Year: 2022 Source: Archives of Suicide Research. (2022). 26(3), 1556-1571. SIEC No: 20220842
Objective Borderline personality disorder (BPD) involves high rates of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidal behaviors, which are often preceded by urges. Disrupted sleep processes have been linked to NSSI and suicidal behaviors. However, it is unclear which specific sleep processes influence NSSI and suicide urges at rest (i.e., baseline) or in response to distress (i.e., reactivity) in BPD, and thus require targeting in BPD-specific interventions. This study examined whether two distinct homeostatic sleep processes (i.e., total sleep time [TST] and time in bed [TIB]), and one circadian sleep process (i.e., chronotype, or tendencies toward early versus late bed and rise times) predict baseline NSSI and suicide urges and urge reactivity in BPD. Methods Forty adults with BPD completed a seven-day sleep diary to measure average TST and TIB. They then completed a questionnaire to measure chronotype and underwent an experiment wherein they rated NSSI and suicide urges at baseline and following an emotion induction. Results Generalized estimating equations revealed that higher TST was associated with lower baseline NSSI urges, and lower suicide urge reactivity. Additionally, higher TIB predicted higher NSSI urge reactivity. Conclusions Sleep deprivation and extended time in bed may increase proclivity toward NSSI and/or suicide. Targeting these variables in BPD interventions may ultimately facilitate the reduction of NSSI and suicidal acts.