What is helpful and what is challenging for the caregivers of young people receiving interventions to prevent suicide? Caregivers’ perspectives — a rapid scoping review

Background: Suicide is a leading cause of death among young people. Preventing suicide in young people is a priority. Caregivers play a vital role in ensuring interventions for young people experiencing suicide ideation and/or attempts are implemented, and that they are maintained over time. Despite this, little is known about what caregivers find helpful and […]

Engaging with whanau to improve coronial investigations into rangatahi suicide

This article reports the findings of two studies of the Aotearoa coronial service that sought to understand how coronial processes engage with whānau who have lost a rangatahi to suicide. The aim of the combined study was to understand the extent to which coronial investigations met the needs of Māori bereaved by suicide. We conducted […]

Can the metaverse be good for youth mental health?

Nearly every young person spends a large part of their life in online spaces. On social media platforms, in digital games, and in augmented-, virtual-, and mixed-reality environments, they are exposed to a vast  range of content with unlimited opportunity to engage with other users. For many young people, these interactions are ongoing and frequent, […]

24-hour warning signs for adolescent suicide attempts

Background: Little is known about when youth may be at greatest risk for attempting suicide, which is critically important information for the parents, caregivers, and professionals who care for youth at risk. This study used adolescent and parent reports, and a case-crossover, within-subject design to identify 24-hour warning signs (WS) for suicide attempts. Methods: Adolescents (N = 1094, ages 13 […]

Dynamic reciprocal relationships between traditional media reports, social media postings, and youth suicide in Taiwan between 2012 and 2021

Rising social media use over the past decade has been linked with increasing suicide rates among young people. Previous studies that assessed the impact of social media on suicide have typically focused on single social media platforms, such as Twitter, and assumed unidirectional associations, where social media posts leads to suicide. Our study focused on […]

A study on factors influencing youth to commit suicide in Kashmir

Suicide is one of the burning issues worldwide as its rate is increasing continuously. This paper examines the status of suicide in the world and factors influencing youth of Kashmir to commit suicide. The study was carried out  in Kashmir region in the year 2023 to trace the various socio-economic, political and cultural factors which […]

A systematic review of MRI studies and the “Emotional paiN and social Disconnet (END)” brain model of suicidal behavior in youth

Introduction. Risk of suicidal ideation and suicidal behaviors greatly increases during adolescence, and rates have risen dramatically over the past two decades. However, few risk factors or biomarkers predictive of suicidal ideation or attempted suicide have been identified in adolescents. Neuroimaging correlates hold potential for early identification of adolescents at increased risk of suicidality and […]

Responding to suicide in school communities: An examination of postvention guidance from expert recommendations and empirical studies

Purpose of Review We review the published literature on a school’s response after a student dies by suicide (“postvention”). We examine published recommendations based on expert guidance and empirical studies that have evaluated postvention measures. Recent Findings Experts recommend careful communication with family, staff, and students that adheres to published suicide reporting guidelines. Experts also […]

Suicidality and protective factors among sexual and gender minority youth and adults in Canada: A cross‑sectional, population‑based study

Background Sexual and gender minority populations experience elevated risks for suicidality. This study aimed to assess prevalence and disparities in non-fatal suicidality and potential protective factors related to social support and health care access among sexual and gender minority youth and adults and their heterosexual and cisgender counterparts in Canada. The second objective was to […]

Sleep deprivation and suicide risk among minoritized US adolescents

Objectives To assess (1) the prevalence of suicide ideation/behavior among adolescents with short sleep by race/ethnicity and (2) the association between sleep duration and suicidal ideation and behavior among American youth by race/ethnicity from 2007 to 2019. Methods Data were drawn from the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS). Logistic regression analyses were used to […]

Self-harm among youth during the first 28 months of the COVID-19 pandemic in Ontario, Canada: A population-based study

Background: Youth have reported worsening mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic. We sought to evaluate rates of pediatric acute care visits for self-harm during the pandemic according to age, sex and mental health service use. Methods: We conducted a population-based, repeated cross-sectional study using linked health administrative data sets to measure monthly rates of emergency department visits […]

Improving youth suicide risk screening and assessment in a pediatric hospital setting by using the Joint Commission Guidelines

