Mental health service utilization, school experiences, and religious involvement among a national sample of black adolescents who attempt suicide: Examining within and cross-race group differences

Prior suicide attempt serves as one of the strongest predictors of future suicide attempt and risk for death by suicide among youth. Disparities, however, persist in determining which groups have access to services following an attempt. Thus, we compare the experiences of Black youth with a history of lifetime suicide attempt to youth from other […]

An action research framework for religion and the stigma of suicide

Religious beliefs and practices have historically been intertwined with stigmatizing attitudes and responses to suicide, including stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination. Understanding the relationship between religion and suicide stigma requires identifying specific religious beliefs and practices about suicide and how these are informed by broader worldviews, such as ethics, anthropology, and afterlife beliefs. Yet, research in […]

Associations of religiosity, attitudes towards suicide and religious coping with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in 11 Muslim countries

Objective: The study investigated the associations of religiosity, religious coping and suicide acceptance to suicide ideation and attempts in 7427 young adults affiliating with Islam from 11 Muslim countries. Method: A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect the data. We used F and χ2 tests and correlation analyses to report descriptive statistics. Multi-group path models with (i) […]

Religiousness and depressive symptoms in Europeans: Findings from the Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe

Objective: Religiousness has been found to protect against depression based on studies conducted in the United States, though there are limited data in the European population. We sought to evaluate the associations between religiousness and six depressive symptoms in Europeans aged 50+ years. Study design: Longitudinal study. Methods: Our sample consisted of participants (n = 23,864) in wave […]

Is religiousness a protective factor against suicide? Evaluating suicidality and religiousness in psychiatric inpatient population utilizing Sheehan Suicide Tracking Scale (S-STS) and Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS)

Background: Suicide is a major public health concern. Studies have suggested that Religiousness can be protective of suicidality. We objectively wanted to explore this relationship. Methods: Patients admitted to a psychiatric hospital were invited to participate in the study to compare the psychometric properties of Sheehan-Suicidality Tracking Scale (S-STS) and Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS). 199 […]

A cross-sectional investigation of divine struggles and suicide risk among men in early recovery from substance use disorders

Many people draw strength and comfort from a relationship with God or a Higher Power in recovery from substance use disorders (SUDs). However, research indicates divine struggles may increase risk for suicide. Focusing on 144 men in the first 6 months of recovery from SUDs who were recruited from community-based programs providing housing and substance […]

Religious service attendance and death related to drugs, alcohol, and suicide among US health care professionals

IMPORTANCE The increase in deaths related to drugs, alcohol, and suicide (referred to as deaths from despair) has been identified as a public health crisis. The antecedents associated with these deaths have, however, seldom been investigated empirically. OBJECTIVE To prospectively examine the association between religious service attendance and deaths from despair. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS […]

Religious service attendance and deaths related to drugs, alcohol, and suicide among US health care professionals

The increase in deaths related to drugs, alcohol, and suicide (referred to as deaths from despair) has been identified as a public health crisis. The antecedents associated with these deaths have, however, seldom been investigated empirically. Objective  To prospectively examine the association between religious service attendance and deaths from despair. Design, Setting, and Participants  This population-based cohort study […]

Channeling the right path-to-care: Improving religious leaders’ knowledge and beliefs about suicide prevention in south west Nigeria

Background In African societies, the path-to-care that the ill and their relatives seek via consultation of traditional and religious healers is related to the concept of the causation, nature and origin of mental illness. There is a shortage of mental health personnel and facilities in Nigeria; hence, alternative healthcare providers such as Religious Leaders are […]

Sexual and religious obsessions in relation to suicidal ideation in bipolar disorder

Objectives Obsessions and suicidal behavior are common among patients with bipolar disorder. The relation between them and their impact on disease severity should be a focus of attention. This study aimed at assessment of the presence of sexual and religious obsessions in patients with bipolar disorder and their relation to suicide ideation. Methods Ninety patients […]

Suicide bereavement and differences in religiosity: Much ado about sex

Background: The trauma from experiencing a loved one’s suicide is often seen as an instigator of change in a person’s religious life. Aims: We sought to examine whether suicide-bereaved adults were any differently disposed to religious participation and observances compared with the nonbereaved and whether religiously involved bereaved had any better mental health compared with […]

