Suicide risk factors and warning signs: What we’ve learned from the research

It’s important to understand that there are many potential suicide risk variables, the following are a subset of variables with strong empirical research support: Risk factors including a history of suicidal behaviors; suicidal thoughts; suicide preparation; Warning signs including severe substance abuse; impulsivity; critical relationship problems; severe health/pain problems; serious sleep problems and legal/financial crisis. See […]

Criminal law words matter: Discouraging suicide through the aid of legislation

Scholars criticized the manslaughter conviction of Michelle Carter almost as soon as the case was decided. Much of the criticism surrounding the case called for legislative action as the appropriate course of action. Fast forward a few years and Massachusetts is prosecuting another girlfriend for encouraging her boyfriend to kill himself. In response, Massachusetts has […]

The association between hate crime laws that enumerate sexual orientation and adolescent suicide attempts

Sexual minority youth are at elevated risk for suicide, and previous research supports an association between hate crimes targeting sexual minority youth and suicide attempts. Hate crime laws (HCLs) may reduce  bias-motivated victimization or reflect community support for marginalized groups, although not all states with such laws explicitly name sexual minorities as a protected class. […]

Investigating the relationship between euthanasia and/or assisted suicide and rates of non-assisted suicide: Systematic review

Background: Euthanasia and assisted suicide (EAS) are practices that aim to alleviate the suffering of people with life-limiting illnesses, but are controversial. One area of debate is the relationship between EAS and suicide rates in the population, where there have been claims that availability of EAS will reduce the number of self-initiated deaths (EAS and […]

Instances of online suicide, the law and potential solutions

To understand the social and legal issues posed by suicide-related communications over the Internet (messages of threatened suicide and advocated suicide), this article examines a selection of cases involving different types of online baiting and harassment that illustrate different legal and technological issues. The anonymity afforded by computer-mediated communication allows bullies to harass vulnerable individuals […]

Decriminalising suicide: Saving lives, reducing stigma

This report is designed as a tool for campaigners and advocates seeking to decriminalise suicide. Today there is an historic opportunity to press for such reform in light of commitments by countries around the world to achieving the 17 SDGs, along with the targets of the WHO Mental Health Action Plan, and for most countries, […]

Welfare checks for suicide risk management: Risks and benefits

In clinical practice, welfare checks have become a fairly common aspect of suicide prevention. At the same time, there is almost no guidance in the medical literature to inform clinicians under what circumstances welfare checks should be requested, how best to go about placing those requests, or how to document decision-making around this important subject. […]

Student suicide on-campus: Tort liability of Canadian universities and determining a duty of care

Suicide is a devastating issue that is increasingly affecting post-secondary students across Canadian university campuses. Despite growing awareness of this problem, research shows that mental health supports for post-secondary students in Canada remain insufficient and inaccessible. This paper argues that the law is also lagging behind. Currently, no legal recourse exists to find universities civilly […]

Evaluation of state cannabis laws and rates of self-harm and assault

Objective: To evaluate the association of state medical and recreational cannabis laws with self-harm and assault, overall and by age and sex, while considering varying degrees of commercialization. Design, setting, and participants: Using a cohort design with panel fixed-effects analysis, within-state changes in claims for self-harm and assault injuries before and after changes in cannabis laws were […]

Kill me through the phone: The legality of encouraging suicide in an increasingly digital world

Ultimately, this Note contends that the most suitable way to criminalize suicide encouragement is through clear, carefully written statutory law that is careful to take evolving technology into account and to avoid treading on the First  Amendment’s protection of speech.

Suicide: Rationality and responsibility for life.

There is much debate about whether suicide can ever be rational. Designating suicide as an undesirable event that should never occur raises the debate of who is responsible for one’s life and runs the risk of erroneously attributing blame for suicide. While upholding patient rights of autonomy in psychiatric care is laudable, cases of suicidality […]

Recent Court Involvement and Risk of Suicide: A Population-based Study Utilizing a Comprehensive Criminal Justice Database

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Assessing legal strains and risk of suicide using archived court data.

Relatively little is known about legal entanglements and suicide risk. This matched caseÐcontrol study estimated the risk of suicide associated with legal strains using online court archives, a novel source of exposure data. Court records linked to suicide deaths (N = 315), controls (N = 630), and unintentional injury and poisoning deaths (N = 630) […]

The problem with ‘cyberbullying’.

Ottawa announced plans this week to table tough new laws against online bullies, but the parents of victims and other critics say the legislation will cause more problems than it solves. Contact us for a copy of this article, or view online at https://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/the-problem-with-the-term-cyberbullying/article14939234/?page=all

Addressing Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors in Substance Abuse Treatment Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 50, HHS Publication No. (SMA) 09-4381

Part 1 of this protocol is for substance abuse counsellors & has 2 chapters on working with clients with substance use disorders who have suicidal thoughts &/or behaviours. Part 2 is for program administrators & also has 2 chapters. Chapter 1 lay outs the rationale for the second chapter & helps administrators understand how they […]

Do-Not-Resuscitate Orders in Suicidal Patients: Clinical, Ethical, and Legal Dilemmas

The authors review the literature related to patients who obtain a Do-Not-Resuscitate order in preparation for a suicide attempt & the ethical issues involved in mkaing a decision to resuscitate or not in these cases. The authors address the potential legal consequences of action or inaction & clinical issues to consider before such an order […]

Suicide, Slavery, and Memory in North America

This article widens the traditional scope of evidence to consider slave self-destruction from multiple perspectives & chronological moments & more effectively places suicide within the long history of North American slavery. The author focuses on what she terms slave suicide ecology: the emotional, psychological, & material conditions that fostered it. (46 notes) JA

Ethical and Legal Issues in Suicide Research

Moralist, libertarian, & relativist ethical positions concerning suicide & its prevention are presented in order to clarify premises upon which ethical issues in suicide research may be resolved. Ethical concerns are differentiated from legal considerations & the implications of the vulnerability of suicidology research participants are discussed. Specific issues that arise in design, choice of […]

Histories of Suicide: International Perspectives on Self-Destruction in the Modern World

Some of countries studied include France, the United Kingdom, colonial Natal, Peru, Russia, the United States, Japan, & Australia.

Suicide in the Middle Ages. the Violent Against Themselves

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Parents of Suicidal College Students: What Deans, Judges, and Legislators Should Know About Campus Research Findings

When suicidal behaviour is reported, student affairs officers on many American campuses notify parents as one component of a multifaceted campus suicide prevention plan. In response to proposals to mandate parent notification, the author argues that practical considerations warrant against expanding state laws to require notification following campus suicide attempts. The recent experience with parent […]

Suicide and Self-Harm in Prisons and Jails

This book includes the following chapters: who commits suicide while incarcerated? when, where, and how suicides in prisons & jails occur; suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, & self-mutilation; screening & assessment; crisis intervention & counseling; facility design & suicide prevention; diversion & transition planning; litigation issues; & suggestions for the future.

Suicide Following Arrest and Lockup

This article focuses on suicide in jails following arrest & lockup. The paper begins with a description of suicide patterns in jails & prisons, followed by a discussion of the experience of arrest & incarceration. Other topics discussed include: negligence, deliberate indifference, punishment, & foreseeability; case law from the United States; & recomendations related to […]