Factor structure and validity of the suicidal narrative inventory among Indian adults

Background: The suicidal narrative is a presuicidal state comprising several risk factors for suicide and is assessed using the Suicidal Narrative Inventory (SNI). Aims To assess the internal structure, reliability, and validity of SNI among Indian adults. Methods Between August 2020 and January 2021, the SNI, together with other self-report measures, was administered to adult respondents using an online anonymized […]

Suicide risk in male incarcerated individuals in Spain: Clinical, criminological and prison‑related correlates

Background Prison suicide is a complex phenomenon that may be influenced by individual, clinical, social and environmental factors. In Spain, few studies have explored the relationship with institutional, prison-related variables. The aim of this study is to examine correlates of suicide in a sample of male incarcerated individuals from 5 Spanish penitentiary centers. Methods This […]

Predicting suicide attempts among Norwegian adolescents without using suicide-related items: A machine learning approach

Introduction: Research on the classification models of suicide attempts has predominantly depended on the collection of sensitive data related to suicide. Gathering this type of information at the population level can be challenging, especially when it pertains to adolescents. We addressed two main objectives: (1) the feasibility of classifying adolescents at high risk of attempting suicide […]

A review of research on moral injury and suicide risk

Purpose of Review This review summarizes empirical studies investigating the associations between moral injury and suicide-related outcomes. Recent Findings A total of 47 studies met inclusion criteria and were reviewed. Samples included military, veteran, and civilian populations. Overall, more exposure to potentially morally injurious events (PMIE) and greater morally injurious symptom severity were both related […]

Suicide risk and prevention among U.S. Military veterans: A topical review

Veterans are a group at increased risk for death by suicide. Veteran suicide is a complex multidetermined behavior, and preventing suicide among Veterans requires community collaboration and partnership to grow awareness, reduce stigma, and increase access to suicide prevention resources. This article discusses current theories of suicide including Joiner’s (2005) Interpersonal Theory of Suicide and […]

Risk for suicidal behavior after psychiatric hospitalization among sexual and gender minority patients

Abstract Importance  The months following inpatient psychiatric hospitalization are a period of high risk for suicidal behavior. Sexual and gender minority (SGM) individuals have elevated risk for suicidal behavior, but no prior research has examined whether SGM inpatients have disproportionate risk for suicidal behavior following discharge from psychiatric hospitalization. Objectives  To evaluate whether SGM patients have elevated […]

Psychiatric health care need in Hungary identified by the short screening algorithm of depression and suicide risk used in general medical practices

Suicides are often related to depression. General medical practices (GMPs) should play a role in screening depression. We aimed to test the screening algorithm of Rihmer and Torzsa for depression and suicide and determine the prevalence and number of patients in the nationwide representative Hungarostudy 2002 population, and to estimate the corresponding extra health care […]

Patients with first versus multiple episodes of self‑harm: How do their profiles differ?

Background Self-harm (SH) is among the strongest predictors of further episodes of SH, suicide attempt, and death by suicide. People who repeteadly harm themselves are at even higher risk for suicide. Factors influencing the repetition are important to identify when assessing suicidal risk and thereafter to offer specific interventions. Therefore, this study aimed to compare […]

Factors associated with suicide in people who use drugs: A scoping review

Background Suicide is a significant contributor to global mortality. People who use drugs (PWUD) are at increased risk of death by suicide relative to the general population, but there is a lack of information on associated candidate factors for suicide in this group. The aim of this study was to provide a comprehensive overview of […]

Association rule mining of real-world data: Uncovering links between race, glycemic control, lipid profiles, and suicide attempts in individuals with diabetes

Aims: The increased risk of suicide among individuals with diabetes is a significant public health concern. However, few studies have focused on understanding the relationship between suicide attempts and diabetes. Association rule mining (ARM) is a data  mining technique to discover a set of high-risk factors of a given disease. Therefore, this study aimed to […]

Are false positives in suicide classification models a risk group? Evidence for “true alarms” in a population-representative longitudinal study of Norwegian adolescents

Introduction: False positives in retrospective binary suicide attempt classification models are commonly attributed to sheer classification error. However, when machine learning suicide attempt classification models are trained with a multitude of psycho-socio-environmental factors and achieve high accuracy in suicide risk assessment, false positives may turn out to be at high risk of developing suicidal behavior or […]

A replication and extension of bifactor modelling of perseverative thought in an at-risk community sample: Exploring sex differences in the structure of PT

