Year: 2022 Source: Biological Psychiatry Global Open Science. (2022). 2(1), 36-44. SIEC No: 20220456

Nocturnal wakefulness has emerged as a potential predictor of short-term suicide risk. This analysis used dynamic temporal patterns in alpha and beta power and global sleep metrics to explore the possible link between next-day suicidal ideation (NDSI) and wakefulness measures in unmedicated participants with treatment-resistant depression.
Thirty-three medication-free participants with treatment-resistant depression completed overnight polysomnography. Alpha and beta spectral power as functions over time were used to represent arousal-related components of the dynamic sleep process. A functional data analytic approach (multilevel functional principal component analysis [MFPCA]) was used to preserve the oscillatory nature of the data; MFPCA PC scores were then associated with NDSI. Associations between NDSI and polysomnography-defined wakefulness after sleep onset, sleep efficiency, and total sleep time were also evaluated.
NDSI had the strongest relationship with the second beta PC score (slope = 0.09 [90% credible interval, 0.03 to 0.14]), which represented an oscillating pattern that reflected disturbed sleep. The first PCs from both alpha and beta MFPCAs represented the overall magnitude of power and were most closely associated with traditional polysomnography metrics but were not related to NDSI. Results were equivocal for wakefulness after sleep onset with NDSI and did not support a relationship between NDSI and either sleep efficiency or total sleep time, highlighting the value of information contained in oscillating electroencephalogram patterns for identifying physiological links between nocturnal wakefulness and NDSI.
This study leveraged the dynamic nature of wakefulness-related electroencephalogram frequencies and provides a potential electrophysiological link between suicidal ideation and wakefulness during sleep in individuals with treatment-resistant depression.