Risk and protective factors associated with suicidal thoughts and behaviors among Maryland middle school students

The aim of this study was to identify independent risk and protective factors associated with self-reported suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STB) among young adolescents by examining self-report data on mental health, substance abuse, violence involvement, social and economic challenges and supports, physical health and demographics in relation to STB. Data from nearly 27,000 students who[…]

Suicidal vulnerability in older adults and the elderly: Study based on risk variables

Background: Predicting suicidal vulnerability based on previous risk factors remains a challenge for mental health professionals, especially in specific subpopulations.
Aims: This study aimed to use structural equation modelling to assess which sociodemographic and clinical variables are most predictive and modulating of repeated self-injury or reattempts at suicide in older adults and the elderly[…]

Workplace bullying and risk of suicide and suicide attempts: A register-based prospective cohort study of 98 330 participants in Denmark

Objectives: The aim of this study was to analyze whether individuals reporting exposure to workplace bullying had a higher risk of suicidal behavior, including both suicide attempt and death by suicide, than those not reporting such exposure. Methods: Using a prospective cohort study design, we linked data from nine Danish questionnaire-based surveys (2004–2014) to national[…]

Brief report: Exploratory evaluation of clinical features associated with suicidal ideation in youth with autism spectrum disorder

There has been a heightened awareness of an increased risk of suicidality among individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) due to high rates of suicidal ideation (SI) in this population (11–66%). The current study investigated the rate of parent-endorsed SI and associated clinical features in 48 youths with ASD (Age; M: 12.97 years, SD: 2.33). SI was endorsed in[…]

Does hopelessness accurately predict how bad you will feel in the future? Initial evidence of affective forecasting errors in individuals with elevated suicide

Background
Forecasts about the future can dictate actions and behaviors performed in the present moment. Given that periods of elevated acute suicide risk often consist of elevated negative affect and hopelessness, individuals during these periods may more bias-prone and make decisions (e.g., suicide attempts) based on inaccurate affective forecasts about their futures (e.g., overestimating[…]

Identifying risk factors and key strategies in linkage to outpatient psychiatric care

OBJECTIVE: The substantial failure of psychiatric patients to engage in outpatient specialty mental health care after an acute hospitalization at a time when managed care companies and others increasingly hold hospitals accountable for outcomes underscores the importance of identifying patients at high risk for not completing referrals. This study explored patient risk factors for not completing[…]

Suicide attempt and risk of substance use disorders among female youths

Objective: To assess the association between suicide attempts among females before 20 years of age and future risk of substance use disorders. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this longitudinal cohort study, females aged 8 to 19 years (hereafter referred to as youths) who attempted suicide were matched with female youths with no attempt between April[…]

Assessment of latent subgroups with suicidal ideation and suicidal behavior among gun owners and non-gun owners in the US

Objective: To examine patterns of associations among suicidal thoughts and behaviors among gun owners and non–gun owners in the US. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this survey study, cross-sectional online survey data were collected from March to April 2020 from US adults recruited via Qualtrics Panels. Quota sampling was used to approximate US census demographics.[…]

Perpetrator mental health: Depression and suicidality as risk factors for domestic homicide (IN: Preventing Domestic Suicides: Lessons Learned from Tragedies, edited by P. Jaffe, K. Scott & A-L. Straatman)

In this chapter, we explore depression and suicidality as risk factors for domestic violence (DV) homicide. We begin by outlining evidence for the importance of depression and suicidality in potential perpetrators of lethal DV and discuss the specific case of homicide–suicide. We speculate on some of the reasons that these factors have not been more[…]

Correlates of suicidality in young people with depressive disorders: A systematic review

Objective:
Depression is one of the most prevalent and disabling mental health conditions among young people worldwide. The health and economic burdens associated with depressive illness are substantial. Suicide and depression are closely intertwined, yet a diagnosis of depression itself lacks predictive specificity for suicidal behaviour. To better inform suicide prevention and early intervention[…]