Suicide scripts in Italian newspapers: Women’s suicide as a symptom of personal problems and men’s suicide as a symptom of social problems

Background: There is substantial variability, by culture, in suicide rates, and also in suicide beliefs and attitudes. Suicide beliefs and attitudes predict actual suicidality. They also are elements of cultural scripts of suicide. Most suicide-scripts research has been conducted in Anglophone countries. Aims: This study investigates women’s and men’s suicide scripts in Italy. Methods: Italy’s suicide scripts, including beliefs about […]

Hospital admissions due to suicide attempts during the COVID-19 pandemic, a 3-year longitudinal study

The appearance of the SARS CoV-2 virus and the associated COVID-19 pandemic has been associated with the onset of mental disorders in healthy people and the worsening in those with pre-existing mental conditions. One of the areas that has raised the greatest concern is that of suicidality. Most of the published studies have been carried […]

Thoughts about dropping out of studies as warning sign for suicidal ideation and mental health problems in male university students

Despite increasing rates for suicidal ideation in university students, male students remain reluctant in reporting such thoughts. It is thus paramount to establish more easily detectable risk factors for male students. The present study examines study dropout thoughts as  potential low-threshold risk factor as well as gender-differences in established risk patterns. A total of N […]

A review of evidence on the link between masculinity, loneliness, and suicide as observed in social media discussions

This review explores qualitative studies that examined the relationship between loneliness and suicide among young men (18-25 years) as it is discussed on social media. In the 8 papers we identified, analyses validated the relationship between loneliness and suicide in social media discourses. The findings also show that attitudes towards masculinity and mental health prevent […]

Intersectional prevalence of suicide ideation, plan, and attempt based on gender, sexual orientation, race and ethnicity, and rurality

Importance: Suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STBs) are major public health problems, and some social groups experience disproportionate STB burden. Studies assessing STB inequities for single identities (eg, gender or sexual orientation) cannot evaluate intersectional differences and do not reflect that the causes of inequities are due to structural-level (vs individual-level) processes. Objective: To examine differences in STB […]

Changing trends in suicide mortality and firearm involvement among black young adults in the United States, 1999-2019

The suicide rate among adolescents and young adults in the United States increased 57% between 2007 and 2018, from 6.8 to 10.7 deaths per 100 000 individuals. Recent research characterized as alarming the increases in overall suicide rates among young Black and other racial/ethnic minority populations. To assess the temporal trends in overall suicide and […]

Why is non-suicidal self-injury more common in women? Mediation and moderation analyses of psychological distress, emotion dysregulation, and impulsivity

Objective: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) appears to be more common among women than men, though the underlying reasons for this remain unclear. In a community sample of young adults (N = 996, aged 18-33) assessed during the COVID-19 pandemic, we investigated alternative explanation for the NSSI prevalence gap: are women more likely to experience the feelings which lead […]

Suicide at very advanced age: The extreme of the gender paradox

Suicide figures are declining globally. Most recent estimates suggest 788,000 deaths in 2015 as representative of the global mortality due to suicide (World Health Organization [WHO], 2017). Despite these changes, older adults continue to represent the segment of population most exposed to the risk of suicide nearly everywhere in the world. The gender paradox in […]

Suicide among women in Brazil: A necessary discussion from a gender perspective

Suicide among women is a matter of public health, and there is a lack of scientific literature on this issue. In this theoretical essay, we sought to discuss suicide among women in Brazil from a gender perspective. For that purpose, we adopted the idea that gender extrapolates the concept of sex, considering that differences between […]

Disparities in suicide-related behaviors across sexual orientations by gender: A retrospective cohort study using linked health administrative data

Objective: The authors used a population-representative sample and health administrative data to quantify suicide-related behavior leading to acute care or deaths across self-identified heterosexual, gay/lesbian, and bisexual individuals. Methods: Data from a population-based survey (N=123,995) were linked to health administrative data (2002-2019), and differences in time to suicide-related behavior events across sexual orientations were examined using Cox […]

Sex differences in suicide trends among adolescents aged 10 to 14 years in Canada

Suicide rates appear to be rising rapidly among youth in North America. Historically, adolescent males have had much higher rates than females; however, this gap may be narrowing due to rising suicides among female adolescents. Over the last 40 years, reported youth suicide rates in the United States have increased most disproportionately among females aged […]

Is anybody there? A longitudinal examination of help-seeking and suicidal risk among Latino, Black, and non-Hispanic white adolescents

