Year: 2014 Source: Smith College Studies in Social Work.(1998).68(3):287-305. DOI:10.1080/00377319809517532 SIEC No: 20140169

This article, based on research conducted with Lakota human service providers, concludes that the Lakota (Teton Sioux) suffer from impaired grief of an enduring and pervasive quality. Impaired grief results from massive cumulative trauma associated with such cataclysmic events as the assassination of Sitting Bull, the Wounded Knee Massacre, and the forced removal of Lakota children to boarding schools.