Effects of BPD tendencies and subjective well-being on NSSI in adolescents with PTSD

Background: Severe posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may lead to non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), and borderline personality disorder (BPD) tendencies may play a role in this process. Secondary vocational students experience more social, familial and other pressures and are more vulnerable to psychological problems. Thus, we explored the effect of BPD tendencies and subjective well-being (SWB) on […]

Bisexual-specific minority stress in nonsuicidal self-injury: The mediating role of perceived burdensomeness

Background: Bisexual-identifying individuals are at heightened risk for engaging in non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), with the odds up to six times higher compared to heterosexual individuals and up to four times higher compared to lesbian/gay (L/G) individuals. While research has established that sexual minorities may be at increased risk because minority stressors exacerbate psychological processes associated with […]

Using the modified socio-ecological model to address stigma against non-suicidal self-injury among adolescents in Malaysia

Non-suicidal self-injury is defined as an intentional injury to one’s body without a desire to cause death (1). It may involve acts that include, but are not limited to, damaging one’s own skin and self-poisoning for purposes that are not socially sanctioned (2). In this article, the term “non-suicidal self-injury” (NSSI) and its acronym NSSI […]

Healthcare utilization 12 months prior to fatal and non-fatal suicidal behaviour in Cape Town, South Africa

The purpose of this study was to characterize healthcare use for general care and mental health one year before suicidal behavior among individuals with fatal and non-fatal suicidal behavior (NFSB) in Cape Town, South Africa. We linked electronic health records of 484 participants from a case series of 93 completed suicides on whom forensic autopsies […]

Mental imagery of suicide and non-suicidal self-injury: A meta-analysis and systematic review

Background: The vast majority of research on, and clinical assessment of, cognitions related to suicide and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) has focused on verbal thoughts. And yet, mental imagery is more realistic and emotionally arousing than verbal thoughts. Methods: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis documenting the prevalence of suicidal and NSSI mental imagery and describing the […]

Cognition and non-suicidal self-injury: Exploring relationships with psychological functions

Objective: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is strongly associated with difficulties in emotion regulation, but its relationships with maladaptive cognitive processes are less clear. Method: The current study examined relationships between self-reported NSSI (presence, number of methods, frequency, recency, duration, functions) and negative cognitive processes (rumination, worry, self-criticism, perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness) among 1,357 undergraduates. Cognition variables were submitted […]

Why is non-suicidal self-injury more common in women? Mediation and moderation analyses of psychological distress, emotion dysregulation, and impulsivity

Objective: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) appears to be more common among women than men, though the underlying reasons for this remain unclear. In a community sample of young adults (N = 996, aged 18-33) assessed during the COVID-19 pandemic, we investigated alternative explanation for the NSSI prevalence gap: are women more likely to experience the feelings which lead […]

Adolescents with non-suicidal self-harm: Who among them has attempted suicide?

We aimed to determine differences between adolescents with non-suicidal self-harm with and without a history of suicide attempt (SA). Sixty-eight adolescents with a mean age of 15.6 years (SD = 1.5) attending child and adolescent psychiatric outpatient clinics for repeated self-harm in Oslo, Norway, were included. A battery of instruments was used to assess sociodemographic information […]

Suicide and non-suicidal self-injury from internet addiction among Korean adolescents

Objectives: This study examined the associations between Internet addiction and suicide and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) among South Korean adolescents. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 1694 Korean adolescents. The suicidal Ideation Questionnaire and Deliberate Self- Harm Inventories were used to identify high-risk suicide and NSSI groups, respectively. Internet addiction was assessed using the Internet Addiction Scale. […]

In eating-disordered inpatient adolescents, self-criticism predicts nonsuicidal self-injury

We examined the role of depressive traits-self-criticism and dependency-in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidal ideation among inpatient adolescents with eating disorders. In two studies (N = 103 and 55), inpatients were assessed for depressive traits, suicidal ideations, and NSSI. In Study 2, motivation for carrying out NSSI was also assessed. In both studies, depression predicted […]

Exploring particular facets of cognitive emotion regulation and their relationships with nonsuicidal self-injury among adolescents

Background: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) has been found to be associated with poor emotion regulation. Aims: The goal of this study was to examine the association of multidimensional cognitive emotion regulation strategies with NSSI among adolescents and compare the different patterns of NSSI. Method: A sample of 594 high-school students (54.4% boys; mean age = 14.96 years), from five regional schools […]

Heterogeneity of non-suicidal self-injury behavior in adolescents with depression: latent class analysis

Background Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) by adolescent patients with depression has become a serious public health problem. This cross-sectional study aims to identify subgroups of adolescents based on NSSI and explore the factors related to these subgroups. Methods The study recruited 326 in- and out-patient adolescents (263 girls and 63 boys) aged 12 to 18 years […]

