When a child dies by suicide: An interpretative phenomenological analysis study

Suicide is a global concern for the well-being of families. When parents experience their child’s death by suicide, their well-being can be substantially impaired. This study aimed to explore the lived experiences of parents whose children died by suicide. Data were collected from 25 mothers through interviews between 2019 and 2021 and analyzed using interpretive […]

A loss by suicide: The relationship between meaning-making, post-traumatic growth, and complicated grief

Meaning making has been found useful in processing grief, yet individuals who have experienced a loss by suicide may have difficulty with post-loss adjustment due to the traumatic nature of their loss. Through quantitative study, this article acts as an initial exploratory study and examines the relationship between meaning-making, post-traumatic growth, and complicated grief symptoms […]

Shame, depression, and complicated grief among suicide loss-survivors: The moderating role of self-disclosure

Background: Suicide-loss survivors (SLSs) are recognised as an at-risk population for several psychiatric complications, including complicated grief (CG) and depression (SI). However, whereas shame is known as one of the characteristics of this population, knowledge about possible psychological processes which may moderate the contribution of shame levels to CG and depression in the aftermath of suicide […]

Longitudinal intercorrelations between complicated grief and posttraumatic growth among suicide survivors

Background Suicide survivors are prone to elevated risk for several psychiatric and somatic complications, including complicated grief (CG) and depression. Recent studies have highlighted the possibility of posttraumatic growth (PTG) among suicide survivors. However, to date, no longitudinal study has focused on the relationships between CG and PTG among suicide survivors. Aims In this 18-month […]

Telling a complicated grief: A psychodynamic study on mental health nurses’ countertransference reactions to patients’ suicidal behavior

A key element of suicide education, training and clinical supervision is enhancing emotional awareness about mental health professionals’ countertransference reactions, as emotional responses to patients’ suicidal behavior (SB) that may be unbeneficial to care. This study aimed to explore emotional responses to patients’ SB in mental health nurses (MHNs) according to a psychodynamic perspective. Twenty-eight […]

Using multiple regression analyses to uncover patterns of correlates of grief problems, depression and suicidal ideation among suicide bereaved individuals

This analysis of a convenience sample survey of 195 suicide bereaved adults focuses on predictors of three important highly interrelated experiences among the suicide bereaved: grief problems, depression and suicidal thinking. Although each of these three experiences can be explained by a unique set of predictors, they share many commonalities. Several predictors stood out especially […]

Interpersonal predictors of suicide ideation and complicated-grief trajectories among suicide bereaved individuals: A four-year longitudinal study

Background Survivors of suicide loss (suicide survivors) are recognized as an at-risk population for several psychiatric complications, including complicated grief (CG) and suicide ideation (SI). Recent studies have emphasized the contribution of interpersonal factors, such as thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness, on distress and suicidality. However, no longitudinal study has examined the predictive values of […]

Online-group intervention after suicide bereavement through the use of webinars: Study protocol for randomized controlled trial

Introduction The death of a significant person through suicide is a very difficult experience and can have long-term impact on an individual’s psychosocial and physical functioning. However, there are only few studies which have examined the effects of interventions in suicide survivors. In the present study, we examined an online-group intervention for people bereaved by […]

Transgender and gender non-conforming bereavement (TGNC): A case study on complicated grief experienced and the effect of partner suicide on interpersonal relationships and subsequent partnerships of the bereaved

Grief, death, bereavement, and loss do not discriminate based on gender identity or sexual orientation. Limited attention has been given to the bereaved partners of transgender and gender non-conforming persons (TGNC). Despite recent efforts to protect the rights of TGNC persons, the death of a TGNC partner is often complicated, marked by family members and […]

Does prolonged grief or suicide bereavement cause public stigma? A vignette-based experiment

Prolonged grief disorder (PGD), characterized by severe, persistent and disabling grief, is newly included in the International Classification of Diseases 11 (ICD-11). Receiving a PGD diagnosis could lead to stigmatizing public reactions (i.e. public stigma), yet research on this topic is limited. Additionally, while there is evidence that experiencing suicide bereavement causes public stigma, no […]

Medical comorbidity in complicated grief: Results from the HEAL collaborative trial.

Objective To describe medical comorbidity in persons with Complicated Grief (CG) and to test whether medical comorbidity in individuals with CG is associated with the severity and duration of CG, after adjusting for age, sex, race, and current depressive symptoms. Methods In exploratory analyses, we compared data from participants in an NIMH-sponsored multisite clinical trial […]

The impact of losing a child on the clinical presentation of complicated grief.

It is unclear whether bereaved parents with Complicated Grief (CG) struggle with their grief differently than others with CG. This study addressed this question by comparing CG severity, CG-related symptoms, thoughts and behaviors, and comorbid psychiatric diagnoses of bereaved parents with CG to the diagnoses and symptoms of others with CG. Even in the context […]

Attachment, continuing bonds, and complicated grief following violent loss: Testing a moderated model.

Continuing Bonds were less predictive of Complicated Grief symptomatology for individuals with high anxiety and low avoidance, and most predictive of intense grieving for bereaved people whose attachment styles were more highly avoidant and minimally anxious. These findings suggest the relevance of evaluating the appropriateness of clinical techniques that emphasize or deemphasize the CB for […]

Suicide bereavement and complicated grief: Experiential avoidance as a mediating mechanism.


The return to the sacred path: Healing the historical trauma and historical unresolved grief response among the Lakota through a psychoeducational group intervention.


Unresolved grief and mourning in Navajo women.

Grief and mourning are normal psychological processes in response to loss. They are the means whereby individuals psychologically let go and free themselves from the bonds of attachment to others. Although characteristic stages and phases of this process can be discerned, there is considerable cultural patterning and shaping of this experience. Case examples are given […]

Complicated grief and bereavement-related depression as distinct disorders: Preliminary empirical validation in elderly bereaved spouses.

This study sought to determine whether a set of symptoms interpreted as complicated grief could be identified and distinguished from bereavement-related depression and whether the presence of complicated grief would predict enduring functional impairments. Seven symptoms constituted complicated grief: searching, yearning, preoccupation with thoughts of the deceased, crying, disbelief regarding the death, feeling stunned by […]

The effectiveness of guided mourning for adults with complicated mourning.

Guided mourning can be effective in helping an adult move through the mourning process. It is, however, imperative that the practitioner understands the mourning process and what has prevented the bereaved from moving forward through the process. Given how common grief and mourning are in the human experience, there is surprisingly little research on what […]

Bereavement and mental health after sudden and violent losses: A review.

This paper reviews the literature on the psychological consequences of sudden and violent losses, including disaster and military losses. It also reviews risk and resilience factors for grief and mental health and describes the effects and possible benefit of psychosocial interventions. Contact us for a copy of this article, or view online at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/221684209_Bereavement_and_Mental_Health_after_Sudden_and_Violent_Losses_A_Review

Course of bereavement over 8-10 years in first degree relatives and spouses of people who committed suicide: Longitudinal community based cohort study.

To identify factors predicting the long term course of complicated grief, depression, and suicide ideation in a community based sample of relatives bereaved through suicide.

Walking forward: Grief and loss program for children and youth.

Additional title information: Dedicated to our ancestors upon whose shoulders we stand and the future seven generations.

Suicide of a close family member through the eyes of a child: A narrative case study report.


The historical trauma response among Natives and its relationship with substance abuse: A Lakota illustration.