Suicide and the economy: A regional analysis of Italy

This note investigates the empirical pattern of suicides across Italy over the last 15 years. Typically, a country shares similar basic cultural and social macro-features. Yet in Italy there are marked variations across the regions such that it provides a useful setting to examine the economic factors that influence suicidality. The results align with some earlier […]

Income inequality and suicide: Evidence from Eastern European countries

As one of the leading causes of non-natural death, suicide involves both emotional and economic costs to society. In this paper, we aim to analyze the economic determinants of suicide. More specifically, we explore the impact of income inequality on suicide. For that purpose, we estimate linear panel data models for a set of 21 […]

Suicide as globalisation’s Black Swan: lGobal evidence

Objectives This empirical study investigated the relationship between globalisation and suicide rates. We examined whether there is a beneficial or harmful relationship between economic, political and social globalisation and the suicide rate. We also estimated whether this relationship differs in high-, middle- and low-income countries. Study design Using panel data from 190 countries over the […]

Investigating the association between income inequality in youth and deaths of despair in Canada: A population-based cohort study from 2006 to 2019

Background: Deaths due to suicide, drug overdose and alcohol-related liver disease, collectively known as ‘deaths of despair’, have been markedly increasing since the early 2000s and are especially prominent in young Canadians. Income inequality has been linked to this rise in deaths of despair; however, this association has not yet been examined in a Canadian context, […]

Household income changes and suicidal ideation in South Korea: Findings from a longitudinal study

Introduction This study aimed to provide evidence for the need for social and welfare support in suicide prevention. Methods Data were collected from the Korean Welfare Panel Study, 2011–2016. The study sample consisted of 7504 people (male: 3080 and female: 4424; mean age: 54.4 ± 16.6), with annual follow-ups until 2016. A generalized linear mixed-effects model using […]

Mental health and substance use during COVID-19: Summary report 3 spotlight on income, employment, access

Key findings include: Substance use and mental health concerns are greatest among people with low income or who are unemployed:Problematic cannabis use was reported by 50% of respondents with low income or who are unemployed who use cannabis, while problematic alcohol use was reported by more than 30% of those who drink alcohol. Similarly, 45% […]

Analysis of suicide after cancer diagnosis by US county-level income and rural vs urban designation, 2000-2016

Objective  To examine whether the risks and patterns of suicide mortality among people with a cancer diagnosis differ by US county-level median income and rural or urban status. Design, Setting, and Participants  A retrospective, population-based cohort study following up individuals who were diagnosed with cancer between January 1, 2000, and December 31, 2016, was conducted. The Surveillance, […]

The effect of income level on all-cause mortality and suicide among patients using antidepressants: A population-based cohort study

Background: To investigate whether household income levels are associated with all-cause mortality and suicide in patients using antidepressant agents. Methods: We analyzed data from 75,782 patients using antidepressants, acquired from the Korean National Health Insurance claims database (2002-2013). Each patient was monitored until December 2013 or until death, whichever occurred sooner. Cox proportional hazard models were used […]

Income-related inequalities in the prevalence of depression and suicidal behaviour: A 10-year trend following economic crisis.

Persistent health inequalities between socio-economic groups have been observed in both developed and developing countries 1. Tackling such disparities has featured prominently in the policy agenda globally in recent years. The World Health Organization 2,3, the World Bank 4, and the United Nations Development Programme 5 have all emphasized its importance and made this issue […]

Health disparity by neighbourhood income.


The association between income and distress, mental disorders, and suicidal ideation and attempts: findings from the collaborative psychiatric epidemiology surveys.

Objective: To examine the relationship between household income and psychological distress, suicidal ideation and attempts, and mood, anxiety, and substance use disorders. Method: Data came from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys, a collection of 3 nationally representative surveys of American adults conducted between 2001 and 2003. Psychological distress, suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, and mood, anxiety, […]

Suicide risk in children and adolescents in a pediatric emergency department: effects of race, income, gender, and age.

Suicide in adolescents is a leading cause of death and a public health concern. Suicide screening in the pediatric emergency department (ED) has emerged as a promising method of suicide prevention, as this setting treats many at-risk children and adolescents and has potential resources to manage positive screens. While suicide screening tools exist, they have […]