Mental health-related emergency department visits in adolescents before and during the COVID-19 pandemic: A multicentric retrospective study

Purpose The purpose of this study was to compare pre/post-COVID-19 changes in mental health–related emergency department visits among adolescents. Methods We conducted a retrospective analysis of all mental health–related emergency department visits in two large tertiary pediatric hospital centers between January 2018 and December 2020. We described monthly pre/post-COVID-19 changes in frequency and proportion of mental […]

Taking the next step forward: Building a responsive mental health and addictions system for emerging adults

Taking the Next Step Forward: Building a Responsive Mental Health and Addictions System for Emerging Adults is a report produced by researchers from the Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario (CHEO) for the  MHCC’s Knowledge Exchange Centre (KEC).1 It considers the current state of Canadian and international policies and programs that support youth with mental health […]

Campus mental health strategy: Creating a community of caring

The University of Calgary struck a Mental Health Task Force in late 2014 to develop a comprehensive strategy on mental health. A healthy settings approach, which has its roots in the World Health Organization  Health for All strategy, was used as a framework to develop recommendations. The healthy settings approach recognizes how the culture, structure […]

Zero suicide: An international declaration for better healthcare

This declaration was developed by a diverse group of 50 peer leaders, government policy makers, and healthcare providers from 13 countries convened for Atlanta 2015: An International Declaration and Social Movement to address the aspirational goal of zero suicide in healthcare. It discusses the problem of suicide stemming from a lack of effective care and […]

Policy brief: COVID-19 and the need for action on mental health

Although the COVID-19 crisis is, in the first instance, a physical health crisis, it has the seeds of a major mental health crisis as well, if action is not taken. Good mental health is critical to the functioning of society at the best of times. It must be front and  centre of every country’s response […]

State of Ireland’s mental health: Findings from a nationally representative survey

Aims Current information about the prevalence of various mental health disorders in the general adult population of the Republic of Ireland is lacking. In this study, we examined the prevalence of 12 common mental disorders, the proportion of adults who screened positive for any disorder, the sociodemographic factors associated with meeting criteria for a disorder […]

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder and suicidality: What does the literature tell us?

Introduction Limited research has been conducted on suicidality among individuals with FASD. The purpose of this scoping review was to understand (1) how suicidality has been measured; (2) what proportion of individuals experience suicidality across the lifespan; and (3) what contextual factors are associated with suicidality. Method We conducted a scoping review of the literature […]

Towards a health and sustainable practice of law in Canada: Phase 1 2020-2022 research report

National Study on the Psychological Health Determinants of Legal Professionals in Canada This study was carried out through a partnership between the Université de Sherbrooke, the Federation of Law Societies of Canada and the Canadian Bar Association, as well as with the  mobilization of the law societies of Canada and the Chambre des notaires du […]

A survey about mental health and suicide in the United States

The Mental Health and Suicide Survey was conducted online within the United States by Harris Poll on behalf of the Anxiety and Depression Association of America, the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention, and the National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention between August 10th and 12th, 2015 among 2,020 adults ages 18,+ among which 198 are […]

Public perception of mental health and suicide prevention survey results: August 2020

This report summarizes the results of a Harris Poll conducted in July 2020 about public knowledge, perceptions, attitudes, and experiences related to mental health, access to mental health care, and suicide prevention among adults in the United States. The poll was conducted on behalf of the National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention, Suicide Prevention Resource Center, […]

Public perception of mental health and suicide prevention survey results: September 2022

This report summarizes the results of a Harris Poll conducted in July 2020 about public knowledge, perceptions, attitudes, and experiences related to mental health, access to mental health care, and suicide prevention among adults in the United States. The poll was conducted on behalf of the National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention, Suicide Prevention Resource Center, […]

Adverse childhood experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic and associations with poor mental health and suicidal behaviors among high school students: Adolescent behaviors and experiences survey, United States, January-June 2021

What is already known about this topic? Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with poor mental health and suicidal behaviors. What is added by this report? The prevalences of poor current mental health and past-year suicide attempts among adolescents reporting four or more ACEs during the COVID-19 pandemic were four and 25 times as high […]

Trends and prevalence of suicide 2017–2021 and its association with COVID-19: Interrupted time series analysis of a national sample of college students in the United States

