Year: 2020 Source: Global Mental Health. (2020). DOI: SIEC No: 20200766

Facebook has transformed social communication and offers the opportunity to share personal
thoughts to people including suicide ideas, plans and attempts. Suicide after Facebook posts
has been reported in different parts of the world and it has become a potential area of research
for suicide prevention. The analysis of Facebook posts prior to suicide or Facebook live
streaming may help in understanding the etiological factors, patterns of communication
and possible prevention approaches for a particular community. However, there is a dearth
of evidence about suicide incidents after Facebook posts and Facebook live streaming in
low and middle-income countries. This study aims to explore the trends and phenomena
of suicide after Facebook posts and live streaming in Bangladesh. We conducted an online
search using the Google, Facebook and five daily online newspaper archives from 15th
August to 15th September 2019. Two research assistants independently conducted the initial
searching to find out people who committed suicide after Facebook posts or live streamed suicide in Bangladesh and documented 21 cases. After further evaluation of each of the 21 cases
we confirmed 19 cases that met the selection criteria. All of them were under 35-years of age.
We observed sucide after Facebook posts were more common in male(78%) e and students.
Hanging was the most frequently used method of suicide followed by poisoning. Their
Facebook posts and livestream videos indicated relationship problems, academic stress and
mental disorders were the common stressors for their suicide. This study lays the foundation
for the future researchers to work on suicidal posts on Facebook in Bangladesh and develop
culture-specific, real-time suicide preventive systems using a social media platform.