Violent lives: Pathways linking exposure to violence to suicidal behavior in a national sample
Farrell, C., & Zimmerman, G.M.
This study explored the extent to which depression, somatic symptoms, and substance use mediated the effects of exposure to violence on suicidal ideation and attempted suicide, and whether these pathways varied across gender, age, and race/ethnicity. Path analysis was conducted on 12,272 adolescents (mean = 15.3 years) from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health. The impact of exposure to violence on suicidal ideation was fully mediated, and the impact of exposure to violence on attempted suicide was partially mediated by depression, somatic symptoms, and substance use. Mediating pathways were stronger for females and for younger adolescents. Understanding the impact of exposure to violence on adolescent suicidal behavior requires the consideration of direct, indirect, and conditional indirect effects.