Background: Indian studies on the course and outcome of bipolar disorder (BD) are scarce and their methodologies vary. Nevertheless, differences from Western ones have been noted. Methods: A systematic random sample of 200 patients with BD attending a general hospital psychiatric unit was chosen. They were assessed using the clinician and self-rated versions of the National Institute […]
Are trajectories of social isolation from childhood to mid‑adulthood associated with adult depression or suicide outcomes
Purpose Social isolation has been shown to have negative effects on mental health outcomes though little is known about trajectories across the life course. We examined the relationship between trajectory groups and selected mental health outcomes in mid-adulthood. Methods We previously created a typology of social isolation based on onset during the life course and […]
A study of early life experiences, temperament, character, and psychological pain in suicide attempters and normal individuals
Background: Studies conducted in different countries have reported a relationship between suicidal tendencies and childhood trauma experiences, personality traits, and psychological pain. It would be valuable to re- examine such a relationship in Iranian culture. Objectives: This study aimed to investigate early life experiences, temperament, character, and psychological pain in suicidal attempters and normal individuals. […]
Life and death in the family: Early parental death, parental remarriage, and offspring suicide risk in adulthood
Early-life parental death (PD) may increase suicide and other mortality risk in adulthood. The potential implications of subsequent remarriage of the widowed parent (RWP) for suicide have not been well examined. Data came from the Utah Population Database for birth cohorts between 1886 and 1960, yielding a sample of N = 663,729 individuals, including 4533 suicides. Cox […]
Life events and circumstances leading to death change throughout the life course. In this study, 4 age groups within those who have died by suicide are compared in terms method of suicide, sex, occupation, mental disorders, prior suicide attempts, and life events prior to death. Analyses were based on a database of deaths by suicide […]
Aims The Schematic Appraisals Model of Suicide (SAMS) suggests that positive self-appraisals may be important for buffering suicidal thoughts and behaviours, potentially providing a key source of resilience. The current study aimed to explore whether positive self-appraisals buffered individuals from suicidality in the face of stressful life events. Method 78 participants who reported experiencing some […]
Adolescents experience both developmental and situational periods of transition along with myriad stressful life events when they enter and exit high school. These life events may be associated with thinking of, planning, and attempting suicide. Yet despite the development of prevention programs to treat at-risk individuals, suicide rates among adolescents have remained relatively high. Recent […]
Suicide in Northern Ireland: An analysis of gender differences in demographic, psychological, and contextual factors.
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Social support and positive events as suicide resiliency factors: Examination of synergistic buffering effects.
This study examines the role of social support and positive events as protective factors in suicide. Our results provide evidence that positive events and social support act as protective factors against suicide individually and synergistically when they co-occur.
Although life stressors have been implicated in the aetiology of various forms of psychopathology related to non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), particularly depression and suicidal behavior, they have rarely been examined in relation with NSSI. The objective of the current study was to assess the association between life stressors and NSSI in adolescent inpatients. Contact us for […]
The relationship between negative life events and suicidal behavior: Moderating role of basic psychological needs.
Individuals who experience negative life events may be at increased risk for suicidal behavior. Intrapersonal characteristics, such as basic psychological needs, however, may buffer this association. In support of our hypotheses, negative life events were associated with greater levels of suicidal ideation and attempts, and satisfaction of basic psychological needs, including autonomy, relatedness, and competence, […]
Socio-family environment, lifestyle, life events and psychiatric/psychological factors are associated with suicidal behaviors in China. Further caseÐcontrol or cohort studies are needed to better understand suicide behaviors in China. Meanwhile, there is an urgent need for comprehensive studies of suicide interventions among high-risk populations.
Attachment mediates the childhood maltreatment-daily hassles link in low-income, suicidal African American women.
This study examined if attachment patterns mediated the link between childhood maltreatment and total daily and interpersonally oriented life hassles in 135 low-income, inner-city, suicidal African American women. Participants completed self-report measures of childhood maltreatment, attachment styles, and daily life hassles dimensions. Bootstrapping analyses revealed that (a) negative views of self mediated the relationship between […]
Adverse life events proximal to adult suicide: a synthesis of findings from psychological autopsy studies.
The objective of this review was to summarize and interpret data about adverse life events proximal to adult suicide from major psychological autopsy studies. A PubMed search was conducted. Nearly all suicides have experienced at least 1 (usually more) adverse life event within 1 year of death (concentrated in last few months). Controlled studies have […]
Variability in the definition and reporting of adverse events in suicide prevention trials: an examination of the issues and a proposed solution.
Adverse events (AEs) and serious adverse events (SAEs) are important outcomes of any intervention study yet are under-researched. Vague and variable definitions and substantial underreporting make comparisons of risk between studies difficult and evaluation of the safety of a particular intervention almost impossible. These realities may deter researchers from studying at-risk populations. Suicidal behavior is […]
The present study investigated the prevalence of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidal self-injury (SSI) in a sample of 1,417 Flemish adolescents aged 12 to 18, as well as psychosocial differences between adolescents engaging in NSSI and adolescents engaging in SSI. Participants completed an anonymous online survey inquiring about NSSI and SSI functions, sociodemographic correlates, help […]
Active and passive problem solving as moderators of the relation between negative life event stress and suicidal ideation among suicide attempters and non-attempters.
This study examined whether active problem solving would buffer against, whereas passive problem solving would exacerbate, the association of negative life stress with suicidal ideation. Young adult college students (73 females, M(age) = 19.0) from a diverse urban public university, with (n = 37) and without (n = 59) a suicide attempt history completed measures […]
The Moderating effect of the negative impact of recent life events on the relation between intrinsic religiosity and death ideation in older adults.
The first objective was to identify the provoking events of suicide in patients with schizophrenia or schizoid-type disorder, and to assess the humiliation component of these events. The second objective was to verify if quality of care during childhood is a vulnerability factor for suicide in patients with schizophrenia or schizoid-type psychosis. Thirty-three cases of […]
Marital status, life stressor precipitants, and communications of distress and suicide intent in a sample of United States Air Force suicide decedents.
Life stressor precipitants and communications of distress and suicide intent were examined among a sample of United States Air Force (USAF) married versus unmarried suicide decedents. A total of 100 death investigations conducted by the Office of Special Investigations on active duty USAF suicides occurring between 1996 and 2006 were retrospectively reviewed. Married decedents were […]
Background: The transition from adolescence to adulthood is associated with stressful adaptation experiences that may increase symptoms of depression. We explored the prevalence and sex differences of depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation in freshmen Latino college students in Puerto Rico, and identified stressful life events that could contribute to symptoms of depression. Methods: Two thousand […]
Severity of depressive symptoms, hopelessness, and suicidal ideation were examined to determine whether they were significantly associated with the accuracy of suicidal adolescents’ ratings of stressful life events. The sample included 130 inpatient adolescents who endorsed suicide-related behaviors.