Introduction Understanding adolescents’ and emerging adults’ help-seeking behaviors is important to curb suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STB), especially among racial/ethnic minorities who have some of the highest chronic rates of STB in the United States. Learning how diverse groups of adolescents seek help during emotional crises can help us understand the stark health disparities related […]

Teaching gender competency with Men in Mind: Foundations of an online training program for mental health practitioners

Recognition of the importance of mental health practitioners’ enactment of ‘gender competency’ when working with men is growing. This article describes the development and theoretical background to a novel online training program for practitioners, called Men in Mind. The training focuses on men’s gender socialization, engaging male clients in therapy, and responding effectively to men’s depression and […]

The characteristics and effects of suicide attempters’ suicidality levels in gender differences

Objective: The causal reasons for gender differences in suicide attempt and suicide death have been addressed by previous studies: Some emphasized suicidal intent, while others focused on method lethality. The  present study is to examine the effects of suicidality levels defined as severity of intent and method lethality on gender differences. Methods: The data were […]

Suicide and the economy: A regional analysis of Italy

This note investigates the empirical pattern of suicides across Italy over the last 15 years. Typically, a country shares similar basic cultural and social macro-features. Yet in Italy there are marked variations across the regions such that it provides a useful setting to examine the economic factors that influence suicidality. The results align with some earlier […]

Suicide exposure and the impact of client suicide: A structural equation modeling approach

Objective: Client suicide, used to refer to situations where a mental health practitioner (MHP) is exposed, affected, or bereaved by a client’s suicide, is known to have a profound impact on MHPs. The current study investigated (1) the short- and long-term impact of client suicide and (2) to what extent gender, years of experience, therapeutic background, […]

The rate of fatality and demographic characteristics associated with various suicide methods: A community-based study in Northern Taiwan

Background: Understanding lethality and risk factors of suicide methods is an initial step in suicide prevention. Aims: To investigate the fatality rate and demographic characteristics of various suicide methods. Method: This study enrolled consecutive individuals with episodes of suicide attempts registered in a surveillance database in a city with a high rate of suicide mortality in Taiwan, from […]

Gender differences in deliberate self-poisoning in Hungary: Analyzing the effect of precipitating factors and their relation to depression

Background: The suicide rate in Hungary is one of the highest in the European Union, with a male-female ratio of 3.55:1. Suicide rates correlate positively with suicide attempts, for which depression is the most frequent underlying disorder. Aims: The aim of this qualitative study was to examine gender differences in suicide attempts, with a focus on the […]

Media representation of gender patterns of suicide in Taiwan

Background: Extensive media reporting of suicide events has been indicated as a contributing factor to the upsurge in suicide rates in Taiwan in the past decade. Aims: The study compares gender differences in sociodemographic profiles and method of suicide selectively reported in the newspapers and all suicide cases registered in official death records. It also identifies gender differences […]

The mediating role of emotion regulation on self-harm among gender identity and sexual orientation minority (LGBTQ+) individuals

Objective: The present study was conducted to (1) investigate the role of emotion regulation difficulties among self-harming Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer, or Questioning (LGBTQ+) individuals and (2) to test for a mediating role of emotion regulation difficulties in self-harm among LGBTQ + individuals. Method: This study investigated the relationship between LGBTQ + status, self-reported levels of […]

Gender in the suicidal experience: A qualitative study among adolescents

Background Teenaged boys die more often than girls by suicide, although they report fewer suicide attempts and seek less care. The aim of this work is to explore the subjective experience of adolescent suicidal behavior to determine the aspects that are common to adolescent girls and boys and those that are specific to one gender. […]

Early adolescence and suicidal ideations in Croatia: Sociodemographic, behavioral, and psychometric correlates

Background/aims: Suicidal ideations (SI) indicate and predict psychological distress. We examined the prevalence of SI among early adolescents and its association with parental war participation, personal, behavioral, and sociodemographic characteristics. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional questionnaire study on 803 12-year-old adolescents. Data were collected using a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Junior Eysenck Personality Questionnaire and Children Depression Inventory. […]

Suicidal ideation, friendships with delinquents, social and parental connectedness, and differential associations by sex: Findings among high-risk pre/early adolescent population

Background: The association between suicidal ideation, friendships with delinquents, and social/parental connectedness among pre/early adolescents who reside in high-risk communities is poorly understood. Aims: This study examined among high-risk youths: (1) the association between suicidal ideation and having delinquent friends, school connectedness, social support, and different parenting styles (i.e., caring only, supervision only, caring with supervision); and, […]