Year: 2022 Source: Cham, CH: Springer Briefs in Psychology. (2022). p. 115-123. SIEC No: 20220729
Youth who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, queer, and questioning their sexual identities (LGBQ+) and/or who are a gender distinct from their birth-assigned sex (i.e., trans gender and gender diverse), collectively LGBTQIA+, show nearly triple the risk for self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs), including nonsuicidal self-injury, suicide ideation, and suicide attempts (Marshal et al., 2011). Unfortunately, few studies to date have rigorously tested SITB treatments in LGBTQIA+ youth. In a recent meta-analysis of all randomized controlled trials of SITB interventions, only 60/642 treatment studies reported on the LGBTQIA+ composition of the sample, and no study specifically focused on treatment for LGBTQIA+ youth or adults (Fox et al., 2020). It remains unclear if treatments designed for cisgender, heterosexual youth are similarly efficacious for LGBTQIA+ youth and regardless whether they are sufficient to reduce this heightened risk.