Sleep influences daily suicidal ideation through affective reactivity to interpersonal events among high-risk adolescents and young adults

Background: Identifying proximal risk factors for suicidal ideation that are modifiable and relevant for adolescents and young adults is critical for suicide prevention. This study used an intensive monitoring approach to examine whether objectively- and subjectively- measured sleep characteristics predict next-day suicidal ideation occurrence and intensity through affective reactivity to interpersonal events in young people at […]

Relationship between social cognition, general cognition, and risk for suicide in individuals with a psychotic disorder

Objective Cognitive alterations putatively contribute to the risk for suicide in individuals with psychosis. Yet, a comprehensive assessment of social- and general-cognitive abilities in a large sample is lacking. Methods Seven-hundred-fifteen individuals diagnosed with a psychotic disorder performed tasks of facial emotion recognition, Theory of Mind, and general cognitive functioning (sustained attention, set-shifting, IQ-tests and verbal learning) as […]

Suicide risk after psychiatric discharge: Study protocol of a naturalistic, long-term, prospective observational study

Background Suicide risk of psychiatric patients has proven to be strongly increased in the months after discharge from a psychiatric hospital. Despite this high risk, there is a lack of systematic research on the causes of this elevated suicide risk as well as a lack of treatment and intervention for patients at high risk after […]

Symptom continuum reported by affective disorder patients through a structure-validated questionnaire

Abstract Background: Affective disorders, such as major depressive (MDD), bipolar I (BD I) and II (BD II) disorders, are overlapped at a continuum, but their exact loci are not clear. The self-reports from patients with affective disorders might help to clarify this issue. Methods: We invited 738 healthy volunteers, 207 individuals with BD I, 265 […]

Hopelessness and its correlates with clinical outcomes in an outpatient setting

Introduction: This study examined whether patients with hopelessness and those without may significantly differ regarding their main presentations and clinical course in a large Italian population. Methods: The recruited sample included 583 currently euthymic outpatients with major affective disorders. The Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS) assessed hopelessness using a cutoff score of 9 or higher. Participants were categorized […]

Distress, suicidality, and affective disorders at the time of social networks

We reviewed how scholars recently addressed the complex relationship that binds distress, affective disorders, and suicidal behaviors on the one hand and social networking on the other. We considered the latest machine learning performances in detecting affective-related outcomes from social media data, and reviewed understandings of how, why, and with what consequences distressed individuals use […]

Sensoray profiles as potential mediators of the association between hypomania and hopelessness in 488 major affective outpatients.

INTRODUCTION: Extreme sensory processing patterns may contribute to the pathophysiology of major affective disorders. We aimed to examine whether significant correlations exist between sensory profiles, hypomania, self-reported depression, and hopelessness and whether sensory profiles may be potential mediators of the association between hypomania and depression/hopelessness. METHODS: The sample consisted of 488 euthymic affective disorder patients of […]

Predictors of emotional distress after stroke.

Background and Purpose— The aim of this prospective longitudinal study was to identify factors relating to emotional distress in the first 6 months after stroke in a sample including patients with aphasia. Methods— One hundred patients who were in hospital at 1 month after stroke were recruited and assessed on measures of communication impairment (Sheffield […]

Toxoplasmosis titers and past suicide attempts among older adolescents initiating SSRI treatment.

Latent infection with toxoplasmosis is a prevalent condition that has been linked in animal studies to high-risk behaviors, and in humans, to suicide and suicide attempts. This analysis investigated a relationship between suicide attempt history and toxoplasmosis titers in a group of older adolescents who had recently begun treatment with an SSRI. Of 108 participants, […]

Borderline personality disorder diagnostic criteria as risk factors for suicidal behavior through the lens of the interpersonal theory of suicide.

Borderline personality disorder diagnostic criteria, particularly affective dysregulation and behavioral dysregulation, are avenues through which suicide risk is conferred, though pathways are not well understood. The interpersonal theory of suicide may help elucidate these associations. The current study examined indirect relationships between affective and behavioral dysregulation and suicidal ideation through perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness, and […]

Autoimmune diseases and severe infections as risk factors for mood disorders: A nationwide study.

Importance Mood disorders frequently co-occur with medical diseases that involve inflammatory pathophysiologic mechanisms. Immune responses can affect the brain and might increase the risk of mood disorders, but longitudinal studies of comorbidity are lacking. Objective To estimate the effect of autoimmune diseases and infections on the risk of developing mood disorders. Design Nationwide, population-based, prospective […]

The twenty-year trajectory of suicidal activity among post-hospital psychiatric men and women with mood disorders and schizophrenia.

Journal copy held in CSP Library.

The association of alcohol use disorders with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in a population-based sample with mood symptoms.

Copy held in CSP Library.

Mood instability and impulsivity as trait predictors of suicidal thoughts.

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Increased DNA methylation in the suicide brain.

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Familial pathways to early-onset suicide attempt: A 5.6-year prospective study.

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Suicidal risk, affective dysphoric disorders, and quality-of-life perception in patients with focal refractory epilepsy.

Highlights ¥ Evaluation the association among quality of life, affective disorders and suicidal risk. ¥ Affective somatoform dysphoric disorder and severity of the depressive disorder are related to suicidal risk. ¥ Lower quality of life is a predictor of an increase in suicidal risk. Contact us for a copy of this article, or view online […]

Allergy is associated with suicide completion with a possible mediating role of mood disorder – a population-based study.

With increasing research suggesting a role of allergy on suicidality, this study, on a population level, delved into how allergy affects risk for suicide completionVin the context of mood disorder and other factors. Based on the entire population of Denmark, we included 27 096 completed suicides and 467 571 live controls matched on sex and […]

A longitudinal study of suicidal ideation among homeless, mentally ill individuals.

Previous cross-sectional studies have indicated that homeless individuals may present with high rates of suicidal ideation, which are strongly associated with completed suicide. We conducted the first known longitudinal study of suicidal ideation in the homeless. We used data collected over 24 months in the Vancouver At Home project (N = 497), comprised two randomized-controlled […]

Clinical and genetic factors associated with suicide in mood disorder patients.

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Gender differences in the relationship between maladaptive behaviors and post-traumatic stress disorder. A study on 900 L’Aquila 2009 earthquake survivors.

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Positive mental health and mental illness.

Based on the Health Continuum Short Form administered in the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey Ð Mental Health (CCHS-MH), the percentages of Canadians aged 15 or older classified as having flourishing, moderate or languishing mental health were 76.9%, 21.6% and 1.5%, respectively

Quick facts: Mental illness & addiction in Canada.

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