Association of parent-child relationship quality and problematic mobile phone use with non-suicidal self-injury among adolescents

Background Non-suicidal self-injury behavior (NSSI) is a common mental health threat among adolescents. Poor parent-child relationship (PCR) and problematic mobile phone use (PMPU) are risk factors for NSSI. We aimed to explore the impact of PCR quality, PMPU, and their interaction effects on NSSI among adolescents in China, as well as the sex difference. Method […]

Investigation of the subtypes of nonsuicidal self-injury based on the forms of self-harm behavior: Examining validity and utility via latent class analysis and ecological momentary assessment

Background: This study aimed to empirically derive and validate subtypes of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) based on the forms of self-harm behavior. Methods: Sixty young adults who exhibited repetitive NSSI completed a clinical interview and baseline measures, followed by a two-week ecological momentary assessment (EMA). A latent class analysis was administered to identify NSSI subtypes based on the […]

Adolescent non-suicidal self-injury during the COVID-19 pandemic: A prospective longitudinal study of biological predictors of maladaptive emotion regulation

Background: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) in adolescence is thought to stem from interactions between vulnerability in developing biological systems and experience of stressors. The current study assesses whether multiple levels of the stress system’s response to threat could prospectively predict NSSI engagement during the COVID-19 pandemic, a shared, time-locked stressor. Methods: Participants were 64 female adolescents (ages 12-16) […]

Negative association between non-suicidal self-injury in adolescents and default mode network activation during the distraction blocks of a rumination task

Introduction Rumination, or repetitive and habitual negative thinking, is associated with psychopathology and related behaviors in adolescents, including non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). Despite the link between self-reported rumination and NSSI, there is limited understanding of how rumination is represented at the neurobiological level among youth with NSSI. Method We collected neuroimaging and rumination data from 39 […]

Assessment of plasma-endogenous opioid neuropeptide levels and psychometric properties of non-suicidal self-injury in adolescents

Objective: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is one of the most common mental health problems and growing public-health issues, coupled with a significant population-level burden among adolescents in both developed and developing countries. We aimed to assess the role of endogenous opioid system-emotion regulation circuitry in NSSI through measurement of plasma beta-endorphin (β-EP), met-enkephalin (MENK) levels, and determination […]

What’s different about those who have ceased self-injury? Comparison between current and lifetime nonsuicidal self-injury

Objective: The current study aimed to investigate the sociodemographic and psychological variables as well as the function of NSSI related to the cessation of NSSI by analyzing the difference between those currently engaged in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and those who have stopped NSSI behaviors. Methods: A total of 490 adults with a history of NSSI (359 females) […]

Suicidal thoughts and behaviors among adolescent psychiatric inpatients

Background: Given low base rates of suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STBs) in national samples of adolescents, clarifying the sociodemographic and clinical correlates among psychiatric inpatients may afford insights into potential risk factors that predict STBs onset. Method: Adolescents (N = 970; ages 12-19 years) admitted for acute, psychiatric inpatient care completed baseline clinical interviews and self-report measures assessing […]

Social jetlag and other aspects of sleep are linked to non-suicidal self-injury among college students

Introduction: Disrupted sleep is associated with non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) in young adults, but many specific features of sleep continuity and timing have yet to be examined. Additionally, the psychological mechanisms linking sleep to NSSI are unclear. The present study evaluated 14 sleep variables as classifiers of lifetime or recent NSSI and examined potential confounding and mediating […]

The relationship between portrayals of nonsuicidal self-injury, attitudes, knowledge, and behavior

Background: The high prevalence of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) among young people has prompted research into why this may be a chosen coping strategy. One possibility is that the behavior is modeled from media depictions. Aims: The study examined the relationship between viewing films featuring NSSI and an individuals’ knowledge, attitudes toward, and engagement in NSSI. Method: 317 individuals […]

Self-injurious behavior vs. nonsuicidal self-injury: The CNS stimulant pemoline as a model of self-destructive behavior

Background: Historically, the field of self-injury has distinguished between the behaviors exhibited among individuals with a developmental disability (self-injurious behaviors; SIB) and those present within a normative population (nonsuicidal self-injury; NSSI),which typically result as a response to perceived stress. More recently, however, conclusions about NSSI have been drawn from lines of animal research aimed at examining […]

The mediating role of emotion regulation on self-harm among gender identity and sexual orientation minority (LGBTQ+) individuals

Objective: The present study was conducted to (1) investigate the role of emotion regulation difficulties among self-harming Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer, or Questioning (LGBTQ+) individuals and (2) to test for a mediating role of emotion regulation difficulties in self-harm among LGBTQ + individuals. Method: This study investigated the relationship between LGBTQ + status, self-reported levels of […]