Psychiatric health care need in Hungary identified by the short screening algorithm of depression and suicide risk used in general medical practices

Suicides are often related to depression. General medical practices (GMPs) should play a role in screening depression. We aimed to test the screening algorithm of Rihmer and Torzsa for depression and suicide and determine the prevalence and number of patients in the nationwide representative Hungarostudy 2002 population, and to estimate the corresponding extra health care […]

Suicide in Hungary: Epidemiological and clinical perspectives

Annual suicide rates of Hungary were unexpectedly high in the previous century. In our narrative review, we try to depict, with presentation of the raw data, the main descriptive epidemiological features of the Hungarian suicide scene of the past decades. Accordingly, we present the annual suicide rates of the period mentioned and also data on […]

A content analysis of suicidal notes: A preliminary study in Hungary

The present study was designed to compare the content of 113 suicide notes from attempted suicides, completed suicides and a nonsuicidal group asked to write possible suicide notes. The content analysis  examined formal, syntactical and grammatical characteristics, as well as speech patterns and verbal expressions. The letters from attempted and completed suicides had five significant […]

Suicide in Hungary during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic: Subgroup investigations

Background COVID-19 may unfavourably affect the mental health of individuals in various ways. Accordingly, the concern has been raised that national suicide rates will increase in the wake of the outbreak of the pandemic. Methods In the current study, we tested this conjecture in three age groups (<25; 25–64; ≥65) of the Hungarian total population […]

Entrapment and escape: Exploring the relationship between suicide and emigration in a post-communist country

Background: Suicide rate in Hungary was nearly the highest in the world in the decades preceding the transition of the social system. Shortly after the transition in 1989, a radical decrease in fatal suicides occurred, parallel with a marked increase in emigration. Methods: We analyzed the data published by the Hungarian Central Statistical Office to detect if […]

The effects of significant international sports events on Hungarian suicide rates.

Journal copy held in CSP Library.

Effects of parliamentary elections on suicide rates in Hungary.

Journal held in CSP Library.

Attempted suicide and pregnancy


Gloomy Sunday: did the “Hungarian Suicide Song” Really Create a Suicide Epidemic (IN: Suicide and the Creative Arts, edited by S Stack & D Lester)

The lyrics of “Gloomy Sunday” relates the story of someone whose lover has recently died & who is now thinking about suicide in order to be reunified with their lost one. Ever since the song first was performed, there have been rumours about it inducing people to suicide & it being banned. This chapter explores […]

Suicide in Post-Socialist Countries: Examples From Hungary and Belarus

The author evaluated suicide in Hungary & Belarus based on informants’ or consultants’ comments, evaluation, & opinions. The author suggests suicide can be explained by political, economic, & psychological factors. He also suggests Bateson’s (1972) double bind theory might help to understand why some suicides might occur in socialist & post-socialist countries at a higher […]

Altered Organization of GABAa Receptor mRNA Expression in the Depressed Suicide Brain

Interrelationships ordinarily exist between mRNA expression of GABAa subunits in the frontopolar cortex of individuals that died suddenly from causes other than suicide. However, these correlations were largely absent in persons who died by suicide. In this study, these findings were extended by examing GABAa receptor expression patterns in the orbital frontal cortex, hippocampus, amygdala, […]

Attitudes Towards Suicide Among Regional Politicians in Lithuania, Austria, Hungary, Norway and Sweden

This study compared attitudes towards suicide among regional politicians in Austria, Hungary, Lithuania, Norway, & Sweden. The Attitudes Towards Suicide questionnaire was used. Results indicated the acceptance of suicide was higher among Lithuanian, Hungarian, & Austrian politicians (high suicide rate, no national prevention strategies) than among Norwegian & Swedish politicians (relatively low suicide rates, national […]

A Detailed Study on Suicides in Baranya County (Hungary)

Suicides in Baranya County, Hungary between 1983-1987 were investigated with regard to biodemographical aspects. There were 1056 suicides with the rate being higher in villages than towns. Suicide rates increased with age. Analysis of interviews with relatives showed that 20% of elderly males could not cope with their losses & found no way out except […]

Cigarette Smoking and Suicide Attempts in Psychiatric Outpatients in Hungary

334 Hungarian outpatients with DSM-IV diagnoses of unipolar major depression, bipolar I & II disorder, schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, & pure panic disorder were interviewed regarding their smoking habits & previous suicide attempts. With the exception of patients with panic disorder, the rate of prior suicide attempt(s) was much higher among current & lifetime smokers than […]

Novelty Seeking: Difference Between Suicidal and Non-Suicidal Hungarian Adolescent Outpatients Suffering From Depression

This study explored differences in temperament & character dimensions between 2 focused clinical groups, suicidal & nonsuicidal, depressive adolescent outpatients. Two groups of adolescent Hungarian outpatients were compared: 39 suicidal-depressives & 51 nonsuicidal depressives. The groups were matched by age, gender, & family status. The only difference between the groups was that suicidal-depressive adolescents exhibited […]

A Further Test of the Finno-Ugrian Suicide Hypothesis: Correspondence of County Suicide Rates in Romania and Population Proportion of Ethnic Hungarians

Across the 42 counties of Romania, the total suicide rate & the population percentage of ethnic Hungarians were strongly positively interrelated. Counties with the strongest Hungarian minority had suicide rates converging to (or exceeding) the suicide rate for Hungary, which is high. Of a set of about 20 vital statistics & socioeconomic indicators, only life […]

Preventing Suicide by Educating General Practitioners

An education program for general practitioners on treating patients with depressive disorders & panic disorders was implemented in one district in Hungary in 1998. A neighbouring district was used as a control. Although the educational program was followed by an increase in referrals for panic disorder in the target district, there was no impact on […]

Risk Factors for Suicide in Hungary: a Case-Control Study

The hypothesis examined in this study is that suicide in Hungary would be associated with both risk factors as identified in Western studies & experiences related to social & economic restructuring. Informants for 194 cases were interviewed in a controlled psychological autopsy study. Many demographic & clinical risk factors associated with suicide in other countries […]

The Suicide by the Adolescents in Hungary and the Experiences in the Field of Prevention

The frequency of suicidal behaviours of Hungarian adolescents were compared with those of the total population & reported in this presentation. Variations in some years were evaluated. The possibilities of prevention & postvention were related & new initiatives in prevention were briefly discussed.

Suicidality and Trait Aggression Related to Childhood Victimization in Patients With Alcoholism


County Council Politicians’ Attitudes Toward Suicide and Suicide Prevention. a Qualitative Cross-Cultural Study


Gloomy Sunday: did the “Hungarian Suicide Song” Really Create a Suicide Epidemic?

The effect of art on suicide risk has been a neglected topic in suicidology. This article focuses on the song “Gloomy Sunday” which historical sources suggest triggered suicides. The alleged increase in suicides in the 1930s associated with the playing of the song may be attributed to audience mood, especially the presence of a large […]

The Seasonality of Suicide in Hungary in the 1930s

A spring peak for 52,533 suicides in 1930-1938 was found in Hungary. This peak was stronger in rural regions than in urban regions. (3 refs.)