Religion and suicide: How culture modifies the effect of social integration

In this study, we test two explanations of why Protestants generally are more prone to suicide than Catholics. one theory stresses the importance of social support, while the other emphasizes the role of culture. A case-control study with 182 suicidal and 610 non-suicidal individuals was conducted. Denominational differences do not disappear after controlling for church […]

Dimensions of religion associated with suicide attempt and suicide ideation in depressed, religiously affiliated patients

There is substantial evidence to support the claim that religion can protect against suicide ideation, suicide attempts, and completed suicide. There is also evidence that religion does not always protect against suicidality. More insight is needed into the relationship between suicidal parameters and dimensions of religion. A total of 155 in‐ and outpatients with major […]

Religiousness as a predictor of suicide: An analysis of 162 European regions

Research on religion as a protective factor has been marked by four recurrent limitations: (1) an overemphasis on the United States, a nation where religiosity is relatively high; (2) a neglect of highly secularized zones of the world, where religiousness may be too weak to affect suicide; (3) restriction of religiousness to religious affiliation, a […]

Religious activities and suicide prevention: A gender specific analysis

The present analysis contributes to the existing literature on religion and suicide in three interrelated ways: (1) providing an analysis of suicide completions whereas most research is based on non-lethal levels of suicidality; (2) assessing the relationship with concrete individual level data on completed suicides instead of aggregated data marked by the ecological fallacy issue; […]

Suicide bereavement and differences in religiosity.

Background: The trauma from experiencing a loved one’s suicide is often seen as an instigator of change in a person’s religious life. Aims: We sought to examine whether suicide-bereaved adults were any differently disposed to religious participation and observances compared with the nonbereaved and whether religiously involved bereaved had any better mental health compared with […]

Religious coping and suicide risk in a sample of recently returned veterans

The aim of the present study is to examine religious coping and depression as predictors of suicide risk in a large U.S. veteran sample from recent conflicts. Demographic, military history, depressive symptomatology, positive and negative religious coping and self-reported suicidal behavior were analyzed in a sample of 772 recently returned veterans. Suicide risk was computed […]

Association of parent and offspring religiosity with offspring suicide ideation and attempts

Objective  To examine associations of parent and offspring religiosity with suicide ideation and attempts in offspring. Design, Setting, and Participants  The study is based on offspring (generation 3) from a 3-generation family study at New York State Psychiatric Institute and Columbia University, in which generations 2 and 3 were defined as being at high risk or low […]

Bruised & wounded: Struggling to understand suicide.

A new way of understanding death by suicide with chapters on   Removing the Taboo Despair as Weakness rather than Sin Reclaiming the Memory of our Loved One  

Religious coping style and cultural worldview are associated with suicide ideation among African American adults.

The purpose of this study was to examine whether specific religious coping styles and cultural worldview would be associated with thoughts of suicide given higher levels of stress in a community-based sample of African American adults. African American men and women (n = 134) completed measures of religious coping, cultural worldview, stressful life events, depression symptoms, and […]

An examination of the prospective association between religious service attendance and suicide: Explanatory factors and period effects.

Background We addressed two unanswered questions from prior research, demonstrating a prospective association between frequent religious service attendance and decreased risk for suicide. First, we assessed whether religious service attendance conferred protection from suicide even after accounting for strength of religious affiliation. Second, we evaluated whether the relationship between religious service attendance and suicide was […]

Association between religious service attendance and lower suicide rates among US women.

Importance Previous studies have linked suicide risk with religious participation, but the majority have used ecologic, cross-sectional, or case-control data. Objective To examine the longitudinal association between religious service attendance and suicide and the joint associations of suicide with service attendance and religious affiliation. Design, Setting, and Participants We evaluated associations between religious service attendance […]

Religion and suicide acceptability: A cross-national analysis.

Four perspectives (moral community thesis, religious integration, religious commitment, and social networks) guide the selection of variables in this study. Data are from the combined World Values/European Values Surveys for 2000 (50,547 individuals nested in 56 nations). The results of a multivariate hierarchical linear model support all four perspectives. Persons residing in nations with relatively […]