive either indicated medication for schizophrenia […]

Suicidal behaviors in the Ghana police service: Prevalence and correlates in the Greater Accra Region

Background: Despite recent media reports showing disturbing trends of police suicides in Ghana, no published studies are available from the country. Aims: We sought to estimate the prevalence and describe some of the correlates of suicidal behaviors among police officers in the Greater Accra Region of Ghana. Method: We surveyed a convenience sample of 268 police officers, using the Suicide […]

Suicide attempts among 1,437 adolescents aged 12-17 years attending junior high schools in Ghana

Background: Emerging research on suicidal behaviors among adolescents in Ghana has been conducted mainly among senior high school students. Aims: We aimed to estimate the 12-month prevalence of suicide attempts and describe some of the general and gender-specific associated factors among adolescents attending junior high schools (JHSs) in Ghana. Method: We analyzed data from the 2012 Ghana Global School-Based Student […]

Adolescent self-harm in Ghana: A qualitative interview-based study of first-hand accounts

Background Recent prevalence studies suggest that self-harm among adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa is as common as it is in high income countries. However, very few qualitative studies exploring first-person accounts of adolescent self-harm are available from sub-Saharan Africa. We sought to explore the experiences and first-person perspectives of Ghanaian adolescents reporting self-harm – for deeper […]

Societal reactions to suicide in Ghana: A qualitative study of experiences of the bereaved

Abstract. Background: Condemnatory reactions toward suicide are prevalent in Africa, yet no study has examined how society reacts to suicides from the perspective of suicide-bereaved persons. Aims: This qualitative study explored societal reactions to suicides so as to further our understanding of the problem in Ghana. Method: Using a semi-structured interview guide, we interviewed 45 close relations of 14 men who […]

Adolescent suicide in Ghana: A content analysis of media reports.

Adolescent suicide is now a major health concern for many countries. However, there is paucity of systematic studies and lack of official statistics on adolescent suicide in Ghana. Mass media coverage of adolescent suicide (even though crude), at least, may reflect the reality of the phenomenon. With an ecological orientation, this study used qualitative content […]

Better dead than dishonored: masculinity and male suicidal behavior in contemporary Ghana.

In Ghana reliable official data on suicidal behavior are not available. There is also limited empirical research on suicidal behavior in the country. At the same time, police-recorded suicide data, media reports, and communication from professionals in the field indicate that suicidal behavior is a growing problem. To identify current patterns and meanings of male […]

Self-Reported Suicidal Behavior and Attitudes Toward Suicide and Suicide Prevention Among Psychology Students in Ghana, Uganda, and Norway


Sociocultural Determinants of Suicide Ideation: a Comparison Between American and Ghanaian College Samples

This study investigated the role of gender, family cohesion, religiosity, & negative suicide attitudes as potential determinants of cultural differences in suicide ideation among 375 college students from Ghana & the U.S. Significant cultural differences were found for suicide ideation, family closeness, religiosity, & negative suicide attitudes. Family cohesion & negative attitudes were significant predictors […]

Role of Gender and Rumination in Suicide Ideation: a Comparison of College Samples From Ghana and the United States

The role of ruminative coping & gender as potential moderators of cultural differences in suicide ideation among 194 college students from Ghana & the United States were studied using the Adult Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire & the Rumination scale of the Response Style Questionnaire. Significant main effects for cultural group & gender were found for suicide […]