Background Perseverative thought (PT) is a transdiagnostic construct associated with internalizing disorders. Bifactor models have shown that PT can be split into a general PT factor and lower-order factors for specific forms of PT, such as rumination and worry. No bifactor study to date has investigated if the structure of PT differs across sexes. Methods […]

Suicidal behavior in persons attended in out-of-hospital emergency services in Spain

Background: The aims of this study were to describe the use of health services by patients attended for suicidal behavior by out-of-hospital emergency services and to identify the variables associated with the repetition of this behavior in Spain. Methods: An analytical, observational, retrospective study was carried out. A total of 554 patients attended by the mobile teams […]

A study on socio-economic and psychological causes of suicide among youths in India

Over the last few years, the number of suicide cases in India has increased at a significant level, thereby influencing the youth in a negative way. There are several reasons that can be considered as potential causes of suicide that, include depression, financial loss, poor academic performance, and many more. These reasons influence the mind […]

Mental health and suicide risk among homosexual males in Bangladesh

Background Homosexual individuals are at high risk of suicide, but there is a shortage of data from developing countries to confirm this. Estimates on mental health and suicide risk among male homosexuals in Bangladesh are needed to generate awareness and to plan services accordingly. Method We assessed mental health and suicidal behavior of 102 self-identified […]

Assessing vulnerability to surges in suicide-related tweets using Japan census data: Case-only study

Background: As the use of social media becomes more widespread, its impact on health cannot be ignored. However, limited research has been conducted on the relationship between social media and suicide. Little is known about individuals’ vulnerable to suicide, especially when social media suicide information is extremely prevalent. Objective: This study aims to identify the […]

Examining sleep disturbance components as near-term predictors of suicide ideation in daily life

Suicide ideation emerges and fluctuates over short timeframes (minutes, hours, days); however, near-term predictors of such fluctuations have not been well-elucidated. Sleep disturbance is a distal suicide risk factor, but less work has examined whether daily sleep disturbance predicts near-term changes in suicide ideation. We examined subjective sleep disturbance components as predictors of passive and […]

Physical health problems as a suicide precipitant: Associations with other risk factors and suicide methods in three age groups of older decedents

Background and Objectives: Physical health problems are a significant late-life suicide precipitant. This study’s purpose was to examine differences in (i) other suicide precipitants and psychiatric/substance use problems, and (ii) suicide methods (firearms, hanging/suffocation, and poisoning) in 3 age groups (55–64, 65–74, and 75+) of older suicide decedents who had physical health problems as a […]

Osteoporosis and fracture as risk factors for self-harm and suicide: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Background: Increase in presentations of self-harm to primary care, a risk factor of suicide has led to a growing interest in identifying at-risk populations. Aim: To examine whether osteoporosis or fractures are risk factors for self-harm, suicidal ideation, and suicide. Design and Setting: Systematic review of observational studies in adults (18> years) which had examined […]

Association of workplace violence and bullying with later suicide risk: A multicohort study and meta-analysis of published data

Background: Workplace offensive behaviours, such as violence and bullying, have been linked to psychological symptoms, but their potential impact on suicide risk remains unclear. We aimed to assess the association of workplace violence and bullying with the risk of death by suicide and suicide attempt in multiple cohort studies. Methods: In this multicohort study, we used individual-participant […]

Identifying high-risk individuals for suicide during COVID-19 pandemic: Prevention and intervention

Background: The mental health outcomes of the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) might be hazardous and may evoke a tsunami of mental illness. Multiple lines of evidence indicate that the COVID-19 pandemic has profound psychological and social effects. It has been expected that the mental illnesses and suicide rates may rise not only due to the suffering […]

Impulsivity traits and suicide related outcomes: A systematic review and meta-analysis using the UPPS model

Background: The affective, cognitive, and behavioral aspects of impulsivity involved in suicide-related outcomes can be investigated through the UPPS model, which conceptualizes these facets in multidimensional terms related to negative and positive urgency, lack of premeditation and perseverance, and sensation seeking. This systematic review and meta-analysis provided a comprehensive understanding of the role of all facets […]

Use of new technologies in suicide prevention in adolescents: Systematic literature review

Introduction: Suicide is one of the main causes of death in adolescents. In assessing suicide risk, technology is gaining ground. Adolescents have experienced users of technology, justifying interventions based on new technologies in suicide prevention. Objective: To identify the benefits of using new technologies to prevent suicide risk in adolescents. Methods: Systematic literature review. The […]