Five-year mortality after hospitalisation for suicide attempt with a violent method

Objective This study aimed to estimate the 5-year mortality among people admitted into a transdisciplinary unit providing combined psychiatric and somatic rehabilitation treatment. Methods In this retrospective study, we analyzed the clinical records of all individuals admitted into the transdisciplinary unit from 01/01/2011 to 12/31/2017 after a suicide attempt using violent means. Vital status was […]

Five-year mortality after hospitalisation for suicide attempt with a violent method

Objective This study aimed to estimate the 5-year mortality among people admitted into a transdisciplinary unit providing combined psychiatric and somatic rehabilitation treatment. Methods In this retrospective study, we analyzed the clinical records of all individuals admitted into the transdisciplinary unit from 01/01/2011 to 12/31/2017 after a suicide attempt using violent means. Vital status was […]

Investigating the relationship between euthanasia and/or assisted suicide and rates of non-assisted suicide: Systematic review

Background: Euthanasia and assisted suicide (EAS) are practices that aim to alleviate the suffering of people with life-limiting illnesses, but are controversial. One area of debate is the relationship between EAS and suicide rates in the population, where there have been claims that availability of EAS will reduce the number of self-initiated deaths (EAS and […]

An ecological study of temporal trends in ‘deaths of despair’ in England and Wales

Purpose There is growing interest in the concept of ‘deaths of despair’ (DoD)—defined as deaths from three causes: suicide, drug poisoning, and alcohol-related conditions—as a more comprehensive indicator of the impact of psychological distress on mortality. The purpose of this study is to investigate the degree of commonality in trends and geographic patterning of deaths […]

Psychological distress as a risk factor for all‑cause, chronic disease‑ and suicide‑specifc mortality: A prospective analysis using data from the National Health Interview Survey

Purpose: The risk psychological distress (PD) confers on mortality due to specific chronic diseases compared to suicide is unclear. Using the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), we investigated the association between PD levels and risk of all-cause and chronic disease-specific mortality and compared the contribution of chronic disease-related mortality to that of suicide. Methods: Data from 195, […]

Mortality among young people seeking residential treatment for problematic drug and alcohol use: A data linkage study

Background Young people with problematic alcohol and other drug (AOD) use are often referred to residential treatment. Subsequent mortality rates among this high-risk group is not known. This study estimates mortality rates and determines causes of death amongst young people referred to residential treatment in Sydney, Australia. Design Retrospective data linkage study. Data of young […]

Suicide mortality after a nonfatal suicide attempt: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Introduction: Deliberate self-harm and suicide attempts share common risk factors but are associated with different epidemiological features. While the rate of suicide after deliberate self-harm has been evaluated in meta-analyses, the specific rate of death by suicide after a previous suicide attempt has never been assessed. The aim of our study was to estimate the incidence […]

Effectiveness of mental health intervention for suicide prevention

Background Associations between high and low temperatures and increases in mortality and morbidity have been previously reported, yet no comprehensive assessment of disease burden has been done. Therefore, we aimed to estimate the global and regional burden due to non-optimal temperature exposure. Methods In part 1 of this study, we linked deaths to daily temperature […]

Psychological distress as a risk factor for all-cause, chronic disease- and suicide-specific mortality: A prospective analysis using data from the National Health Interview Survey

Purpose The risk psychological distress (PD) confers on mortality due to specifc chronic diseases compared to suicide is unclear. Using the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), we investigated the association between PD levels and risk of all-cause and chronic disease-specifc mortality and compared the contribution of chronic disease-related mortality to that of suicide. Methods Data […]

The duality of risk from threats: Are homicidal threats a novel determinant for suicide risk?

Suicide and homicide have long been considered to sit at opposing ends of a continuum of deliberate harm, initially emerging as separate fields of practice. While it is now accepted that suicide and homicide are associated, the evidence base for how they are associated is far from complete. Surfacing from this body of knowledge are […]

Effects of the sex ratio and socioeconomic deprivation on male mortality

We explored relationships between male mortality and the sex ratio. (We tested relationships across 142 societies and in longitudinal data from Scotland. A male-biased sex ratio was associated with reduced mortality by intentional self-harm across 142 societies. This was replicated in longitudinal Scottish data, and men were less likely to die by suicide and assault […]

Trends in mortality from drug poisonings, suicide, and alcohol-induced deaths in the United States from 2000 to 2017

