The Ruderman white paper update on mental health and suicide of first responders

This update of our White Paper published in 2018 is intended to keep the issue of mental health of first responders in the focus of public attention and facilitate access to services, programs, and resources for all members of this group. The Ruderman White Paper Update on Mental[…]

The first 72 hours: Suicide loss survivor experiences with early responders

Exposure to a suicide carries risks for loss survivors including significant and long-standing emotional distress. Early responders play a critical role in shaping survivors’ experience and trajectory for seeking support services. Yet, few prior studies explore the nuances of early responders’ interactions with loss survivors. The current study explored suicide-bereaved adults’ experiences with early responders[…]

Helping our heroes: An evaluation of mental health and organizational policies surr ganizational policies surrounding suicide pr ounding suicide prevention and ention and postvention strategies for Nebraska first responders

Suicide is ranked as one of the leading causes of death in the United States. Over 40,000 individuals die by suicide each year (Stanley, Hom, & Joiner, 2016; Vigil et al, 2021), and, in 2020, it was ranked in the top 9 causes of death for all ages (10-64), and second for those 10-14 and[…]

Virtual trauma-focused therapy for military members, veterans, and public safety personnel with posttraumatic stress injury: Systematic scoping review

A necessary shift from in-person to remote delivery of psychotherapy (eg, teletherapy, eHealth, videoconferencing) has occurred because of the COVID-19 pandemic. A corollary benefit is a potential fit in terms of the need for equitable and timely access to mental health services in remote and rural locations. Owing to COVID-19, there may be[…]

Reducing the impacts of exposure to potentially traumatic events on the mental health of public safety personnel: A rapid systematic scoping review

Police, firefighters, and emergency medical technicians and paramedics are frequently exposed to potentially traumatic events (PTE) in their work as public safety personnel (PSP). PTE are a risk factor for posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, anxiety, substance abuse, and suicidal ideation. This systematic rapid scoping review summarizes evaluation research on psychosocial interventions to reduce the negative[…]

Emotional exhaustion and its relationship with suicide risk in emergency responders

The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the relationship between emotional exhaustion and suicide risk in emergency responders. Participants included 643 actively employed emergency responders who responded to an online research based survey. Participants were administered the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI; Maslach & Jackson, 1981) and the Suicide Behaviors Questionnaire (SBQ-R; Osman, Bagge, Gutierrez, Konick,[…]

Suicidal ideation, plans, and attempts among public safety personnel in Canada

Substantial media attention has focused on suicide among Canadian Public Safety Personnel (PSP; e.g., correctional workers, dispatchers, firefighters, paramedics, police). The attention has raised significant concerns about the mental health impact of public safety service, as well as interest in the correlates for risk of suicide. There have only been two published studies assessing lifetime[…]

Suicide among ambulance service staff: A review of coroner and employment records

Background: There is growing evidence to suggest that suggest that Ambulance Service (AS) staff may be at increased risk for suicide, however few studies have explored risk factors within this occupational group. Aim: To investigate factors commonly associated with ambulance staff suicides. Method: Eleven AS trusts across England and Wales (UK) were asked to return[…]

Responding to grief, trauma, and distress after a suicide: U.S. national guidelines

These guidelines provide a unified, far-reaching blueprint for the development of suicide postvention at all levels of U.S. society. Populations: Racial and Ethnic Groups, Attempt Survivors and Other[…]

Responding to a suicide death: The role of first responders

Effective response by first responders in the immediate aftermath of a suicide death can play a critical role in reducing risk and promoting healing for family, friends, and the larger community by helping people who are newly bereaved to cope with the immediate crisis, created by the death. They also can lay the foundation for[…]