Examining the relationship between academic expectations and suicidal ideation among college students in India using the interpersonal theory of suicide

The association between coping behaviors and the interpersonal theory of suicide in college students

Objectives High levels of stress are associated with suicide ideation among college students. The interpersonal theory of suicide provides a framework for conceptualizing the association between stress and suicide. This study will examine the associations between multiple types of stress (daily life hassles vs. negative life events) on suicidal ideation and the role of adaptive/maladaptive […]

Bisexual-specific minority stress in nonsuicidal self-injury: The mediating role of perceived burdensomeness

Background: Bisexual-identifying individuals are at heightened risk for engaging in non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), with the odds up to six times higher compared to heterosexual individuals and up to four times higher compared to lesbian/gay (L/G) individuals. While research has established that sexual minorities may be at increased risk because minority stressors exacerbate psychological processes associated with […]

The burden of not belonging: A qualitative study of the applicability of the interpersonal theory of suicide constructs of belongingness and burdensomeness to ethnocultural minoritized youth

Guided by the Interpersonal Theory of Suicide (IPTS), this study aims to understand the applicability of the constructs of belongingness and burdensomeness and their relevance to suicide risk and mental health among ethnocultural minoritized youth. A qualitative exploratory study was conducted using five focus groups with 29 self-identified Latinx and Black adolescents aged 13–17 years to explore […]

A sociobiological extension of the Interpersonal Theory of Suicide

Recently, our group proposed an account of human suicide (Joiner, Hom, Hagan, & Silva, 2016) that integrates two lines of thought and scholarship: one on self-sacrificial behavior that occurs across species in nature, and the other on the interpersonal theory of suicide’s attempt to explain human suicide (Joiner, 2005; Van Orden et al., 2010). Here, […]

From psychological strain to disconnectedness: A two-factor model theory of suicide

This editorial asserts that neither Durkheim’s social integration theory nor Joiner’s interpersonal theory explains the cause of suicide. Instead, the theories illustrate the facilitations of suicide or of the immune system against suicide. The theories might account for the conditions that are sufficient for suicide, but we still need to find the condition that is […]

Suicidal behaviors in patients with chronic physical illness: A test on the interpersonal theory of suicide

Introduction The unalleviated burden of chronic physical illness (CPI) increases the risk of suicidal behaviors (SB) in affected individuals. This study tested the interpersonal theory of suicide (ITS) in patients with CPI. Methods Patients diagnosed with cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, and renal diseases were recruited from two hospitals in South Korea. Data from 257 participants who completed […]

The role of anxiety and depression in suicidal thoughts for autistic and non-autistic people: A theory-driven network analysis

Background Autistic adults experience more frequent suicidal thoughts and mental health difficulties than non-autistic adults, but research has yet to explain how these experiences are connected. This study explored how anxiety and depression contribute to suicidal thoughts according to the Interpersonal Theory of Suicide for autistic and non-autistic adults. Methods Participants (autistic adults n = 463, 61% female; […]

Testing the interpersonal theory of suicide in a sample of sexual minority young adults: Attention to within-group differences

Introduction This study investigated demographic differences in interpersonal theory of suicide factors and their associations with suicide attempts among sexual minority young adults. Methods 784 sexual minority young adults ages 18–29 (42.7% cisgender men, 42.2% cisgender women, 15.1% transgender/gender diverse; 62.2% non-Hispanic White; 50.5% gay/lesbian, 49.5% bisexual+) completed an online survey assessing lifetime suicide attempts […]

Mediating effects of self-criticism on the relationship between perceived burdensomeness and suicidal ideation

Suicide among young adults is global social issue. Suicidal ideation is recognized to be a key predictor of suicide. According to the interpersonal theory of suicide (IPTS), suicidal ideation is associated with  perceived burdensomeness. In interpersonal relationships, perceived burden-someness as a distorted evaluation of one’s value leads to self-criticism. Suicide is described as “arrested flight” […]

Spanish validation of the interpersonal needs questionnaire and the acquired capability for suicide scale among Mexican university students

Introduction: the rate of death by suicide has increased in Mexico, representing a significant public health problem. To prevent and treat this phenomenon, it is crucial to identify reliable suicide risk  factors among Mexicans. The Interpersonal Theory of Suicide has demonstrated empirical support for the role of thwarted belongingness, perceived burdensomeness, and acquired capability in […]

Pet attachment and the interpersonal theory of suicide

Background: Pet ownership is often assumed to have mental health benefits, but the effect of pets on suicide risk has a scant literature. Aims: Using the interpersonal theory of suicide, we examined the relationships between perceived  burdensomeness (PB), thwarted belongingness (TB), overall attachment to one’s pet, pet attachment avoidance or anxiety, and suicide risk. The […]

