Year: 2020 Source: Journal of Affective Disorders. (2012). 136(1-2), 35-43. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2011.09.001. SIEC No: 20200071

The prevention of the repetition of suicide attempts is an important feature of the care of attempters but current data fail to give actual predictors of repetition. The aim of this study was to characterize sociodemographic and psychopathological features and risk factors associated with future repetition of suicide attempts in two years. The study focused on differences between men and women.

273 participants selected in psychiatric emergency units after their admission for a suicide attempt (index) were included in the study. Subsequent suicide attempts occurring within a two year follow-up were identified from the regional observatory of suicide attempts. At inclusion, sociodemographic variables and psychopathological data were collected. In particular, psychometric evaluations were performed using the following scales: BDI-SF, SIS, BIS and BDHI. The lifetime history of suicide attempt was also noted.

Repetition of suicide attempt in 2 years was associated with current follow up and treatment, a personal history of multiple suicide attempt, post traumatic stress disorder, current recurrent psychotic syndrome and substance misuse. Specific features of men and women repeaters have been identified. Men repeaters were characterized by substance use disorders whereas the re-attempt in women was associated with current follow up and treatment, post traumatic stress disorder and higher BDI-SF score.

Repeaters must be considered as a specific population among suicide attempters and gender differences must be taken into account in this particular population in order to promote more personalized prevention programs for suicidal recurrence and completed suicide.