Objectives: Hospitals accredited by The Joint Commission (TJC) are now required to use a validated screening tool and a standardized method for assessment of suicide risk in all behavioral health patients. Our aims for this study were (1) to implement a TJC-compliant process of suicide risk screening and assessment in the pediatric emergency department (ED) and […]

Impact of position in family on suicide: A case-control psychological autopsy study among Chinese rural youths

Introduction. Suicide remains an important public health issue in China. Existing literature on the relationship between individual-familial variables and suicide risk mainly focused on family socioeconomic status, and few studies analyzed the effect of position in family on suicide. In this study, we aimed to explore the association between position in family and suicide among […]

A multidimensional approach for differentiating the clinical needs of young people presenting for primary mental health care

Objectives There is an ongoing necessity to match clinical interventions with the multidimensional needs of young people. A key step toward better service planning and the design of optimal models of care is to use multidimensional assessment to understand the clinical needs of those presenting to primary mental health care. Methods 1284 people aged 12–25 years presenting to […]

A study on socio-economic and psychological causes of suicide among youths in India

Over the last few years, the number of suicide cases in India has increased at a significant level, thereby influencing the youth in a negative way. There are several reasons that can be considered as potential causes of suicide that, include depression, financial loss, poor academic performance, and many more. These reasons influence the mind […]

Which programmes and policies across health and community settings will generate the most significant impacts for youth suicide prevention in Australia and the UK? Protocol for a systems modelling and simulation study

Introduction: Suicide is a leading cause of mortality among young people aged 15-24 globally. Despite the deployment of comprehensive suicide prevention strategies, we still do not know which interventions, for which groups of young people, for how long and with what intensity could generate the most significant reductions in suicide rates. System dynamics modelling has the […]

Use of new technologies in suicide prevention in adolescents: Systematic literature review

Introduction: Suicide is one of the main causes of death in adolescents. In assessing suicide risk, technology is gaining ground. Adolescents have experienced users of technology, justifying interventions based on new technologies in suicide prevention. Objective: To identify the benefits of using new technologies to prevent suicide risk in adolescents. Methods: Systematic literature review. The […]

Interpersonal stress and proinflammatory activity in emerging adults with a history of suicide risk: A pilot study

Interpersonal stress during adolescence and young adulthood can threaten healthy developmental trajectories. A “primed” proinflammatory response to acute stress may serve as an underlying process that results in negative outcomes for youth. The present pilot study examined the relation between interpersonal stress and two proinflammatory cytokines in a sample of 42 university-recruited emerging adults with […]

Suicide among minors in Ukraine: Manifestations and ways to prevent

The article aims to find out the essentiality of such a concept as “juvenile suicide” and the search for ways to prevent it. The object of the study is social relations in the field of combating suicide among minors. During the research, the authors used a particular set of general scientific and unique scientific methods, […]

The contribution across three generations of mercury exposure to attempted suicide among children and youth in Grassy Narrows First Nation, Canada: An intergenerational analysis

Background: For 60 y, the people of Asubpeeschoseewagong Anishinabek (Grassy Narrows First Nation) have endured the effects of massive mercury (Hg) contamination of their river system, central to their traditions, culture, livelihood, and diet. In the years following the Hg discharge into the English–Wabigoon River system by a chloralkali plant in the early 1970s, there […]

To what extent are trends in teen mental health driven by changes in reporting? The example of suicide-related hospital visits

Rising reports of suicidal behaviors in children and adolescents have led to the recognition of a youth mental health crisis. However, reported rates can be influenced by access to screening and changes in reporting conventions, as well as by changes in social stigma. Using data on all hospital visits in New Jersey from 2008-2019, we […]

Interventions for youth suicide and suicide-related behaviour: An update to a systematic review

Objective: To update our 2018 review with the latest evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) on the effectiveness of interventions to prevent youth suicide and suicide-related behaviour. Method: In keeping with our 2018 review, Embase, PsycInfo, and Medline were searched using relevant key words. Included trials were RCTs evaluating the impact of an intervention or approach designed […]

Firearms access among pediatric patients at risk for suicide

Background: Approximately 2,900 youth who die by suicide each year in the United States use a firearm. To inform lethal means safety counseling efforts, this study aimed to describe firearm access among youth deemed at risk for suicide in pediatric medical settings. Methods: Youth who presented to one of four urban pediatric medical centers were screened for […]