Importance  Life expectancy has decreased in the US, driven largely by increases in drug poisoning, suicide, and alcohol-induced deaths. Assessing whether patterns of these causes differ is required to inform public health interventions. Objective  To compare patterns and trends in drug poisoning, suicide, and alcohol-induced death rates by geography and demographic characteristics. Design, Setting, and Participants  This serial […]

Suicides in mood disorders in psychiatric settings in Nordic national register-based studies

Objective: Although risk factors for nonfatal suicidal behavior in mood disorders have been vastly investigated, rate and risk factors of suicide deaths are less well known. Extensive health care and other population registers in the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden) allow national-level studies of suicide rates and risk factors. This systematic review examined […]

National suicide management guidelines with family as an interv’ention and suicide mortality rates: A systematic review protocol

Introduction Suicidal behaviour remains a major public health challenge worldwide. Several countries have developed national suicide guidelines aimed at raising awareness of and preventing deaths by suicide. One of the interventions often mentioned in these national guidelines is the involvement of family members as a protective factor in suicide prevention. However, the level or type of […]

2019 veteran suicide mortality study

Suicide in Canadian Veterans is a top public health concern for Veterans Affairs Canada. Collaboration between Veterans Affairs Canada, the Department of National Defence, and Statistics Canada has led to a series of reports under the Veteran Suicide Mortality Study (VSMS). In 2017, VSMS examined the magnitude of suicide risk in Canadian Veterans. In 2018, […]

Exploration of morbidity, suicide and all-cause mortality in a Scottish forensic cohort over 20 years

Background Premature mortality among patients experiencing forensic care is high. This paper examines the morbidity and mortality of all Scottish high secure patients in 1992/1993 and followed up 20 years later through the context of recovery. Aims To explore morbidity and delineate which patients are at greatest risk of premature mortality. To assess the extent […]

Religious service attendance and deaths related to drugs, alcohol, and suicide among US health care professionals

The increase in deaths related to drugs, alcohol, and suicide (referred to as deaths from despair) has been identified as a public health crisis. The antecedents associated with these deaths have, however, seldom been investigated empirically. Objective  To prospectively examine the association between religious service attendance and deaths from despair. Design, Setting, and Participants  This population-based cohort study […]

Poor psychological health and 5-year suicide mortality: A population-based prospective cohort study

Objective The objective was to investigate associations between the General Health Questionnaire with twelve sub-items (GHQ-12) and prospective five-year suicide mortality. The two commonly used GHQ-12 cut-offs (2/3 and 3/4) were analyzed. Method The 2008 public health survey, which was conducted in the autumn of 2008 in Scania, southern Sweden, is based on a postal […]

National census of fatal occupational injuries in 2018

There were 5,250 fatal work injuries recorded in the United States in 2018, a 2 percent increase from the 5,147 in 2017, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See chart 1 and table 1.) The fatal work injury rate remained unchanged at 3.5 per 100,000 full-time equivalent (FTE) workers. (See chart 2.) These […]

Life expectancy and mortality rates in the United States, 1959-2017

Objective  To examine vital statistics and review the history of changes in US life expectancy and increasing mortality rates; and to identify potential contributing factors, drawing insights from current literature and an analysis of state-level trends. Evidence  Life expectancy data for 1959-2016 and cause-specific mortality rates for 1999-2017 were obtained from the US Mortality Database and CDC […]

Association of suicide and other mortality with emergency department presentation

Importance  Emergency departments (EDs) have the potential to play a pivotal role in suicide risk detection and prevention, yet little is known about the profile of risk of suicide after ED visits in the United States. Objectives  To examine 1-year incidence of suicide and other mortality among ED patients who presented with nonfatal deliberate self-harm, suicidal ideation, […]

Global incidence of suicide among Indigenous peoples: A systematic review

Background Suicide is the second leading cause of death among adolescents worldwide, and is a major driver of health inequity among Indigenous people in high-income countries. However, little is known about the burden of suicide among Indigenous populations in low- and middle-income nations, and no synthesis of the global data is currently available. Our objective […]

Global, regional, and national burden of suicide mortality 1990-2016: Systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016

Objectives To use the estimates from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 to describe patterns of suicide mortality globally, regionally, and for 195 countries and territories by age, sex, and Socio-demographic index, and to describe temporal trends between 1990 and 2016. Design Systematic analysis. Main outcome measures Crude and age standardised rates from suicide mortality and years […]