Comparing the role of perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness in prospectively predicting active suicidal ideation

Objective The Interpersonal Theory of Suicide has been foundational in guiding current suicide literature. Despite recent research underscoring fluctuations of suicidal ideation within hours, there have been few studies examining the key constructs of perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness within an intensive framework. Thus, the current study aimed to add cumulative knowledge regarding the within-person […]

Perceived abusive supervision and graduate students’ suicidal ideation: From the perspective of interpersonal psychological theory of suicide

Background In recent years, the issue of suicide caused by the stress of a contradictory relationship between graduate students and academic supervisors has aroused heated discussion in society. Based on the interpersonal psychological theory of suicide, this study aims to examine the influence of the perceived abusive supervision on graduate students’ suicidal ideation and the […]

Risk factors of suicidal behaviors in a high-risk longitudinal veteran sample: A network analysis

Introduction Suicide is a substantial public health burden, particularly among veterans. Risk factors have been delineated for suicide; however, the dynamic interrelations between risk factors have not been fully examined. Such research has the potential to elucidate processes that contribute to suicide risk between individuals with a past suicide attempt (attempters) and those without a […]

Proximal correlates of suicidal ideation and behaviors: A test of the Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide

Objective The interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide hypothesizes proximal causes of suicidal ideation and behaviors; however, past studies have generally tested distal relations. The present study tested the proximal nature of the theory’s hypotheses. Methods A repeated-measures design collected daily survey data on the theory constructs over 90 days from 206 (150 women) college students with previous […]

Suicidal ideation in elite schools: A test of the Interpersonal Theory and the Escape Theory of suicide

Objective The present study compared the ability of two contemporary theories of suicidal behavior—the interpersonal and escape theories of suicide—to predict suicidal ideation. The interpersonal theory proposes that the interaction of perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness predicts suicidal ideation. The escape theory proposes that feelings of failure predict suicidal ideation and that escape motivation mediates […]

Testing basic assumptions of the Interpersonal Needs Questionnaire-15 in a sample of clinically depressed and suicidal youth

Objective Suicide is a leading cause of death in adolescence. The mechanisms of adolescent suicidality, however, are not fully understood. Although the Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide, as assessed by the Interpersonal Needs Questionnaire-15 (INQ), may be a promising framework, systematic study of its utility during adolescence is lacking. Method To this end, we utilized factor […]

Integrating minority stress theory and the interpersonal theory of suicide among sexual minority youth who engage crisis services

Objective The present study sought to integrate minority stress theory (MST) and the interpersonal theory of suicide (ITS) to better understand high rates of suicide among sexual minority youth (SMY). To date, the ITS and MST have largely advanced independently from one another even though the research base for each theory contains gaps that the […]

Performance of the interpersonal needs questionnaire in adolescent clinical samples: Confirmatory factor analyses and evaluation of measurement invariance

Objective This study evaluated the factor structure, internal consistency reliability, construct and criterion validity, and measurement invariance of the Interpersonal Needs Questionnaire (INQ) among adolescents. Method Participants (N = 539) included three distinct samples of youth drawn from two outpatient psychology clinics and an inpatient psychiatric unit. The combined sample was 63.3% female and had a mean […]

Investigation of the interpersonal theory of suicide in the context of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptomatology and suicide ideation

Objective The current study examines components of the Interpersonal Theory of Suicide as mediators of the association between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and suicide ideation in college students with elevated depressive symptoms. Specifically, indirect effects of perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness were simultaneously evaluated on the association between self-reported ADHD symptoms and suicide ideation, controlling […]

Incorporating psychopathology into the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior (IPTS)

Background The interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior (IPTS) posits that the joint presence of perceived burdensomeness (PB), thwarted belongingness (TB), and capability for suicide (CS) is necessary for suicide attempt. Emerging evidence demonstrates these effects are not consistently observed. Psychopathology may independently impact on the explanatory power of the IPTS constructs. Aims The aims of […]

Acquired capability for suicide among Belgian and Australian University students: Psychometric properties of the German capability for suicide questionnaire and a test of the interpersonal theory of suicide

Objective The Interpersonal Theory of Suicide (IPTS) posits fearlessness of death and pain tolerance as two components of suicide capability. The German Capability for Suicide Questionnaire (GCSQ) is the first measure of both these components, but few data are available on its psychometrics. We (a) examined the psychometric properties of the GCSQ and used it to test […]