The health-related quality of life, work productivity, healthcare resource utilization, and economic burden associated with levels of suicidal ideation among patients self-reporting moderately severe or severe major depressive disorder in a national survey

Background:┬áSuicidal ideation (SI) is a cardinal aspect of major depressive disorder (MDD); however, patient-reported outcomes data from large-scale surveys are limited concerning SI in the context of MDD. This study aims to understand the association between varying levels of SI and health-related quality of life (HRQoL), work productivity, healthcare resource utilization (HRU), and associated costs[…]

Mental health and substance use during COVID-19: Summary report 3 spotlight on income, employment, access

Key findings include: Substance use and mental health concerns are greatest among people with low income or who are unemployed:Problematic cannabis use was reported by 50% of respondents with low income or who are unemployed who use cannabis, while problematic alcohol use was reported by more than 30% of those who drink alcohol.
Similarly,[…]

Spreading pride in all who served: A health education program to improve access and mental health outcomes for sexual and gender minority veterans

Access to effective, replicable services is critical to reduce known mental health disparities for sexual and gender minority or LGBTQ+ veterans (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, questioning, and related identities). This paper examines the impact of a manualized 10-week health education group, called PRIDE in All Who Served on veteran patient experience, protective factors (e.g.,[…]

The role of context in shaping the relationship between physical health and suicide over the life course

U.S. suicide rates are at a thirty-year high while physical health, as measured by life expectancy and pain, has declined, particularly for those without a college degree. We investigate how these patterns may be related by exploring the role of physical health problems in suicide deaths using 2019 data from the National Violent Death Reporting[…]

A question of justice: Critically researching suicide with Indigenous studies of affect, biosociality, and land-based relations

This paper considers how Indigenous studies can inform the evolution of critical research on suicide. Aligned with critiques of mainstream suicidology, these methodological approaches provide a roadmap for structural analysis of complex systems and logics in which the phenomenon of suicide emerges. Moving beyond mere naming of social determinants of suicide and consistent with calls[…]

Suicide in rural Australia: A retrospective study of mental health problems, health-seeking and service utilisation

Background
Suicide rates are higher in rural Australia than in major cities, although the factors contributing to this are not well understood. This study highlights trends in suicide and examines the prevalence of mental health problems and service utilisation of non-Indigenous Australians by geographic remoteness in rural Australia.
Methods
A retrospective study[…]

Who didn’t consult the doctor? Understanding sociodemographic factors in relation to health care uptake before suicide

Objective
This study aimed to establish differences between suicide decedents and a reference population across various health care settings.
Methods
This population-wide registration study combined death statistics, sociodemographic data and health care data from Statistics Netherlands. From 2010 to 2016, 12,015 suicide cases and a random reference group of 132,504 were included[…]

Variable circumstances of suicide among racial/ethnic groups by sex and age: A National Violent-Death Reporting System analysis

Suicide rates vary by race/ethnicity, but little is known about how the circumstances that contribute to suicide differ across racial/ethnic groups. This study investigated suicide circumstances among non-Hispanic Whites, non-Hispanic Blacks, non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islanders, non-Hispanic Native American/Alaskan Natives, and Hispanics by sex and age. Using de-identified National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) Restricted Access Database[…]

Associations between mental health shortage areas and county-level suicide rates among adults aged 25 and older in the USA, 2010 to 2018

Objective
Suicide is a serious public health concern, but little is known about the relationship between access to mental health care and suicide deaths, and whether suicide rates differ by mental health provider Health Professional Shortage Areas (HPSAs). This study investigated the associations between mental health HPSAs and suicide rates.
Method
We[…]

Exploring health care professionals’ knowledge of, attitudes towards, and confidence in caring for people at risk of suicide: A systematic review

Health care professionals are paramount to the prevention and management of suicidal thoughts and behaviors. Confidence in caring for people at risk of suicidal thoughts and behaviors is influenced by knowledge of and attitudes towards suicide. This systematic review aimed to explore health care professionals’ knowledge of and attitudes towards suicide, as well as, their[…]