Background: Suicide is among the leading causes of death for college students. We aimed to assess the impact of the pandemic on trends in suicidal thoughts and behaviors among college students, and whether  suicidal thoughts and behaviors were associated with COVID-19 infection and psychosocial factors. Methods: We analyzed 2017–2021 data from 4 waves of Healthy […]

Mental health difficulties related to suicidal behavior in adolescents: The moderating role of self-esteem

Objective The objective was to analyze the moderating effect of self-esteem on the relationship between mental health difficulties and suicidal behavior in adolescence. Method The sample was composed of 1,790 Spanish adolescents (M = 15.70 years; SD = 1.26; 53.7% girls) through a stratified random sampling by cluster at classroom level. The participants completed questionnaires about emotional symptoms, behavioral problems, peer […]

Mental health promotion and suicide prevention in the workplace: Policy and response recommendations to help employers positively impact workers and the work environment

In the United States, roughly 50,000 people die by suicide each year, most of whom are of working age. According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), one in  five adult Americans lives with a mental health condition every year. While rates for diagnosed mental health conditions vary by demographic, conditions like […]

Developing and initially validating the youth mental health literacy scale for ages 11-14

Despite rising rates of youth mental health disorders and suicides, most youth lack access to accurate, non-stigmatized mental health information. Instead, many describe people with mental illness as violent and incompetent. Mental health literacy aligns with resilience theory. It  assumes that youth that have accurate mental health information will have less stigmatized views of mental […]

Mental health burden of high school students, and suggestions for psychosocial support, 1.5 years into the COVID‑19 pandemic in Austria

The COVID-19 pandemic and containment efforts seem to be particularly challenging for adolescents. This study assessed mental health in high school students 1.5 years after the pandemic began in Austria. A cross-sectional survey was carried out from September to November 2021. Well-being (WHO-5), depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms and sleep quality were assessed. A total of 1505 […]

COVID-19 and MENtal health: Addressing men’s mental health needs in the digital world

The COVID-19 pandemic continues to be a source of stress and have important mental health implications for all persons but may have unique implications for men. In addition to the risk of contracting and dying from COVID-19, the rising COVID-19 death toll, ongoing economic uncertainty, loneliness from social distancing, and other changes to our lifestyles […]

An evaluation of suicide prevention education for people working with refugees and asylum seekers: Improvements in competence, attitudes, and confidence

Background: There are concerning rates of suicidality among asylum seekers and refugees in Australia, and tailored suicide prevention initiatives are needed. Aims: We aimed to evaluate the impact of a tailored suicide prevention education program for people working with asylum seekers and refugees. Method: Attendees of the education program completed self-report questionnaires at pretraining, posttraining, and 4–6 months follow-up. Results: Over 400 […]

Self-stigma and its relationship with rates of depression diagnosis: A study of suicide notes in Shanghai and Wuhan, China

Background: Self-stigma about suicide might impede people seeking help from mental health professionals. There is little research about self-stigma expressed by suicide decedents. Aims: We aimed to explore (a) self-stigma about suicide through examination of suicide notes; and (b) whether the expression of self-stigma was associated with the formal diagnoses of depression. Method: Data were extracted from notes left by […]

Implementing a peer advocate mental health digital intervention program for Ohio youth: Descriptive pilot study

Background: In the United States, millions of adolescents report poor mental health, where 1 in 5 teenagers considers suicide. Reducing stigma and fostering peer support remains critical for positive mental health interventions and programs. Increasingly, digital mental health tools have emerged with great promise, leveraging social networks. Despite the potential, limited understanding of such comprehensive […]

Considerations in designing digital peer support for mental health: Interview study among users of a digital support system (Buddy Project)

Background: Peer support is an approach to cope with mental illness, and technology provides a way to facilitate peer support. However, there are barriers to seeking support in offline and technology-mediated contexts. Objective: This study aims to uncover potential ways to design digital mental health peer support systems and to outline a set of principles for future […]

A one-year longitudinal study on suicidal ideation, depression and anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic

This longitudinal study aimed to examine the within-person changes in suicidal ideation, depression, and anxiety between the first wave of COVID-19 pandemic  and the third wave (i.e., one year later), while nationwide lockdowns were in effect. Among 720 respondents, 4.72% presented suicidal ideation, which appeared  unaltered one-year post-pandemic onset, while both depression (21.25% versus 28.06%) […]