Association of state Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program eligibility policies with adult mental health and suicidality

Objectives  To examine the association of state elimination of the asset test and increases in the income limit for SNAP eligibility with rates of mental health and suicidality outcomes among adults. Design, Setting, and Participants  This ecological cross-sectional study used 2014 to 2017 data on US adults from the National Vital Statistics System and 2015 to 2019 […]

Examining mediators of associations of food insecurity and being bullied with suicide among in‑school adolescents in Eswatini: A cross‑sectional study

We examined the potential mediating roles of anxiety and loneliness on the association of concurrent food insecurity (FI) and being bullied (BB) with suicidal behavior (SB) in Eswatini, a lower-middle-income country. We used data from the Global School-based Student Health Survey (GSHS; N = 3264), which employed a two-stage cluster sampling: first, 25 schools were selected based on […]

Food insufficiency, adverse childhood experiences and mental health: Results of the Singapore Mental Health Study 2016

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and correlates of food insufficiency and its association with mental disorders and adverse childhood experiences (ACE) in Singapore. Design: This analysis utilised data from the Singapore Mental Health Study (SMHS 2016). Setting: SMHS 2016 was a population-based, psychiatric epidemiological study conducted among Singapore residents. Participants: Interviews were […]

Food insecurity (hunger) and suicide attempts among 179,771 adolescents attending school from 9 high-income, 31 middle-income, and 4 low-income countries: A cross-sectional study

Background: Data on food insecurity and suicide attempts in adolescence are scarce. Thus, the aim of the current study was to assess the association between food insecurity (hunger) and suicide attempts in adolescents from 44 countries. Methods: Cross-sectional, school-based data from the Global School-based Student Health Survey were analyzed. Data on past 12-month suicide attempts […]

Examining the associations between food worry and mental health during the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic in Canada

Objective: Little is known about the association between mental health and diminished food worry during the COVID-19 pandemic. This paper examines worry about having enough food to meet household needs and its association with mental health during the early months of the pandemic in Canada. Methods: Data are drawn from the first round of a multi-round mental […]

Prevalence of suicide ideation, planning and attempts among Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program participants in the United States

Background Suicide represents a substantial public health problem in the U.S. Programs like the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)—which provides services for U.S. adults who are food insecure—could be an appropriate venue for suicide prevention strategies targeting high-risk individuals. Methods This cross-sectional study used multiple logistic regression to determine odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence […]

Household food insecurity in Canada.

Household food insecurity is the inadequate or insecure access to food due to financial constraints. It is a serious problem in Canada that negatively impacts physical, mental, and social health, and costs our healthcare system considerably.

Food insecurity and children’s mental health: A prospective birth cohort study.

Food insecurity (which can be defined as inadequate access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food that meets individuals’ dietary needs) is concurrently associated with children’s psychological difficulties. However, the predictive role of food insecurity with regard to specific types of children’s mental health symptoms has not previously been studied. We used data from the Longitudinal […]

Food deprivation is integral to the ‘hand to mouth’ existence of homeless youths in Toronto.

OBJECTIVE: To describe homeless youths’ experiences of food insecurity and examine the relation between chronic food deprivation and food acquisition practices. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey of homeless youths was conducted in 2003 to assess their nutritional vulnerability and describe their food acquisition practices. SETTING: Toronto, Canada. SUBJECTS: Two hundred and sixty-one youths, aged 16-24 years, […]

The pervasive effect of youth self-report of hunger on depression over 6 years of follow up.

PURPOSE: We used longitudinal data to clarify the association between self-report of hunger and subsequent depression risk among youth and young adults, accounting for other risk factors. METHODS: Youth self-report of ever experiencing hunger data were collected from cycles 4-6 of the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth cohort of Canadian youth 16 years […]

Association of moderate and severe food insecurity with suicidal ideation in adults: National survey data from three Canadian provinces.

PURPOSE: Although the important public health issues of food insecurity and suicide may be interconnected, they are rarely studied. Using data from a national survey, we examined whether household food insecurity was associated with suicidal ideation after adjusting for relevant covariates. METHODS: We examined cross-sectional data from three Canadian provinces (n = 5,270) that were […]