Suicide risk in post-COVID-19 syndrome
Simonetti, A., Bernardi, E., Janiri, D., Mazza, M., Monatanari, S., Catinari, A., ... & Sani, G.
Post-acute sequelae of COVID-19 include several neuropsychiatric disorders. Little is known about the relationship between post-COVID-19 syndrome and suicidality. The aim of the study was to investigate the risk of suicide in subjects with persistent post-COVID-19 syndrome. One-thousand five-hundred eighty-eight subjects were assessed in the Post-Acute Care Service at the Fondazione Policlinico Universitario “Agostino Gemelli” IRCCS of Rome. Assessment included: (a) sociodemographic characteristics; (b) symptoms during and after COVID-19; (c) psychopathological evaluation. Participants were divided in those with (SUI) or without (NON SUI) suicide risk according to the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview. Additionally, subjects with SUI were split into those with high (HIGH SUI) and low (LOW SUI) suicide risk. Between-group comparisons were made with t-tests for continuous variables and χ2 tests for categorical variables. SUI showed greater percentages of physical complaints during and after COVID-19, greater percentages of psychiatric history and presence of psychiatric history in relatives, greater percentages of subjects previously undergoing psychopharmacotherapy, and greater levels of anxiety, mixed depressive symptoms, general psychopathology than NON SUI. HIGH SUI showed greater number of symptoms during and after COVID-19 and higher levels of mixed depressive symptoms than LOW SUI. Percentages of subjects undergoing psychotherapy was higher in LOW SUI than HIGH SUI. Greater levels of physical complaints and psychopathology during post-COVID-syndrome might enhance the risk of committing suicide. Treatment of physical complaints and psychotherapy might reduce suicide risk.