Effects on maternal suicidal ideation on child cognitive development: A longitudinal analysis.

Abstract This study aimed to assess the association between suicidal ideation among mothers living with HIV in Zimbabwe and the cognitive development of their children. Participants were mother–child dyads recruited from two rural districts in Zimbabwe. Data were collected at baseline and 12 months follow-up. Suicidal ideation was assessed using item-10 from the Edinburgh postnatal […]

Effect of a primary care-based psychological intervention on symptoms of common mental disorders in Zimbabwe: A randomized clinical trial

Importance  Depression and anxiety are common mental disorders globally but are rarely recognized or treated in low-income settings. Task-shifting of mental health care to lay health workers (LHWs) might decrease the treatment gap. Objective  To evaluate the effectiveness of a culturally adapted psychological intervention for common mental disorders delivered by LHWs in primary care. Design, Setting, and […]

Nurses’ Views of Parasuicide in a Developing Country

Using a detailed questionnaire, knowledge, attitudes & experiences of nurses with regard to patients who have attempted suicide were examined. The study focused on the relationship of traditional Shona beliefs about suicide & considered how they interact with western medical beliefs. Knowledge of suicide was found to be poor & attitudes toward attempters were negative. […]

Suicide in Zimbabwe

This paper reports suicide rates for Zimbabwe in the 1980s & compares them to rates reported in an earlier paper (see SIEC #833069). Overall, the suicide rate has remained stable in Zimbabwe although the methods used for suicide have changed somewhat. (6 refs.)

Suicide and Attempted Suicide Among the Shona

Although suicide is significantly less common among the Shona-speaking people than among Europeans in Rhodesia, no significant difference between the Shona living in Salisbury urban & periurban areas & those in 3 selected Tribal Trust Lands was found. The number of cases of attempted suicide was far more common in Salisbury than in the selected […]

The Pattern of Poisoning From Traditional Medicines in Urban Zimbabwe

A 10-year (1980-89) retrospective study was carried out at Zimbabwe’s six main urban hospitals to evaluate the epidemiology of poisoning caused by traditional medicines. A total of 1,456 cases were recorded. 8% of all cases were accidental poisonings while 0.2% were suicides & 2% were parasuicides. The authors state that the use of traditional medicine […]

Teenage Suicide in Zimbabwe

The teenage suicide rate in Zimbabwe did not change much during the 1970s, though the rate rose for female teenagers. Female teenagers used poison as a method of suicide more often than did adults, & self-immolation had increased in frequency among young women by the mid-1980s. Suicide rates are also provided for all ages, & […]

Some Patterns of Suicide & Parasuicide in Africa

This summary looks at patterns of suicide in the 5 major geographic areas of Africa represented by Egypt, Nigeria, Zimbabwe, Zambia & South Africa. Evidence indicates a relatively low rate of suicide & attempted suicide in comparison with non-Africans & Africans elsewhere. There appears to be a gradual change from hanging to chemicals as a […]

Suicide and Attempted Suicide in the Urban and Rural African in Rhodesia

This study supports earlier findings that suicide & attempted suicide are both much rarer among the African population than among the white population in Rhodesia. The usual method of suicide by the African is hanging; in the European it is shooting, poisoning or drug overdose. More suicides occurred among rural Africans than townsmen. Attempted suicide, […]

A Preliminary Investigation into Parasuicide in Salisbury, Zimbabwe — 1979/1980

Suicides in Rhodesia

The returns of the Rhodesion Attorney General are analysed retrospectively over a one year period for Africans (271 cases) and over a five year period for Europeans (165 cases). Highlighted are the crude suicide rates, age and sex differences, and the time of year. The methods chosen to commit suicide are markedly different between the […]